South Africa

🇿🇦South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSAZAFZASAFSASouthern AfricaUnion of South Africa
{{Infobox country * conventional_long_name = Republic of South Africa * common_name = South Africa * native_name = 10 other official nameswikipedia
50,682 Related Articles

Zimbabwe

🇿🇼 RhodesiaZimbabwean
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Zimbabwe ({{IPAc-en|z|ɪ|m|ˈ|b|ɑː|b|w|eɪ|,_|-|w|i}}), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique.

Enclave and exclave

exclaveenclaveexclaves
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Vatican City and San Marino, enclaved by Italy, and Lesotho, enclaved by South Africa, are the only completely enclaved states.

Namibia

🇳🇦Republic of NamibiaNamibian
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.

Lesotho

🇱🇸MosothoKingdom of Lesotho
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho) is an enclaved country within the border of South Africa.

Mozambique

🇲🇿MozambicanMOZ
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ), is a country located in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.

Eswatini

Swaziland🇸🇿Swazi
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
It is bordered by Mozambique to its northeast and South Africa to its north, west and south.

Botswana

🇧🇼MotswanaRepublic of Botswana
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.

Culture of South Africa

cultureSouth African culturearchitecture of South Africa
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
The culture of South Africa is known for its ethnic and cultural diversity.

Afrikaans

Afrikaans-speakingAfrikaans-languageAfrikaans language
Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.

Religion in South Africa

Census statistics for religious denominationsdetailsOthers
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. religion = See Religion in South Africa
South Africa is a secular state with a very diverse religious population.

Constitution of South Africa

ConstitutionSouth African Constitutionfinal Constitution
established_event4 = Current constitution
The Constitution of South Africa is the supreme law of the Republic of South Africa.

History of South Africa

South AfricaSouth African historyBritish rule in South Africa
During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics.
The first humans are believed to have inhabited South Africa more than 100,000 years ago.

Apartheid

apartheid South Africaapartheid in South Africaanti-apartheid
The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation.
Apartheid (South African English: ;, segregation; lit. "separateness") was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s.

African National Congress

ANCAfrican National Congress (ANC)South African Native National Congress
After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in 1990.
The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party.

Internal resistance to apartheid

anti-apartheidanti-apartheid movementanti-apartheid activist
After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in 1990.
Internal resistance to apartheid in South Africa originated from several independent sectors of South African society and alternatively took the form of social movements, passive resistance, or guerrilla warfare.

Multinational state

multiethnicmulti-ethnicmultiethnic society
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.

Provinces of South Africa

Provinceprovincesnine provinces
Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's liberal democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces.
South Africa is divided into nine provinces. On the eve of the 1994 general election, South Africa's former homelands, also known as Bantustans, were reintegrated and the four existing provinces were divided into nine.

South African English

EnglishSouth AfricanSouth Africa
Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.
South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA ) is the set of English dialects native to South Africans.

White South Africans

Whitewhite South Africanwhites
Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.
The history of European settlement in South Africa started in 1652 with the settlement of the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) under Jan van Riebeeck.

Coloureds

colouredColoured peopleColoured person
Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.
Coloureds are to be mostly found in the western part of South Africa.

Sub-Saharan Africa

sub-Saharansub-Saharan Africansub-Sahara
About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status.
South Africa and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in particular are considered Megadiverse countries.

Demographics of South Africa

South AfricanSouth AfricansSouth Africa
demonym = South African
The demographics of South Africa encompasses about 57.7 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions.

Southern Africa

SouthernSouth Africasouthern African
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in East Africa.

Cyril Ramaphosa

President Cyril RamaphosaRamaphosa, M.C.Ramaposa
leader_name1 = Cyril Ramaphosa
Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa (born 17 November 1952) is a South African politician and the fifth and current President of South Africa.

National anthem of South Africa

national anthemSouth African national anthemcurrent National Anthem
national_anthem = "National anthem of South Africa" File:South Africa National Anthem.ogg
The national anthem of South Africa was adopted in 1997 and is a hybrid song combining new English lyrics with extracts of the 19th century hymn "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" ("God Bless Africa", ) and the Afrikaans song "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" ("The Voice of South Africa"), which was formerly used as the South African national anthem from the late 1930s to the mid-1990s.