South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKORKoreanSouth KoreanKorea RepublicSouthROKKorea, Republic ofKorea, South
South Korea (Korean: ; RR: Hanguk or literally ; RR: Namhan; officially the Republic of Korea ; RR: Daehan Minguk) is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.wikipedia
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North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of KoreaNorthDPRK
South Korea (Korean: ; RR: Hanguk or literally ; RR: Namhan; officially the Republic of Korea ; RR: Daehan Minguk) is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea. In 1950, a North Korean invasion began the Korean War and after its end in 1953, the country's economy began to soar, recording the fastest rise in average GDP per capita in the world between 1980 and 1990. Despite the initial plan of a unified Korea in the 1943 Cairo Declaration, escalating Cold War antagonism between the Soviet Union and the United States eventually led to the establishment of separate governments, each with its own ideology, leading to the division of Korea into two political entities in 1948: North Korea and South Korea.
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers and to the south it is bordered by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.

Seoul

Seoul, South KoreaSeoul, KoreaHanseong
Its capital, Seoul, is a major global city and half of South Korea's over 51 million people live in the Seoul Capital Area, the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world.
Seoul (, like soul; 서울 ; ), officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea.

Korea

KoreanKorean PeninsulaSouth Korea
The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia under Gwanggaeto the Great.
Korea has been divided since 1948 between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea.

East Asia

East AsianEastEastern Asia
South Korea (Korean: ; RR: Hanguk or literally ; RR: Namhan; officially the Republic of Korea ; RR: Daehan Minguk) is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia under Gwanggaeto the Great.
States of East Asia include China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Chinese special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Revised Romanization of Korean

RRRevised RomanizationRomanized
South Korea (Korean: ; RR: Hanguk or literally ; RR: Namhan; officially the Republic of Korea ; RR: Daehan Minguk) is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.
The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
In 1950, a North Korean invasion began the Korean War and after its end in 1953, the country's economy began to soar, recording the fastest rise in average GDP per capita in the world between 1980 and 1990.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the support of the United Nations, principally from the United States).

K-pop

Korean popcomebackKorean pop music
Since the 21st century, South Korea has been renowned for its globally influential pop culture such as K-pop and TV dramas, a phenomenon referred to as the Korean Wave.
K-pop (abbreviation of Korean pop; ) is a genre of popular music originating in South Korea.

List of countries by Internet connection speeds

Internet connection speedList of countries by internet connection speed7th fastest internet
Its citizens enjoy the world's fastest Internet connection speeds along with the world's second best healthcare system, resulting in the third highest health adjusted life expectancy in the world.

Korean drama

South Korean television seriestelevision seriestelevision drama
Since the 21st century, South Korea has been renowned for its globally influential pop culture such as K-pop and TV dramas, a phenomenon referred to as the Korean Wave.
Korean dramas, or K-dramas, are television series in Korean language, made in South Korea.

List of countries by exports

Exportslargest exporterfourth-largest exporter
The world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, South Korea is a global leader in many technology and innovation driven fields.

List of countries by imports

Importsimporterlargest importer
The world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, South Korea is a global leader in many technology and innovation driven fields.

Korean Wave

HallyuHallyu WaveKorean culture
Since the 21st century, South Korea has been renowned for its globally influential pop culture such as K-pop and TV dramas, a phenomenon referred to as the Korean Wave.
Since the turn of the 21st century, South Korea has emerged as a major exporter of popular culture and tourism, aspects which have become a significant part of its burgeoning economy.

Gojoseon

Dangun JoseonFirst KingdomJoseon
Its first kingdom was noted in Chinese records in the early 7th century BC. The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon (also known as "Gojoseon", or Old Joseon, to differentiate it with the 14th century dynasty) in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology.
Today, the founding date of Gojoseon is officially celebrated as the National Foundation Day in North Korea and South Korea.

Korean independence movement

Korean independence activistanti-Japanese struggleKorean independence
There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea .
The date of the Surrender of Japan is an annual holiday called Gwangbokjeol ("Restoration of Light Day") in South Korea, and Chogukhaebangŭi nal ("Fatherland Liberation Day") in North Korea.

Korea under Japanese rule

KoreaJapanese KoreaJapanese occupation
The succeeding Korean Empire was annexed into the Empire of Japan in 1910.
In 1965, the Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and South Korea declared the unequal treaties between Japan and Korea, especially 1905 and 1910, were "already null and void" at the time of their promulgation.

Gyeongju

Gyeongju CityKyongjuGeumseong
Later Silla was a prosperous and wealthy country, and its metropolitan capital of Gyeongju was the fourth largest city in the world.
Gyeongju, historically known as Seorabeol, is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea.

Development Assistance Committee

DACDevelopment Assistance Committee (DAC)donor
South Korea is a member of the OECD's Development Assistance Committee, the G20 and the Paris Club.

Developed country

developed countriesdeveloped worlddeveloped
South Korea is a highly developed country and the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP.
In 2017, the ten largest advanced economies by GDP in both nominal and PPP terms were Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Three Kingdoms of Korea

Three KingdomsThree Kingdoms periodKorea
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea into Silla and Balhae in the late 7th century, Korea was ruled by the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392) and the Joseon dynasty (1392–1897).
The "Han" in the names of the Korean Empire, Daehan Jeguk, and the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Daehan Minguk or Hanguk, are named in reference to the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Korean reunification

reunificationreunification of KoreaKorean unification
Despite the initial plan of a unified Korea in the 1943 Cairo Declaration, escalating Cold War antagonism between the Soviet Union and the United States eventually led to the establishment of separate governments, each with its own ideology, leading to the division of Korea into two political entities in 1948: North Korea and South Korea.
Korean reunification refers to the potential reunification of North Korea and South Korea into a single Korean sovereign state.

Syngman Rhee

Rhee Syng-manRhee SyngmanRhee
In the South, Syngman Rhee, an opponent of communism, who had been backed and appointed by the United States as head of the provisional government, won the first presidential elections of the newly declared Republic of Korea in May.
Syngman Rhee (이승만, ; 26 March 1875 – 19 July 1965) was a South Korean politician who served as the first president of South Korea from 1948 to 1960.

History of Korea

Korean historyKoreaancient Korea
The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon (also known as "Gojoseon", or Old Joseon, to differentiate it with the 14th century dynasty) in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology.
The peninsula was divided at the 38th Parallel: the "Republic of Korea" was created in the south, with the backing of the US and Western Europe, and the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" in the north, with the backing of the Soviets and the communist People's Republic of China.

Hwangnyongsa

Hwangnyong TempleHwangnyongsa PagodaHwangnyongsa Wooden nine-story pagoda
Later Silla was a golden age of art and culture, as evidenced by the Hwangnyongsa, Seokguram, and Emille Bell.
Hwangnyongsa, or Hwangnyong Temple (also spelled Hwangryongsa) is the name of a former Buddhist temple in the city of Gyeongju, South Korea.

Park Chung-hee

Park Chung HeePark Jung-HeeChung Hee Park
This instability was broken by the May 16, 1961, coup led by General Park Chung-hee.
Park Chung-hee (14 November 1917 – 26 October 1979) was a South Korean politician and general who served as the President of South Korea from 1963 until his assassination in 1979, assuming that office after first ruling the country as head of a military dictatorship installed by the May 16 military coup d'état in 1961.

Fourth Republic of Korea

South KoreaYushin ConstitutionFourth Republic
Park was heavily criticized as a ruthless military dictator, who in 1972 extended his rule by creating a new constitution, which gave the president sweeping (almost dictatorial) powers and permitted him to run for an unlimited number of six-year terms.
The Fourth Republic of Korea was the government of South Korea from November 1972 to March 1981.