South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSAZAFSouth-AfricanZASAFSASouthern AfricaUnion of South Africa
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.wikipedia
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Zimbabwe

🇿🇼 ZimbabweanRepublic of Zimbabwe
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique.

Enclave and exclave

exclaveenclaveexclaves
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Vatican City and San Marino, enclaved by Italy, Lesotho, enclaved by South Africa, are completely enclaved states.

Namibia

NamibianRepublic of NamibiaSouth West Africa
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.

Lesotho

Kingdom of LesothoMosothoBasutoland
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Lesotho, officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country within the border of South Africa.

Mozambique

MozambicanMoçambiqueRepublic of Mozambique
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ; Mozambiki; Msumbiji; Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.

Eswatini

SwazilandSwaziEswatini (Swaziland)
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
It is bordered by Mozambique to its northeast and South Africa to its north, west, and south.

Botswana

MotswanaRepublic of BotswanaBotswanan
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.

Languages of South Africa

Other11 official languagesSouth African languages
About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
At least thirty-five languages indigenous to South Africa are spoken in the Republic, ten of which are official languages of South Africa: Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, SiSwati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaans.

Culture of South Africa

South African cultureArchitecture of South Africaculture
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
The culture of South Africa is known for its ethnic and cultural diversity.

Religion in South Africa

Census statistics for religious denominationsdetailsOthers
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
South Africa is a secular state with a diverse religious population.

Afrikaans

Afrikaans languageAfrikaans-speakingAfrikaans-language
Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.

Constitution of South Africa

ConstitutionSouth African ConstitutionConstitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996
Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is the fourth-highest number in the world.
The Constitution of South Africa is the supreme law of the Republic of South Africa.

History of South Africa

South AfricaSouth African historyBritish rule in South Africa
During the 20th century, the black majority sought to claim more rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics.
The first modern humans are believed to have inhabited South Africa more than 100,000 years ago.

Apartheid

South Africa under apartheidapartheid in South Africaapartheid South Africa
The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation.
Apartheid (South African English: ;, segregation; lit. "separateness") was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (Namibia) from 1948 until the early 1990s.

African National Congress

ANCSouth African Native National CongressAfrican National Congress (ANC)
After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in the mid-1980s.
The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party.

Internal resistance to apartheid

anti-apartheidInternal resistance to South African apartheidanti-apartheid movement
After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in the mid-1980s.
Internal resistance to apartheid in South Africa originated from several independent sectors of South African society and alternatively took the form of social movements, passive resistance, or guerrilla warfare.

Multinational state

multiethnicmulti-ethnicmultiethnic society
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Provinces of South Africa

Provinceprovincesnine provinces
Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's liberal democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces.
South Africa is divided into nine provinces.

White South Africans

Whitewhite South Africanwhites
Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.
The history of White settlement in South Africa started in 1652 with the settlement of the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) under Jan van Riebeeck.

Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika ) is the historical predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.

Southern Africa

SouthernSouthern AfricanSouth Africa
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (also known as Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in East Africa.

Bantu peoples

BantuBantusBantu people
About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status.
the Zulu of South Africa (12 million ) the Luba of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (7 million ), the Sukuma of Tanzania (9 million ), or the Kikuyu of Kenya (7 million ).

Multiracial

mixed-racemixed raceMixed
The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.
Other countries where multiracial people make up a sizable portion of the population are Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, the United States, New Zealand, Mauritius, the Philippines and Fiji.

Limpopo

Limpopo ProvinceNorthern TransvaalNorthern Province
Further hominin remains have come from the sites of Makapansgat in Limpopo Province, Cornelia and Florisbad in the Free State Province, Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Klasies River Mouth in Eastern Cape Province and Pinnacle Point, Elandsfontein and Die Kelders Cave in Western Cape Province.
Limpopo is the northernmost province of South Africa.

Free State (province)

Free StateFree State ProvinceOrange Free State
Further hominin remains have come from the sites of Makapansgat in Limpopo Province, Cornelia and Florisbad in the Free State Province, Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Klasies River Mouth in Eastern Cape Province and Pinnacle Point, Elandsfontein and Die Kelders Cave in Western Cape Province.
The Free State (Freistata; Vrystaat; iFreyistata; Foreistata; iFuleyisitata; before 1995, the Orange Free State) is a province of South Africa.