South Korea and weapons of mass destruction

South KoreaSouth Korean nuclear research programssecret nuclear weapons program
South Korea has the raw materials and equipment to produce a nuclear weapon but has not opted to make one.wikipedia
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South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
In August 2004, South Korea revealed the extent of its highly secretive and sensitive nuclear research programs to the IAEA, including some experiments which were conducted without the obligatory reporting to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) called for by South Korea's safeguards agreement.

International Atomic Energy Agency

IAEAInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency
In August 2004, South Korea revealed the extent of its highly secretive and sensitive nuclear research programs to the IAEA, including some experiments which were conducted without the obligatory reporting to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) called for by South Korea's safeguards agreement. Following its accession to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1985, the government of North Korea had cited the presence of US tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea as a reason to avoid completing a safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

North Korea and weapons of mass destruction

North KoreaNorth Korea's nuclear programnuclear weapons program
By contrast, North Korea has and is developing additional nuclear weapons.

United States Forces Korea

U.S. Forces KoreaUSFKUS Forces Korea
When the United States notified the South Korean administration of its plan to withdraw USFK in July 1970, South Korea first considered the possibility of an independent nuclear program.

Plutonium

Puplutonium-239 239 Pu
Under the direction of South Korea's Weapons Exploitation Committee, the country attempted to obtain plutonium reprocessing facilities following the pullout of the 26,000 American soldiers of the 7th Infantry Division in 1971.

Nuclear reprocessing

reprocessingnuclear fuel reprocessingreprocessed
Under the direction of South Korea's Weapons Exploitation Committee, the country attempted to obtain plutonium reprocessing facilities following the pullout of the 26,000 American soldiers of the 7th Infantry Division in 1971.

7th Infantry Division (United States)

7th Infantry Division7th Division7th
Under the direction of South Korea's Weapons Exploitation Committee, the country attempted to obtain plutonium reprocessing facilities following the pullout of the 26,000 American soldiers of the 7th Infantry Division in 1971.

Park Chung-hee

Park Chung HeePark Jung-HeeChung Hee Park
After South Vietnam had fallen in April 1975, then South Korean president Park Chung-hee first mentioned its nuclear weapons aspiration during the press conference on 12 June 1975.

Uranium

UU 2 U(VI)
Later, in an experiment at the same facility in 2000, scientists enriched 200 milligrams of uranium to near-weapons grade (up to 77 percent) using laser enrichment.

Isotope separation

electromagnetic separationisotopic separationenriched
Later, in an experiment at the same facility in 2000, scientists enriched 200 milligrams of uranium to near-weapons grade (up to 77 percent) using laser enrichment.

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Non-Proliferation TreatyNon-Proliferation TreatyNPT
Following its accession to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1985, the government of North Korea had cited the presence of US tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea as a reason to avoid completing a safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of KoreaNorthDPRK
Following its accession to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1985, the government of North Korea had cited the presence of US tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea as a reason to avoid completing a safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

George H. W. Bush

George H.W. BushBushGeorge Bush
In 1991, President George H W Bush announced the withdrawal of all naval and land-based tactical nuclear weapons deployed abroad, including approximately 100 such weapons based in South Korea.

Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula

Declaration on the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula
In January 1992, the governments of North and South Korea signed a Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and in January 1992, the North concluded a comprehensive safeguards agreement with the IAEA.

Chung Hong-won

Jung Hong-wonPrime Minister Chung Hong-won
In 2013, South Korean Prime Minister Chung Hong-won rejected calls to again station American tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea.

Tactical nuclear weapon

tactical nuclear weaponstacticaltactical nuclear
Following its accession to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1985, the government of North Korea had cited the presence of US tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea as a reason to avoid completing a safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency. In 2013, South Korean Prime Minister Chung Hong-won rejected calls to again station American tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea.

2017–18 North Korea crisis

2017 North Korea crisisNorth Korean crisisEscalating tensions
In 2017, during a period of unusually high tension, the South Korean defence minister suggested it was worth reviewing the redeployment of U.S. nuclear weapons to the Korean Peninsula.

Ministry of National Defense (South Korea)

Ministry of National DefenseMinister of National DefenseSouth Korean Ministry of National Defense
In 2017, during a period of unusually high tension, the South Korean defence minister suggested it was worth reviewing the redeployment of U.S. nuclear weapons to the Korean Peninsula.

Hyunmoo

Hyunmoo-2Hyunmoo-1Baekgom
South Korea does not have any ICBMs but possesses a wide range of SRBM and MRBMs through the Hyunmoo series of ballistic/cruise missiles currently fielded to the ROK Army. Seoul agreed to not extended range of the missile beyond 180 km under South Korea Ballistic Missile Range Guidelines with the U.S with development of its successor NHK-2 that was tested in October 1982 with development being halted in 1984 until resumption couple years later with completion in 1987 when it entered service, its guidance system was supplied by United Kingdom.

Nuclear engineering

nuclear engineernuclearengineering
According to Suh Kune-yull, a professor of nuclear engineering at Seoul National University, “If we decide to stand on our own feet and put our resources together, we can build nuclear weapons in six months”.

Seoul National University

Seoul UniversitySeoul National University PressSNU
According to Suh Kune-yull, a professor of nuclear engineering at Seoul National University, “If we decide to stand on our own feet and put our resources together, we can build nuclear weapons in six months”.

South Korea Ballistic Missile Range Guidelines

Seoul agreed to not extended range of the missile beyond 180 km under South Korea Ballistic Missile Range Guidelines with the U.S with development of its successor NHK-2 that was tested in October 1982 with development being halted in 1984 until resumption couple years later with completion in 1987 when it entered service, its guidance system was supplied by United Kingdom.

Missile Technology Control Regime

MTCRexport controlsMTCL
In 1995 South Korea requested permission to have 300 km range missiles from the US in line with MTCR with request in 1999 for expansion to 500 km.

Nuclear power in South Korea

South Koreaconstruction on nuclear reactorsnuclear power plants