Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast AsianSoutheastSoutheastern AsiaSouth East AsianSouth-East AsianSouth-Eastern AsiaSE Asiasoutheastern
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions that are geographically south of China, east of India and Bangladesh, north of Australia, and west of New Guinea.wikipedia
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Thailand

ThaiSiamTHA
By the 19th century, all Southeast Asian countries were colonised except for Thailand.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
The Indian Chola navy crossed the ocean and attacked the Srivijaya kingdom of Sangrama Vijayatungavarman in Kadaram (Kedah); the capital of the powerful maritime kingdom was sacked and the king was taken captive.
In south India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of southeast Asia.

Cambodia

Kingdom of CambodiaKampucheaKhmer
Cambodia (also Kampuchea ; កម្ពុជា ; Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, ; Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Solheim and others have shown evidence for a Nusantao (Nusantara) maritime trading network ranging from Vietnam to the rest of the archipelago as early as 5000 BC to 1 AD.
Vietnam (Việt Nam ), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is the easternmost country on the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula.

Laos

LaotianLao People's Democratic RepublicLao
Laos (, ; ລາວ, Lāo ), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia.

Mainland Southeast Asia

IndochinaIndo-ChinaIndochinese
The mainland section of Southeast Asia was referred to as Indochina by European geographers due to its location between China and the Indian subcontinent and its having cultural influences from both neighboring regions. Southeast Asia is geographically divided into two subregions, namely Mainland Southeast Asia (or Indochina) and Maritime Southeast Asia (or the similarly defined Malay Archipelago) (Nusantara).
Mainland Southeast Asia (or the Indochinese Peninsula) is the continental portion of Southeast Asia.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
SEAC popularised the use of the term "Southeast Asia," although what constituted Southeast Asia was not fixed; for example, SEAC excluded the Philippines and a large part of Indonesia while including Ceylon.
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

Maritime Southeast Asia

Insular Southeast AsiaIsland South East AsiaMaritime South East Asia
Southeast Asia is geographically divided into two subregions, namely Mainland Southeast Asia (or Indochina) and Maritime Southeast Asia (or the similarly defined Malay Archipelago) (Nusantara).
Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia (as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia) and comprises the countries of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and East Timor.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
SEAC popularised the use of the term "Southeast Asia," although what constituted Southeast Asia was not fixed; for example, SEAC excluded the Philippines and a large part of Indonesia while including Ceylon.
The Philippines ( or Filipinas ), officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

Singapore

Republic of SingaporeSingapore CitySingaporean
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in Southeast Asia.

Brunei

Brunei DarussalamBruneianNegara Brunei Darussalam
Records from Magellan's voyage show that Brunei possessed more cannon than European ships, so the Chinese must have been trading with them.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: نڬارا بروني دارالسلام), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

East Timor

Timor-LesteTimor LesteDemocratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Ten of the eleven states of Southeast Asia are members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), while East Timor is an observer state.
East Timor or Timor-Leste (Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a country in Southeast Asia.

Sunda Plate

SundaIndochina BlockIndochina
The Sunda Plate is the main plate of the region, featuring almost all Southeast Asian countries except Myanmar, northern Thailand, northern Laos, northern Vietnam, and northern Luzon of the Philippines.
The Sunda Plate is a minor tectonic plate straddling the equator in the eastern hemisphere on which the majority of Southeast Asia is located.

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Cocos IslandsCocos-Keeling IslandsCocos Keeling Islands
It is part of Southeast Asia and is in the Southern Hemisphere.

French Indochina

IndochinaFrench Indo-ChinaFrench colonial rule
In the 20th century, however, the term became more restricted to territories of the former French Indochina (Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam).
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise; Vietnamese: Liên bang Đông Dương) from 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.

East Indies

IndiesEastEast Indian
The region, together with part of South Asia, was well known by Europeans as the East Indies or simply the Indies until the 20th century.
The East Indies or the Indies are the lands of South (Indian subcontinent) and Southeast Asia.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Human habitation of the Australian continent is known to have begun at least 65,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia.

Nanyang (region)

NanyangSouth SeasChinese diaspora in Southeast Asia
Chinese sources referred the region as 南洋 (Nanyang), which literally means the "Southern Ocean."
Nanyang is a sinocentric Chinese term for the warmer and fertile geographical region along the Southern coastal regions of China and beyond, otherwise known as the 'South Sea' or Southeast Asia.

Myanmar

BurmaBurmeseBurma (Myanmar)
Myanmar (English pronunciation below; မြန်မာ ), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
It is the most populous region of the country, one of the most populous urban areas in the world, and is one of the wealthiest regions in Southeast Asia .The city proper is home to people in, and is the historic core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its administrative limits.

Northeast India

North-East IndiaNorth East IndiaNortheastern India
Eastern Bangladesh and Northeast India have strong cultural ties with Southeast Asia and are sometimes considered both South Asian and Southeast Asian.
The earliest settlers may have been Austroasiatic languages speakers from Southeast Asia, followed by Tibeto-Burmese from China and by 500 B.C. Indo-Aryans speakers from Gangetic Plains.

Northern Mariana Islands

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern MarianasNorthern Marianas Islands
The rest of the island of New Guinea which is not part of Indonesia, namely, Papua New Guinea, is sometimes included, and so are Palau, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands, which were all part of the Spanish East Indies with strong cultural and linguistic ties to the region, specifically, the Philippines.
The first people to reach the Mariana Islands arrived at some point between 4000 BC and 2000 BC from Southeast Asia.

Sri Lanka

CeylonCeyloneseDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
SEAC popularised the use of the term "Southeast Asia," although what constituted Southeast Asia was not fixed; for example, SEAC excluded the Philippines and a large part of Indonesia while including Ceylon.
Succeeding kingdoms of Sri Lanka would maintain many Buddhist schools and monasteries and support the propagation of Buddhism into other countries in Southeast Asia.

Bay of Bengal

Gulf of BengalHarkandBay of Bangal
It then spread into Southeast Asia via Bay of Bengal, Indochina, then Malay Archipelago, leading to thousands of Shiva temples on the islands of Indonesia as well as Cambodia and Vietnam, co-evolving with Buddhism in the region.
There are countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal in South Asia and Southeast Asia.