South Korea

🇰🇷KoreaKORKoreanRepublic of KoreaSouth KoreanSouthROKKorea, Republic ofSouth Korea (Republic of Korea)
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland.wikipedia
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Seoul

Seoul, South KoreaHanseongHanyang
Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million.
Seoul (, like soul; 서울 ; ), officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea.

East Asia

Easteastern AsiaEastern
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland.
Geographically and geopolitically, the region constitutes China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, and South Korea.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanthe Korean War
The Korean War began in June 1950 when forces from North Korea invaded South Korea.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

Park Chung-hee

Park Chung HeeParkPak Chung Hee
Under long-time military leader Park Chung-hee, the South Korean economy grew significantly and the country was transformed into a G-20 major economy. A period of political instability followed, broken by General Park Chung-hee's May 16 coup against the weak and ineffectual government the next year.
Park Chung-hee (14 November 1917 – 26 October 1979) was a South Korean politician and general who served as the President of South Korea from 1963 until his assassination in 1979, assuming that office after first ruling the country as head of a military dictatorship installed by the May 16 coup in 1961.

North Korea

🇰🇵NorthDemocratic People's Republic of Korea
The Korean War began in June 1950 when forces from North Korea invaded South Korea. A separate election was held in the U.S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea (ROK), while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) was established in the Soviet zone. Despite the initial plan of a unified Korea in the 1943 Cairo Declaration, escalating Cold War antagonism between the Soviet Union and the United States eventually led to the establishment of separate governments, each with its own ideology, leading to the division of Korea into two political entities in 1948: North Korea and South Korea.
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.

1948 South Korean Constitutional Assembly election

general election194810 May 1948
A separate election was held in the U.S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea (ROK), while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) was established in the Soviet zone.
Constitutional Assembly elections were held in South Korea on 10 May 1948.

Administrative divisions of South Korea

Administrative divisionscountycity
Military rule ended in 1987, and the country is now a presidential republic consisting of 17 administrative divisions.
South Korea is made up of 17 first-tier administrative divisions: 6 metropolitan cities (gwangyeoksi 광역시/廣域市), 1 special city (teukbyeolsi 특별시/特別市), 1 special autonomous city (teukbyeol-jachisi 특별자치시/特別自治市), and 9 provinces (do 도/道), including one special autonomous province (teukbyeol jachido 특별자치도/特別自治道).

Korean Demilitarized Zone

Demilitarized ZoneDMZKorean DMZ
The border between the two nations remains the most heavily fortified in the world.
It is established by the provisions of the Korean Armistice Agreement to serve as a buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea.

Korea under Japanese rule

KoreaJapanese occupationJapanese rule
It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910.
The manner of the acceleration of industrialization under Japanese occupation, especially the use of industrialization solely for the purposes of benefiting Japan, the exploitation of the Korean people in their own country, the marginalization of Korean history and culture, the environmental exploitation of the Korean Peninsula, and its long-term negative repercussions for modern-day North and South Koreas are among the most provocative aspects of the controversy.

List of countries by exports

ExportsLargest exporterthird-largest exporter
South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer.

List of countries by imports

ImportsimporterLargest importer
South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer.

Gojoseon

JoseonKingdom of Gojoseonan older dynasty
The history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period.
Today, the founding date of Gojoseon is officially celebrated as the National Foundation Day in North Korea and South Korea.

Gyeongju

SeorabeolGyeongju, South KoreaDongyang
Later Silla was a prosperous and wealthy country, and its metropolitan capital of Gyeongju was the fourth largest city in the world.
Gyeongju, historically known as Seorabeol, is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea.

List of countries by GDP (PPP)

GDP (PPP)GDP (per capita)PPP
The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP.

History of Korea

Korean historyKoreaKorean
The history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period.
The peninsula was divided at the 38th Parallel: the "Republic of Korea" was created in the south, with the backing of the US and Western Europe, and the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" in the north, with the backing of the Soviets and the communist People's Republic of China.

Developed country

developed countriesdeveloped worlddeveloped
South Korea is a highly developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world.
In 2017, the ten largest advanced economies by GDP in both nominal and PPP terms were Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Economic rank, by nominal GDP (2007)GDP (nominal)Nominal GDP
The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP.

Korean independence movement

Korean independence activistanti-Japanese struggleKorean independence
There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea .
The date of the Surrender of Japan is an annual holiday called Gwangbokjeol ("Restoration of Light Day") in South Korea, and Chogukhaebangŭi nal ("Fatherland Liberation Day") in North Korea.

List of countries by Human Development Index

Human Development Indexvery high standard of living15th least developed country in the world
South Korea is a highly developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world.

Three Kingdoms of Korea

Three KingdomsThree Kingdoms periodKorea
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Unified Silla in CE 668, Korea was subsequently ruled by the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392) and the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910).
The "Han" in the names of the Korean Empire, Daehan Jeguk, and the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Daehan Minguk or Hanguk, are named in reference to the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Korean reunification

reunificationreunification of Koreaunification
Despite the initial plan of a unified Korea in the 1943 Cairo Declaration, escalating Cold War antagonism between the Soviet Union and the United States eventually led to the establishment of separate governments, each with its own ideology, leading to the division of Korea into two political entities in 1948: North Korea and South Korea.
Korean reunification refers to the potential reunification of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea), the Republic of Korea (commonly known as South Korea), and the Korean Demilitarized Zone under a single government.

Hwangnyongsa

Hwangnyong TempleHwangnyongsa PagodaHwangnyongsa Wooden nine-story pagoda
Later Silla was a golden age of art and culture, as evidenced by the Hwangnyongsa, Seokguram, and Emille Bell.
Hwangnyongsa, or Hwangnyong Temple (also spelled Hwangryongsa) is the name of a former Buddhist temple in the city of Gyeongju, South Korea.

Economy of South Korea

South KoreaKorean economythe nation
Its export-driven economy primarily focuses production on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics. However, the Korean economy developed significantly during Park's tenure and the government developed the nationwide expressway system, the Seoul subway system, and laid the foundation for economic development during his 17-year tenure.
The economy of South Korea is the 4th largest in Asia and the 11th largest in the world.

Expressways in South Korea

expressway in South Koreaexpresswaysexpressway
However, the Korean economy developed significantly during Park's tenure and the government developed the nationwide expressway system, the Seoul subway system, and laid the foundation for economic development during his 17-year tenure.
Expressways in South Korea, officially called as National expressways, were originally numbered in order of construction.

May 16 coup

military coup1961–1963coup d'état
A period of political instability followed, broken by General Park Chung-hee's May 16 coup against the weak and ineffectual government the next year.
The May 16 military coup d'état was a military coup d'état in South Korea in 1961, organized and carried out by Park Chung-hee and his allies who formed the Military Revolutionary Committee, nominally led by Army Chief of Staff Chang Do-yong after the latter's acquiescence on the day of the coup.