South Asia

SouthSouth AsianSouthern AsiaSouthernAsianSouth-AsianIndian subcontinentSouth-AsiasubcontinentIndian
South Asia or Southern Asia, is the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.wikipedia
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Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepali
Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. The current territories of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka form South Asia.
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
The current territories of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka form South Asia.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit.  "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia.

Bhutan

Kingdom of BhutanBhutaneseBootan
The current territories of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka form South Asia.
Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
The current territories of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka form South Asia. The Indus Valley Civilization, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of South Asia from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE in present-day Pakistan, India and Afghanistan, was the first major civilization in South Asia.
Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia.

East Asia

East AsianEastEastern Asia
South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by Western Asia, Central Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia.
North Asia borders East Asia's north, Southeast Asia the south, South Asia the southwest, and Central Asia the west.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

SAARCSouth Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic cooperation organisation in the region which was established in 1985 and includes all eight nations comprising South Asia.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia.

Western Asia

West AsiaSouthwest AsiaWest Asian
South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by Western Asia, Central Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia.
Central Asia lies to the northeast of Western Asia while South Asia lies to the east.

Central Asia

Central AsianCentralCentral Asian Republics
South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by Western Asia, Central Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia.
It has acted as a crossroads for the movement of people, goods, and ideas between Europe, Western Asia, South Asia, and East Asia.

Indian Plate

IndianIndiaIndia Plate
Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush.
The Indian Plate includes most of South Asia—i.e. the Indian subcontinent—and a portion of the basin under the Indian Ocean, including parts of South China and western Indonesia, and extending up to but not including Ladakh, Kohistan and Balochistan.

Greater India

IndianizedIndianized kingdomIndianized kingdoms
Geopolitically, it had formed the whole territory of Greater India,
The Indian cultural sphere or Indosphere is an area that is composed of the many countries and regions in South and Southeast Asia that were historically influenced by Indian culture and the Sanskrit language.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by Western Asia, Central Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia.
Eastern Bangladesh and Northeast India have strong cultural ties with Southeast Asia and are sometimes considered both South Asian and Southeast Asian.

Hindu Kush

HindukushHindu-KushHindu Kush Mountains
Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. The Indian Plate includes most of South Asia, forming a land mass which extends from the Himalayas into a portion of the basin under the Indian Ocean, including parts of South China and Eastern Indonesia, as well as Kunlun and Karakoram ranges, and extending up to but not including Ladakh, Kohistan, the Hindu Kush range and Balochistan.
The range and communities settled in it hosted ancient monasteries, important trade networks, and travellers between Central Asia and South Asia.

Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley CivilizationHarappanIndus Valley
The Indus Valley Civilization, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of South Asia from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE in present-day Pakistan, India and Afghanistan, was the first major civilization in South Asia.
The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE.

Indo-Aryan peoples

Indo-AryanIndo-AryansAryans
The Vedic period, named after the Vedic religion of the Indo-Aryans, lasted from c. 1900 to 500 BCE.
There are over one billion native speakers of Indo-Aryan languages, most of them native to the Indian subcontinent and presently found all across South Asia, where they form the majority.

Middle kingdoms of India

Classical IndiaClassical periodmiddle kingdoms
This region has also been labelled as "India" (in its classical and pre-modern sense), "Greater India", or as South Asia.
The Indo-Greek Kingdom covered various parts of the Northwestern South Asia during the last two centuries BCE, and was ruled by more than 30 Hellenistic kings, often in conflict with each other.

Maurya Empire

Mauryan EmpireMauryanMaurya
Later, the Maurya Empire extended over much of South Asia in the 3rd century BCE.
Comprising the majority of South Asia, the Maurya Empire was centralized by the conquest of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and its capital city was located at Pataliputra (modern Patna).

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
South Asia or Southern Asia, is the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

Muslims

MuslimMoslemMoslems
In 2010, South Asia had the world's largest populations of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains and Zoroastrians.
The word Mosalman (, alternatively Mussalman) is a common equivalent for Muslim used in Central and South Asia.

Mughal Empire

MughalMughalsMughal India
The death of Ibrahim Lodi ended the Delhi Sultanate, and the Mughal Empire replaced it.
The Mughal (or Moghul) Empire was an early-modern empire in South Asia.

List of continents by population

3rd6th1st
The population of South Asia is about 1.891 billion or about one fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
China and Myanmar have also applied for the status of full members of SAARC.
The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia.

Sindh

Sindh ProvinceSindSindh, Pakistan
Islam came as a political power in the fringe of South Asia in 8th century CE when the Arab general Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh, and Multan in Southern Punjab, in modern-day Pakistan.
In 712, Muhammad bin Qasim conquered the Sindh and Indus Valley, bringing South Asian societies into contact with Islam.

Bay of Bengal

Gulf of BengalHarkandBay of Bangal
It is surrounded by three water bodies – the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea – and has acutely varied climate zones.
There are countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal in South Asia and Southeast Asia.

Balochistan

BaluchistanBalochistan regionBaloch
The Indian Plate includes most of South Asia, forming a land mass which extends from the Himalayas into a portion of the basin under the Indian Ocean, including parts of South China and Eastern Indonesia, as well as Kunlun and Karakoram ranges, and extending up to but not including Ladakh, Kohistan, the Hindu Kush range and Balochistan.
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.

History of the world

modern historymodern erahuman history
The modern history period of South Asia, that is 16th-century onwards, witnessed the start of the Central Asian dynasty named the Mughals, with Turkish-Mongol roots and Sunni Islam theology.
In Asia, the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE) existed in present-day India; in the 3rd century BCE, most of South Asia was united to the Maurya Empire by Chandragupta Maurya and flourished under Ashoka the Great.