A report on Southwestern United States

Panoramic view of the southwestern United States
The Chihuahuan desert terrain mainly consists of basins broken by numerous small mountain ranges.
Saguaro cactus in the Sonoran Desert.
The Delicate Arch at Arches National Park
Four Corners Monument
Ancestral Puebloans ruins at Chaco Canyon
Map of Paleo-Indians in the American Southwest and Mexico
Oraibi pueblo
Narváez expedition (1528–36)
1846 map: Mexican Alta California (Upper California) in pink.
United States 1849–1850
United States 1850–1853
1860 Colorado Territory map
Utah Territory evolution 1850–1868
Confederate Arizona (outlined in blue)
Split of Arizona and New Mexico territories, in 1866, after small portion ceded to Nevada
The second transcontinental railroad: the "Santa Fe Route" – 1891.
Sandia Peak Ski Area, New Mexico
Map of the Southwestern United States as defined by the Learning Center of the American Southwest
The Wigwam. A dwelling used by various Native American tribes among the Southwestern US.
Fanciful drawing by Marguerite Martyn in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch of October 21, 1906, headed "Passing of the Country Store in the Southwest"
A Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia)
The High Plains in Eastern New Mexico, but also located in Eastern Colorado and West Texas
Desert bighorn sheep
Sonoran Desert terrain near Tucson
Chihuahuan Desert terrain near Carlsbad
Monument Canyon, some of the high desert lands found in Colorado
Grand Canyon from the South Rim
White Sands National Park, New Mexico
Little Finland in Gold Butte National Monument, Nevada
Runningback Josh Jacobs of the Las Vegas Raiders NFL team
T. J. McFarland pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks professional baseball team.
1. Phoenix (also the largest MSA)
2. El Paso (5th largest MSA)
3. Las Vegas (2nd largest MSA)
4. Albuquerque (also the 4th largest MSA)
5. Tucson (3rd largest MSA)

Geographic and cultural region of the United States that generally includes Arizona, New Mexico, and adjacent portions of California, Colorado, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah.

- Southwestern United States

125 related topics with Alpha

Overall

New Mexico

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Wheeler Peak in the Sangre de Cristo Range
Puebloan ruins at Chaco Canyon
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
White Sands National Park
Rio Grande Gorge and Bridge
Shiprock
Köppen climate types of New Mexico, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Greater roadrunner (the state bird of New Mexico)
Ancestral Pueblo territory shown in pink over New Mexico
Statue of Popé, leader of the Pueblo Revolt. The statue, entitled Po'pay, is among two statues depicting New Mexicans at the United States Capitol National Statuary Hall Collection, the other being Dennis Chávez.
Territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México when it belonged to Mexico in 1824
"The indigenous people of northern New Mexico" by Balduin Möllhausen, 1861.
A Hispano boy in Chamisal, 1940.
A homesteader and his children at the New Mexico Fair in Pie Town, New Mexico, 1940
New Mexico population density map
San Miguel Chapel, built in 1610 in Santa Fe, is the oldest church structure in the continental U.S.
New Mexico state quarter, circulated in April 2008
An F-22 Raptor flown by the 49th Fighter Wing at Holloman AFB
Albuquerque Studios, built in 2007 for the rising demand of film production in the state
In this photo, the Mexico–United States border divides Sunland Park and the Mexican state of Chihuahua.
The Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad
The railway station in Tucumcari
The New Mexico Rail Runner Express is a commuter operation that runs along the Central Rio Grande Valley.
Downtown Santa Fe train station
Spaceport America terminal, The Gateway.
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The New Mexico Public Education Department is in Santa Fe.
Map of public New Mexico colleges and universities. New Mexico Higher Education Department.
Symbols of the Southwest: a string of dried chile pepper pods (a ristra) and a bleached white cow's skull hang in a market near Santa Fe
Interior of the Crosby Theater at the Santa Fe Opera, viewed from the mezzanine
Luminarias in the old mission church, Jemez State Monument
The Santa Ana Star Center
Zimmerman Library at The University of New Mexico
Zuhl Library at New Mexico State University
Walkway outside Golden Library at Eastern New Mexico University
Donnelly Library at New Mexico Highlands University
Party registration by county (February 2021):

New Mexico (Nuevo México ; Yootó Hahoodzo ) is a state in the Southwestern United States.

Colorado

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State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

Ruins of Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde National Park. Photo by Gustaf Nordenskiöld, 1891
Great Kiva at Chimney Rock in the San Juan Mountains of Southwestern Colorado. It is said to have been built by the Ancient Pueblo peoples.
The Spanish discovering the Colorado River, namesake of the state, in 1540, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau. García López de Cárdenas can be seen overlooking the Grand Canyon.
Map of the Mexican Cession, with the white representing the territory the United States received from Mexico (plus land ceded to the Republic of Texas) after the Mexican–American War. Well over half of Colorado was received during this treaty.
The Anasazi Heritage Center in Dolores
The territories of New Mexico, Utah, Kansas, and Nebraska before the creation of the Territory of Colorado
Mount of the Holy Cross, photographed by William Henry Jackson in 1874
The Georgetown Loop of the Colorado Central Railroad as photographed by William Henry Jackson in 1899
Three 10th Mountain Division skitroopers above Camp Hale in February 1944.
The arid high plains in Southeastern Colorado
Front Range Peaks west of Denver
Tenmile Range and Dillon Reservoir near Breckenridge
Grays Peak at 4352 m is the highest point on the Continental Divide in North America
The high desert lands that make up the San Luis Valley in Southern Colorado
Maroon Bells, at 14163 ft, is part of White River National Forest and a tourist destination
The Colorado National Monument near Grand Junction is made up of high desert canyons and sandstone rock formations
Köppen climate types of Colorado, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Breckenridge naturalist Edwin Carter with a mounted gray wolf killed in the Colorado Rockies, ca. 1890–1900.
An enlargeable map of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado
An enlargeable map of the 17 core-based statistical areas of Colorado
Colorado population density map
Denver Energy Center lies in the Denver financial district along 17th Street, known as the Wall Street of the West
Corn growing in Larimer County
An oil well in western Colorado
History Colorado Center in Denver
Street art in Denver
The Colorado Rockies baseball club at Coors Field
Empower Field at Mile High in Denver, home field of the Denver Broncos and the Denver Outlaws
Ball Arena, home of the Denver Nuggets, the Colorado Avalanche, and the Colorado Mammoth
Dick's Sporting Goods Park, home of the Colorado Rapids
A Colorado state welcome sign
The main terminal of Denver International Airport evokes the peaks of the Front Range.
The westbound and eastbound California Zephyrs meet in the Glenwood Canyon.
Colorado Christian University
Colorado College
Colorado Mesa University
Colorado School of Mines
Colorado State University
Regis University
The United States Air Force Academy
The University of Colorado Boulder
The University of Denver
Fort Carson
Peterson Space Force Base
United States Air Force Academy
The Southern Ute Tribal Administration Building
The Ute Mountain Ute Tribal Office Complex
Lowry Pueblo in Canyons of the Ancients National Monument
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Spruce Tree House in Mesa Verde National Park

Colorado is one of the Mountain States, and is a part of the western and southwestern United States.

Arizona

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La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition
Mexico in 1824. Alta California is the northwesternmost state.
Geronimo (far right) and his Apache warriors fought against both Mexican and American settlers.
Children of Depression-era migrant workers, Pinal County, 1937
Eleanor Roosevelt at the Gila River relocation center, April 23, 1943
Köppen climate types of Arizona
The Grand Canyon
View of suburban development in Scottsdale, 2006
A population density map of Arizona
Extent of the Spanish language in the state of Arizona
A Navajo man on horseback in Monument Valley
The Spanish mission of San Xavier del Bac, founded in 1700
Arizona's Meteor Crater is a tourist attraction.
Entering Arizona on I-10 from New Mexico
The original Arizona State Capitol in Phoenix
Art Deco doors of the Cochise County Courthouse in Bisbee
Arizona teacher's strike and rally on April 26, 2018
The University of Arizona (the Mall) in Tucson
Arizona State University (a biodesign building) in Tempe
Northern Arizona University (The Skydome) in Flagstaff
View of Monument Valley from John Ford's Point
Standin' on the Corner Park and mural in Winslow, Arizona
State Farm Stadium in Glendale
A spring training game between the Cubs and White Sox at HoHoKam Park
Romaine, Yuma
Leaf, Yuma
Harvesting spinach during WW2
frameless
Broccoli seed crop, Yuma
Cauliflower seed crop, WW2
Volunteer, Pine

Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo ; ) is a landlocked state in the Western United States, grouped in the Southwestern and occasionally Mountain subregions.

Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico.

Most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico.

In 1706, Albuquerque was founded as a villa of Nuevo México, New Spain
Downtown Albuquerque in the 1880s
Old Albuquerque High, built in 1914 (Victorian and Gothic styles were used in the late 19th and early 20th centuries)
The McCanna–Hubbell Building, built in 1915, is one of downtown Albuquerque's many historic buildings
Aerial view of Albuquerque
Aerial view of the Rio Grande flowing through Albuquerque in 2016
KiMo Theatre in Downtown
Lobo Theater in Nob Hill
Tingley Beach in Old Town, Albuquerque, a pond in a former watercourse by the Rio Grande
Sandia Peak Tramway
Albuquerque Botanical Gardens
Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta
Roosevelt Park is a historic park in central Albuquerque
Isotopes baseball park
Albuquerque products treemap, 2020
Zimmerman Library at University of New Mexico
Rail Runner Express Downtown Albuquerque station train platform
Alvarado Transportation Center, an intermodal transportation hub in downtown Albuquerque
ART logo
Albuquerque International Sunport
Old Town Albuquerque is filled with Territorial Style architecture and design

The 2020 census found the population of the city to be 564,559, making Albuquerque the 32nd-most populous city in the United States and the fourth-largest in the Southwest.

Texas

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State in the South Central region of the United States.

State in the South Central region of the United States.

Early Native American tribal territories
Nicolas de La Fora's 1771 map of the northern frontier of New Spain clearly shows the Provincia de los Tejas.
Stephen F. Austin was the first American empresario given permission to operate a colony within Mexican Texas.
Mexico in 1824. Coahuila y Tejas is the northeasternmost state.
Surrender of Santa Anna. Painting by William Henry Huddle, 1886.
The Republic of Texas with present-day borders superimposed
Captain Charles A. May's squadron of the 2nd Dragoons slashes through the Mexican Army lines. Resaca de la Palma, Texas, May 1846
Spindletop, the first major oil gusher
Sam Rayburn Reservoir
Texas Hill Country
Steinhagen Reservoir
Palo Duro Canyon
Franklin Mountains State Park
Big Bend National Park
Köppen climate types in Texas
Colonia in the Rio Grande Valley near the Mexico–United States border
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A geomap depicting income by county as of 2014
Cotton modules after harvest in West Texas
An oil well
Brazos Wind Farm
Electronic Data Systems headquarters in Plano
Astronaut training at the Johnson Space Center in Houston
The Alamo is one of the most recognized symbols of Texas.
Big Tex presided over every Texas State Fair since 1952 until it was destroyed by a fire in 2012. Since then a new Big Tex was created.
The University of Texas at Austin
University of Houston
Texas A&M University
Rice University
The Texas Medical Center in Houston
The High Five Interchange in Dallas
"Welcome to Texas" sign
Terminal D at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Terminal E at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston
Port of Houston along the Houston Ship Channel
The Texas State Capitol at night
Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, 36th president of the United States
George W. Bush of Texas, 43rd president of the United States
AT&T Stadium, home of the Dallas Cowboys
Playoff game between the San Antonio Spurs and the Los Angeles Lakers in 2007

Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and the Southwestern regions.

Colorado River

14 links

Headwaters of the Colorado River in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado
Colorado River in the Grand Canyon seen from Pima Point, near Hermit's Rest
Satellite view of the Colorado River valley near Yuma, Arizona; interstate 8 runs from left to right just below center.
Colorado River as it exits the United States into Mexico beneath the San Luis Colorado-Colonia Miguel Aléman Bridge (September 2009)
The San Juan River near Mexican Hat, Utah
The Green River at Mineral Bottom, just north of Canyonlands National Park
Annual Colorado River discharge volumes at Lee's Ferry between 1895 and 2004
Map showing the Upper and Lower Colorado River Basin, and adjacent areas supplied by Colorado River water.
The Black Suspension Bridge crosses the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon at Phantom Ranch, Arizona.
Remnants of basalt flows from the Uinkaret volcanic field are seen here descending into the Grand Canyon, where they dammed the Colorado over 10 times in the past 2 million years.
Navajo woman and child, photographed by Ansel Adams, c. 1944
Pueblos and cliff dwellings such as this one in New Mexico were inhabited by people of the Colorado River basin between 2,000 and 700 years ago.
Two Mohave warriors beside the Colorado River in 1871
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition
Coronado Sets Out to the North, by Frederic Remington, c. 1905
Lithograph of Fort Yuma, c. 1875
Marble Canyon, one of the many gorges that Powell's expedition traversed
The steamboat Mohave No. 2 at Yuma, c. 1876
John D. Lee, date and photographer unknown. He established a permanent ferry across the Colorado.
Harrison Gray Otis, president of the Colorado River Land Company
Hoover Dam releasing water in 1998
The Grand Ditch, one of the earliest water diversions of the Colorado River, is still in use today.
Hoover Dam under construction, 1934
The Imperial Dam (bottom right) diverts water into the All-American Canal (center) running towards Imperial Valley.
Glen Canyon Dam, the largest dam of the Colorado River Storage Project
The main canal of the Central Arizona Project, crossing the Sonoran Desert
Lake Mead in 2010, showing the "bathtub ring" left behind by low water levels
Heavily forested banks of the Colorado River near Topock, Arizona
The Colorado was named for the reddish color caused by its natural sediment loads, but damming the river has caused it to acquire a clear green hue as seen here in lower Glen Canyon.
A rafting party on the Colorado River

The Colorado River (Río Colorado) is one of the principal rivers (along with the Rio Grande) in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

Utah

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State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

Map showing Utah in 1838 when it was part of Mexico, Britannica 7th edition
Brigham Young led the first Mormon pioneers to the Great Salt Lake.
A sketch of Salt Lake City in 1860
Deseret Village recreates Utah pioneer life for tourists.
The Golden Spike where the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed in the U.S. on May 10, 1869, in Promontory, Utah
Children reading in Santa Clara, Utah, in 1940
Utah county boundaries
Köppen climate types of Utah, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Snow in Rose Park, Salt Lake City
The Rocky Mountain elk is the Utah state mammal.
The California gull is the Utah state bird.
Western black widow spider
Pando, considered one of the heaviest and oldest organisms on Earth.
Joshua trees, yuccas, and cholla cactus occupy the far southwest corner of the state in the Mojave Desert
"Welcome to Utah" sign
Utah population density map
The LDS Salt Lake Temple, the primary attraction in the city's Temple Square
First Presbyterian Church in Salt Lake City
Sri Sri Radha Krishna (Hindu) Temple
The Wasatch Front region has seen large growth and development despite the economic downturn. Shown is the City Creek Center project, a development in downtown Salt Lake City with a price tag of $1.5–2.5 billion.
One out of every 14 flash memory chips in the world is produced in Lehi, Utah.
Zion National Park in southern Utah is one of five national parks in the state.
Farms and ranches
Bryce Canyon National Park Amphitheater (winter view)
Mining has been a large industry in Utah since it was first settled. The Bingham Canyon Mine in Salt Lake County is one of the largest open pit mines in the world.
Salt Lake International Airport is the largest airport in Utah
FrontRunner commuter rail serves select cities from Ogden to Provo via Salt Lake City.
TRAX light rail serves Salt Lake County
Jake Garn (top-right), former Senator of Utah (1974–1993), and astronaut on Space Shuttle flight STS-51-D
The Utah State Capitol, Salt Lake City
The Scott Matheson Courthouse is the seat of the Utah Supreme Court.
The Huntsman Cancer Institute on the campus of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City
The Eyring Science Center on the campus of Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah
The Utah Jazz playing against the Houston Rockets
Robbie Russell playing for Real Salt Lake
Arches National Park
Pariette Wetlands
Little Cottonwood Canyon
Deer Creek Reservoir
American Fork Canyon
Kolob Canyons at Zion National Park
Salt Lake City
Logan
thumb|Ogden
Park City
Provo
Sandy
St. George
Layton
Monument Valley in southeastern Utah. This area was used to film many Hollywood Westerns.
The otherworldly look of the Bonneville Salt Flats has been used in many movies and commercials.

Like most of the western and southwestern states, the federal government owns much of the land in Utah.

A map of the Colorado Plateau.

Colorado Plateau

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A map of the Colorado Plateau.
The Four Corners region and the Colorado Plateau. Click image to see state lines.
The Book Cliffs of Utah.
The Green River runs north to south from Wyoming, briefly through Colorado, and converges with the Colorado River in southeastern Utah.
MODIS satellite image of Grand Canyon, Lake Powell (black, left of center) and the Colorado Plateau. White areas are snow-capped.
The Permian through Jurassic stratigraphy of the Colorado Plateau area of southeastern Utah that makes up much of the famous prominent rock formations in protected areas such as Capitol Reef National Park and Canyonlands National Park. From top to bottom: rounded tan domes of the Navajo Sandstone; layered red Kayenta Formation; cliff-forming, vertically jointed, red Wingate Sandstone; slope-forming, purplish Chinle Formation; layered, lighter-red Moenkopi Formation; and white, layered Cutler Formation sandstone from the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area in Utah.
Castle Gate rock formation in Carbon County, UT.
Navajo sandstone cliffs in Zion National Park.
Sunset in Ojito Wilderness, near Albuquerque, NM
Castle Gate Power Plant near Helper, UT.

The Colorado Plateau, also known as the Colorado Plateau Province, is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States.

El Paso, Texas

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City in and the county seat of El Paso County in the far southwestern part of the U.S. state of Texas.

City in and the county seat of El Paso County in the far southwestern part of the U.S. state of Texas.

El Paso, c. 1880
Map of the city in 1886
Downtown El Paso in 1908
Mesa Avenue, the heart of El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1917)
General Pershing's punitive expedition camp near the border, El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1916): Franklin Mountains, left-to-right (i.e., south-to-north) are: Ranger Peak, Sugarloaf Mountain, and part of South Franklin Mountain
False-color satellite image of El Paso and Ciudad Juárez: Paved streets and buildings appear in varying shades of blue-gray, and red indicates vegetation.
El Paso is on the US–Mexico border.
The Rio Grande in west El Paso, near New Mexico state line
El Paso's upper valley in northwest El Paso
Historic home at Kern Place
WestStar Tower
Wells Fargo Plaza
Helen of Troy Limited corporate office
El Paso products treemap, 2020
Great River Raft Race held annually on the Rio Grande in El Paso's upper valley
Cleveland Square in downtown El Paso is where many of the festivals are held annually.
Viva! El Paso performance at the McKelligon Canyon Amphitheatre
Plaza Theater at night
El Paso Museum of Archaeology, diorama shows Cueva de la Olla (cave of the pot – a large pot-shaped storage container for grain), Paquimé, Sierra Madre of Chihuahua
Asia exhibit entrance at the El Paso Zoo
Aerial view of Sun Bowl Stadium and Kidd Field
Don Haskins Center at the UTEP campus
The Wyler Aerial Tramway in the Franklin Mountains is the only commercial tramway in the state of Texas.
Bouldering on North Mountain at Hueco Tanks
The Contemplative Garden at the Chihuahuan Desert Gardens
UTEP's College of Engineering building
Paul L. Foster School of Medicine within Texas Tech University HSC at El Paso's campus
El Paso Children's Hospital at the Medical Center of the Americas
Hotel Bristol and the Union Depot at El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1912)
Airport Security Concourse at the El Paso International Airport
IH-10–US-54 Interchange
The Bridge of the Americas as seen from El Paso, Texas, in June 2016

The 2020 population of the city from the U.S. Census Bureau was 678,815, making it the 23rd-largest city in the United States, the sixth-largest city in Texas, and the second-largest city in the Southwestern United States behind Phoenix, Arizona.

Apachean tribes, c. 18th century: WA: Western Apache · N: Navajo · Ch: Chiricahua · M: Mescalero · J: Jicarilla · L: Lipan · Pl: Plains Apache

Apache

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Apachean tribes, c. 18th century: WA: Western Apache · N: Navajo · Ch: Chiricahua · M: Mescalero · J: Jicarilla · L: Lipan · Pl: Plains Apache
Present-day primary locations of Apachean peoples (scale and colors as above)
Kathy Kitcheyan, chairwoman of the San Carlos Apache
Essa-queta, Plains Apache chief
Young Jicarilla Apache boy, New Mexico, 2009
A Western Apache woman from the San Carlos group
Apache rawhide playing cards c. 1875–1885, collection of NMAI.
The Coronado Expedition, 1540–1542
Geronimo
Apache bride
Apache Indian girl carrying an olla (a water basket) on her head, ca.1900
Hide painting depicting Apache girl's puberty ceremony, by Naiche (Chiricahua Apache), ca. 1900, Oklahoma History Center
Frame of Apache wickiup
Various Apache containers: baskets, bowls and jars. The women-made baskets could hold heavy loads and were made mainly from yucca or willow leaves or juniper bark.
Apache jug
Apache girl with basket, 1902

The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Mimbreño, Ndendahe (Bedonkohe or Mogollon and Nednhi or Carrizaleño and Janero), Salinero, Plains (Kataka or Semat or "Kiowa-Apache") and Western Apache (Aravaipa, Pinaleño, Coyotero, Tonto).