Southern Athabaskan languages

Southern AthabaskanApacheSouthern Athabaskan languageApache languageApache languagesSouthern Athabascan languagesApachean languagesSouthernSouthern AthabascanApachean
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.wikipedia
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Athabaskan languages

AthabaskanAthabascanAthabaskan language
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.
For detailed lists including languages, dialects, and subdialects, see the respective articles on the three major groups: Northern Athabaskan, Pacific Coast Athabaskan, Southern Athabaskan.

Apache

ApachesApache IndiansApachean
Those languages are spoken by various groups of Apache and Navajo peoples.
Distant cousins of the Apache are the Navajo, with which they share the Southern Athabaskan languages.

Arizona

AZState of ArizonaArizona, U.S.
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.

Navajo language

NavajoNavajo alphabetMode and Aspect
Manuelito spoke Navajo and is famous for his leadership during and after the Long Walk of the Navajo. The Western subgroup consists of Western Apache, Navajo, Mescalero, and Chiricahua. One can expect minor variations for other related languages (such as Navajo, Jicarilla, Chiricahua).
Navajo or Navaho (Navajo: Diné bizaad or Naabeehó bizaad ) is a Southern Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené family, by which it is related to languages spoken across the western areas of North America.

Plains Apache

Kiowa ApacheKiowa-ApacheApache
Plains Apache is the only member of the Plains Apache group.
The Plains Apache are a small Southern Athabaskan group who traditionally live on the Southern Plains of North America, in close association with the linguistically unrelated Kiowa nation, and today are centered in Southwestern Oklahoma and Northern Texas.

Western Apache language

Western ApacheSan Carlos Apache Tribe's Language Preservation ProgramApache
The Western subgroup consists of Western Apache, Navajo, Mescalero, and Chiricahua.

Mescalero

Mescalero ApacheMescalero ApachesMescalero Apache Reservation
The Western subgroup consists of Western Apache, Navajo, Mescalero, and Chiricahua.
Mescalero or Mescalero Apache is an Apache tribe of Southern Athabaskan Native Americans.

Jicarilla language

JicarillaJicarilla Apacheapj
The Eastern subgroup consists of Jicarilla and Lipan.
Jicarilla is an Eastern Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Jicarilla Apache.

Lipan Apache people

Lipan ApacheLipanLipan Apaches
The Eastern subgroup consists of Jicarilla and Lipan.
Lipan Apache are Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) Native Americans whose traditional territory includes present-day Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and the northern Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Tamaulipas, prior to the 17th century.

Chiricahua

Chiricahua ApacheChiricahua ApachesWarm Springs Apache
The Western subgroup consists of Western Apache, Navajo, Mescalero, and Chiricahua. One can expect minor variations for other related languages (such as Navajo, Jicarilla, Chiricahua).
Many other bands and groups of Apachean language-speakers ranged over eastern Arizona and the American Southwest.

Plains Apache language

Plains ApacheKiowa Apache languageapk
I. Plains Apache ( Kiowa–Apache) (in Apache: Naishan)
The Plains Apache language (or Kiowa Apache) is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Plains Apache peoples living primarily in central Oklahoma.

Mescalero-Chiricahua language

ChiricahuaMescaleroMescalero-Chiricahua
Geronimo (Goyaałé) who spoke Chiricahua was a famous raider and war leader.
Mescalero-Chiricahua (also known as Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache) is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Mescalero and the Chiricahua tribes in Oklahoma and New Mexico.

Tonto Apache

TontoDilzhe'e ApacheTonto Apache Reservation
The term is also used for their dialect, one of the three dialects of the Western Apache language (a Southern Athabaskan language).

Harry Hoijer

Hoijer, HarryHoijerHoijer, Harry.
The seven Southern Athabaskan languages can be divided into two groups according to the classification of Harry Hoijer: (I) Plains and (II) Southwestern.
Hoijer contributed greatly to the documentation of the Southern and Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages and to the reconstruction of proto-Athabaskan.

Jicarilla Apache

JicarillaJicarilla Apache NationJicarilla Apache Indian Reservation
One can expect minor variations for other related languages (such as Navajo, Jicarilla, Chiricahua).
Jicarilla Apache, one of several loosely organized autonomous bands of the Eastern Apache, refers to the members of the Jicarilla Apache Nation currently living in New Mexico and speaking a Southern Athabaskan language.

Lipan language

Lipan ApacheLipanLipan Apache language
Lipan is an Eastern Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Lipan Apache.

Western Apache people

Western ApacheApacheSan Carlos Apache
The following description will concentrate on Western Apache.
The various dialects of Western Apache (called by them Ndee biyati' / Nnee biyati') are a form of Apachean, a branch of the Southern Athabaskan language family.

Tone (linguistics)

tonetonal languagetones
Southern Athabaskan languages are tonal languages.
The Southern Athabascan languages that include the Navajo and Apache languages are tonal, and are analyzed as having two tones: high and low.

San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation

San Carlos ReservationSan Carlos ApacheSan Carlos Indian Reservation

Southwestern United States

American SouthwestSouthwestSouthwestern
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.

New Mexico

NMState of New MexicoNew Mexican
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.

Colorado

State of ColoradoCOColorado, USA
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.

Utah

UTState of UtahUtah, U.S.
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.

Oklahoma

OKState of OklahomaOklahoma, USA
Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) is a subfamily of Athabaskan languages spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States (including Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah) with two outliers in Oklahoma and Texas.