Southern Cone

Cono SurSouthern South AmericaSouthernCono Sur RegionProvince of the Southern Cone of AmericarangeSouthern Cone countriesSouthern Cone regionsouthern South America (or Southern Cone)Southern South America: Southern Cone
The Southern Cone (Cono Sur, Cone Sul) is a geographic and cultural region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, south of and around the Tropic of Capricorn.wikipedia
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South America

South AmericanSouthSouth-America
The Southern Cone (Cono Sur, Cone Sul) is a geographic and cultural region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, south of and around the Tropic of Capricorn. While its 4 southernmost states (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and São Paulo) share the same characteristics with Argentina, Chile and Uruguay: high standard of living, subtropical and temperate climate, high levels of industrialization and strong European ethnic component due to immigration, the other states are more similar to the other South American countries in these issues.
The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil).

Argentina

ArgentineARGArgentinian
Traditionally, it covers Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which is the continental area closest to Antarctica (separated by 960 km).
Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south.

Latin America

Latin AmericanLatin-AmericaCentral and South America
High life expectancy, the highest Human Development Index of Latin America, high standard of living, low fertility rates, significant participation in the global markets and the emerging economy of its members make the Southern Cone the most prosperous macro-region in Latin America.
If defined as all of the Americas south of the United States, the basic geographical subregions are North America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America; the latter contains further politico-geographical subdivisions such as the Southern Cone, the Guianas and the Andean states.

Chile

Republic of ChileChileanCHI
Traditionally, it covers Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which is the continental area closest to Antarctica (separated by 960 km).
A long and narrow coastal Southern Cone country on the west side of the Andes Mountains, Chile stretches over 4300 km north to south, but only 350 km at its widest point east to west.

Montevideo

Montevideo, UruguayMonte VideoDistrito Capital
Uruguay's capital and largest city, Montevideo, has 1.8 million, and it receives many visitors on ferry boats across the Río de la Plata from Buenos Aires, 50 km away.
The Bay of Montevideo forms a natural harbour, the nation's largest and one of the largest in the Southern Cone, and the finest natural port in the region, functioning as a crucial component of the Uruguayan economy and foreign trade.

Mate (drink)

matematéchimarrão
Mate is popular throughout the Southern Cone.
Throughout the Southern Cone, it is considered to be a tradition taken from the gauchos orvaqueros, terms commonly used to describe the old residents of the South American pampas, chacos, or Patagonian grasslands, found principally in parts of Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, southeastern Bolivia, southern Chile and southern Brazil.

Gaucho

gauchosgaúchogauchesque
The asado developed from the horsemen and cattle culture of the region, more specifically from the gauchos of Argentina, Uruguay and Southern Brazil (and Southern Chile) and the huasos of Chile.
During the wars of the 19th century in the Southern Cone, the cavalries on all sides were composed almost entirely of gauchos.

Pampas

Pampapampa regionPampean
The prairies region of central Argentina, Uruguay and southern Brazil is known as the Pampas.

Anglican Church of South America

Anglican Church of the Southern Cone of AmericaProtestantsAnglican Province of the Southern Cone
Religions include Islam, Anglicanism, Lutheranism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Buddhism, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Daoism.
In 1981, the five dioceses of Argentina (at the time including Uruguay, which became an independent diocese only in 1988 ), Northern Argentina, Peru and Bolivia (separated into two dioceses subsequent to 1988), Chile, and Paraguay came together to form the Province of the Southern Cone.

Operation Condor

Operation ''CondorCondorinter-state collaboration
Around the 1970s, these regimes collaborated in Plan Cóndor against leftist opposition, including urban guerrillas.
Operation Condor (Operación Cóndor, also known as Plan Cóndor; Operação Condor) was a United States-backed campaign of political repression and state terror involving intelligence operations and assassination of opponents, officially and formally implemented in November 1975 by the right-wing dictatorships of the Southern Cone of South America.

Rio Grande do Sul

RSRio Grande do Sul stateRio Grande do Sol
While its 4 southernmost states (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and São Paulo) share the same characteristics with Argentina, Chile and Uruguay: high standard of living, subtropical and temperate climate, high levels of industrialization and strong European ethnic component due to immigration, the other states are more similar to the other South American countries in these issues.
There are also international flights with direct connections to cities of the Southern Cone.

German Brazilians

GermanGerman-BrazilianGerman Brazilian
brought more European and northern Middle Eastern components to the local population – mainly Spaniards in Chile, Italians and Spaniards in Argentina and Uruguay, Italians in São Paulo, Italians, Germans and Poles in southern Brazil.
Southern Brazil was a land of gauchos, cattle herders who lived, and still live, in the Pampas region of the Southern Cone.

Patagonia

PatagonianChilean PatagoniaArgentine Patagonia
The first is primarily spoken in Araucanía and adjacent areas of Patagonia, in southern Argentina and Chile.

Americas

Americathe AmericasAmerican
Uruguay, where agnosticism and atheism is common, has a policy of strong separation of church and state; it is one of the most secular countries in the Americas.

Tropic of Capricorn

Capricorn23.44° southsouth
The Southern Cone (Cono Sur, Cone Sul) is a geographic and cultural region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, south of and around the Tropic of Capricorn.

Uruguay

UruguayanOriental Republic of UruguayRepublic of Uruguay
Traditionally, it covers Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which is the continental area closest to Antarctica (separated by 960 km). Uruguay, where agnosticism and atheism is common, has a policy of strong separation of church and state; it is one of the most secular countries in the Americas.

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
Traditionally, it covers Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which is the continental area closest to Antarctica (separated by 960 km).

Atlantic Ocean

AtlanticNorth AtlanticNorth Atlantic Ocean
Traditionally, it covers Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which is the continental area closest to Antarctica (separated by 960 km).

Antarctica

AntarcticAntarctic continentReference Elevation Model of Antarctica
Traditionally, it covers Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which is the continental area closest to Antarctica (separated by 960 km).

São Paulo (state)

São PauloSão Paulo stateSP
While its 4 southernmost states (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and São Paulo) share the same characteristics with Argentina, Chile and Uruguay: high standard of living, subtropical and temperate climate, high levels of industrialization and strong European ethnic component due to immigration, the other states are more similar to the other South American countries in these issues. brought more European and northern Middle Eastern components to the local population – mainly Spaniards in Chile, Italians and Spaniards in Argentina and Uruguay, Italians in São Paulo, Italians, Germans and Poles in southern Brazil. In terms of social, economic and political geography, the Southern Cone comprises Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Southern Brazil and the Brazilian state of São Paulo (but not all of Southeastern Brazil).

Southeast Region, Brazil

SoutheastSoutheast regionSoutheast Brazil
In terms of social, economic and political geography, the Southern Cone comprises Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Southern Brazil and the Brazilian state of São Paulo (but not all of Southeastern Brazil).

Paraguay

ParaguayanRepublic of ParaguayEstablished
In its broadest definition, the Southern Cone also includes Paraguay (because of the common history and geography).

Life expectancy

lifespanlife spanlife expectancies
High life expectancy, the highest Human Development Index of Latin America, high standard of living, low fertility rates, significant participation in the global markets and the emerging economy of its members make the Southern Cone the most prosperous macro-region in Latin America.

Human Development Index

HDIhuman developmentUN Human Development Index
High life expectancy, the highest Human Development Index of Latin America, high standard of living, low fertility rates, significant participation in the global markets and the emerging economy of its members make the Southern Cone the most prosperous macro-region in Latin America.

Standard of living

living standardsstandards of livingliving standard
High life expectancy, the highest Human Development Index of Latin America, high standard of living, low fertility rates, significant participation in the global markets and the emerging economy of its members make the Southern Cone the most prosperous macro-region in Latin America. While its 4 southernmost states (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and São Paulo) share the same characteristics with Argentina, Chile and Uruguay: high standard of living, subtropical and temperate climate, high levels of industrialization and strong European ethnic component due to immigration, the other states are more similar to the other South American countries in these issues.