Soprano

Soprano vocal range (C4–C6) notated on the treble staff and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C

Type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.

- Soprano
Soprano vocal range (C4–C6) notated on the treble staff and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C

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The general vocal range of an adult female soprano is C4–C6 (highlighted), with notes unreachable by an average Treble marked in red (B5–C6).

Boy soprano

The general vocal range of an adult female soprano is C4–C6 (highlighted), with notes unreachable by an average Treble marked in red (B5–C6).

A boy soprano (British and especially North American English) or boy treble (only British English) is a young male singer with an unchanged voice in the soprano range, a range that is often still called the treble voice range (in North America too) when talking about children.

A Byzantine castrato from the 11th century

Castrato

A Byzantine castrato from the 11th century
A caricature of Farinelli in a female role, by Pier Leone Ghezzi, 1724.
The castrato Carlo Scalzi, by Joseph Flipart, c. 1737.
Alessandro Moreschi, the last of the Sistine castrati
Francesco Bernardi, known as "Senesino"

A castrato (Italian, plural: castrati) is a type of classical male singing voice equivalent to that of a soprano, mezzo-soprano, or contralto.

Countertenor vocal range (E3–E5) notated on the treble staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

Countertenor

Countertenor vocal range (E3–E5) notated on the treble staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.

Mezzo-soprano vocal range (A3–A5) notated on the treble staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

Mezzo-soprano

Mezzo-soprano vocal range (A3–A5) notated on the treble staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.

Soprano voice range (C4–C6) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

Voice type

This article focuses on voice classification within classical music.

This article focuses on voice classification within classical music.

Soprano voice range (C4–C6) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Mezzo-soprano voice range (A3–A5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Contralto voice range (F3–F5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Countertenor voice range (E3–E5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Tenor voice range (C3–C5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Baritone voice range (A2–A4) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Bass voice range (E2–E4) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Treble voice range (A3–A5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

Women are typically divided into three groups: soprano, mezzo-soprano, and contralto.

In musical notation, the different vertical positions of notes indicate different pitches. &

Vocal range

Range of pitches that a human voice can phonate.

Range of pitches that a human voice can phonate.

In musical notation, the different vertical positions of notes indicate different pitches. &

Women are typically divided into three main groups: soprano, mezzo-soprano, and contralto.

Codex claromontanus latin (The S.S. Teacher's Edition-The Holy Bible - Plate XXVIII)

SATB

Initialism that describes the scoring of compositions for choirs, and also choirs of instruments.

Initialism that describes the scoring of compositions for choirs, and also choirs of instruments.

Codex claromontanus latin (The S.S. Teacher's Edition-The Holy Bible - Plate XXVIII)

The initials are for the voice types: S for soprano, A for alto, T for tenor and B for bass.

Costume design by Alfred Roller for the premiere, for the role of the Nurse

Die Frau ohne Schatten

Opera in three acts by Richard Strauss with a libretto by his long-time collaborator, the poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal.

Opera in three acts by Richard Strauss with a libretto by his long-time collaborator, the poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal.

Costume design by Alfred Roller for the premiere, for the role of the Nurse
Strauss in 1917, portrait by Emil Orlík
as The Dyer's Wife, Hessisches Staatstheater Wiesbaden, 2014
Strauss by Hans Schliesmann, 1918

The opera's story is set in the mythical empire of the Southeastern Islands and involves five principal characters: the Emperor (tenor), the Empress (soprano), her Nurse (mezzo-soprano), Barak, a lowly dyer (bass-baritone), and the Dyer's Wife (dramatic soprano).

The spectrogram of the human voice reveals its rich harmonic content.

Human voice

The human voice consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal tract, including talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming, shouting, humming or yelling.

The human voice consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal tract, including talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming, shouting, humming or yelling.

The spectrogram of the human voice reveals its rich harmonic content.
A labeled anatomical diagram of the vocal folds or cords.

For example, among men, there are bass, bass-baritone, baritone, baritenor, tenor and countertenor (ranging from E2 to C#7 and higher), and among women, contralto, alto, mezzo-soprano and soprano (ranging from F3 to C6 and higher).

A typical five-line staff

Staff (music)

Set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch or in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments.

Set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch or in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments.

A typical five-line staff
Staff, with staff positions indicated.
Musical brace.
Musical bracket.
The grand staff
A simple grand staff. Each of the staves shown above has seven notes and one rest.
12th-century Beneventan manuscript showing diastematic neumes and a single-line staff
Excerpt from a keyboard work by William Byrd written on a six-line staff, 1591

Four-part SATB vocal settings, especially in hymnals, use a divisi notation on a two-staff system with soprano and alto voices sharing the upper staff and tenor and bass voices on the lower staff.