Southwestern United States

American SouthwestSouthwestSouthwesternSouthwest United StatesDesert SouthwestUnited States of Americasouthwestern statesSouthwestern U.S.USAU.S. Southwest
The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest, Desert Southwest, or simply The Southwest, is the informal name for a region of the western United States.wikipedia
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Mojave Desert

Mojavedesert14 Mojave Basin and Range
For example, one definition includes the stretch from the Mojave Desert in California (117° west longitude) to Carlsbad, New Mexico (104° west longitude), and from the Mexico–United States border to the southern areas of Colorado, Utah, and Nevada (39° north latitude). The geography of the region is mainly made up by four features: the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts, and the Colorado Plateau; although there are other geographical features as well, such as a portion of the Great Basin Desert.
It is in the North American Southwest, primarily within southeastern California and southern Nevada, and it occupies 47877 mi2.

Arizona

AZState of ArizonaArizona, U.S.
Those five metropolitan areas have an estimated total population of more than 9.6 million, with nearly 60 percent of them living in the two Arizona cities—Phoenix and Tucson.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo ; ) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States.

Colorado

State of ColoradoCOColorado, USA
For example, one definition includes the stretch from the Mojave Desert in California (117° west longitude) to Carlsbad, New Mexico (104° west longitude), and from the Mexico–United States border to the southern areas of Colorado, Utah, and Nevada (39° north latitude).
Colorado is part of the western and southwestern United States, and is one of the Mountain States.

Sonoran Desert

SonoranSonora DesertArizona desert
The geography of the region is mainly made up by four features: the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts, and the Colorado Plateau; although there are other geographical features as well, such as a portion of the Great Basin Desert.
The Sonoran Desert (Desierto de Sonora) is a North American desert which covers large parts of the Southwestern United States in Arizona and California and of Northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California, and Baja California Sur.

Colorado River

ColoradoColorado River BasinGrand River
The two major rivers of the region are the Colorado River, running in the northern and western areas, and the Rio Grande, running in the east, north to south.
The Colorado River is one of the principal rivers (along with the Rio Grande) in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

Rio Grande

Río GrandeRío BravoRío Bravo del Norte
The two major rivers of the region are the Colorado River, running in the northern and western areas, and the Rio Grande, running in the east, north to south.
The Rio Grande ( or ; Río Bravo del Norte, or simply Río Bravo) is one of the principal rivers (along with the Colorado River) in the southwest United States and northern Mexico.

Chihuahuan Desert

Chihuahua DesertChihuahuanChihuahua
The geography of the region is mainly made up by four features: the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts, and the Colorado Plateau; although there are other geographical features as well, such as a portion of the Great Basin Desert.
The Chihuahuan Desert (Desierto de Chihuahua, Desierto Chihuahuense) is a desert and ecoregion designation covering parts of northern Mexico and the southwestern United States.

Llano Estacado

Staked Plainseastern plainsHigh Plains
Within the Southwest U.S. region, the Colorado is bordered to the south by the Mogollon Rim and the Sonoran Desert, to the west by the Mojave Desert, and to the east by the Rocky Mountains and the Llano Estacado.
Llano Estacado, often translated as Staked Plains, is a region in the Southwestern United States that encompasses parts of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas.

Colorado Plateau

Colorado Plateau ProvinceHistory of the Colorado PlateauColorado Plateaus
The Colorado Plateau varies from the large stands of forests in the west, including the largest stand of ponderosa pine trees in the world, to the Mesas to the east.
The Colorado Plateau, also known as the Colorado Plateau Province, is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States.

Rocky Mountains

RockiesRocky MountainRocky Mountain Region
Within the Southwest U.S. region, the Colorado is bordered to the south by the Mogollon Rim and the Sonoran Desert, to the west by the Mojave Desert, and to the east by the Rocky Mountains and the Llano Estacado.
The Rocky Mountains stretch 3000 km in straight-line distance from the northernmost part of British Columbia, in western Canada, to New Mexico in the Southwestern United States.

San Juan River (Colorado River tributary)

San Juan RiverSan JuanSan Juan River (Colorado River)
It extends from the San Luis Valley of southern Colorado to south of Socorro and including the Manzano Mountains, with an east-west breadth in the north stretching from the upper Canadian River to the upper San Juan River.
The San Juan River is a major tributary of the Colorado River in the Southwestern United States, providing the chief drainage for the Four Corners region of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Arizona.

Pueblo IV Period

Pueblo IV EraIVPueblo IV
This culture would go through several different eras lasting from approximately 1500 BC through the middle of the 15th century AD: the Basketmaker I, II, and III phases followed by the Pueblo I, II, III, and IV.
The Pueblo IV Period (AD 1350 to AD 1600) was the fourth period of ancient pueblo life in the American Southwest.

Apache

ApachesApache IndiansApachean
The area previously occupied by the Mogollon was taken over by an unrelated tribe, the Apache.
The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache.

Navajo

Navajo peopleNavajosDiné
The area once occupied by the ancestral Puebloans became inhabited by several American Indian tribes, the most populous of which were the Navajo, Ute, Southern Paiute, and Hopi.
The Navajo (British English: Navaho; Diné or Naabeehó) are a Native American people of the Southwestern United States.

Utah

UTState of UtahUtah, U.S.
For example, one definition includes the stretch from the Mojave Desert in California (117° west longitude) to Carlsbad, New Mexico (104° west longitude), and from the Mexico–United States border to the southern areas of Colorado, Utah, and Nevada (39° north latitude).
Like most of the western and southwestern states, the federal government owns much of the land in Utah.

Pueblo II Period

Pueblo IIPueblo II EraII
This culture would go through several different eras lasting from approximately 1500 BC through the middle of the 15th century AD: the Basketmaker I, II, and III phases followed by the Pueblo I, II, III, and IV.
The Pueblo II Period (AD 900 to AD 1150) was the second pueblo period of the Ancestral Puebloans of the Four Corners region of the American southwest.

Early Basketmaker II Era

Basketmaker IBasketmaker II
This culture would go through several different eras lasting from approximately 1500 BC through the middle of the 15th century AD: the Basketmaker I, II, and III phases followed by the Pueblo I, II, III, and IV.
The era began with the cultivation of maize in the northern American southwest, although there was not a dependence upon agriculture until about 500 BC.

Mogollon culture

MogollonMimbresMimbres pottery
At some point they were replaced by three great Pre-Columbian Indian cultures: the Ancestral Pueblo people, the Hohokam, and the Mogollon, all of which existed among other surrounding cultures including the Fremont and Patayan.
The Mogollon culture is one of the major prehistoric Southwestern cultural divisions of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico.

Narváez expedition

Narvaez expeditionexpeditionPánfilo Narváez
The following year Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, based on reports from survivors of the Narváez expedition (1528–36) who had crossed eastern Texas on their way to Mexico City, led an expedition to discover the Seven Golden Cities of Cíbola.
Many more people died as the expedition traveled west along the explored Gulf Coast of the present-day United States and into the American Southwest.

Juan de Oñate

Don Juan de OñateJuan de OnateOñate
The 1582-3 expedition of Antonio de Espejo explored New Mexico and eastern Arizona; and this led to Juan de Oñate's establishment of the Spanish province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in 1598, with a capital founded near Ohkay Oweenge Pueblo, which he called San Juan de los Caballeros.
Oñate founded settlements in the province, now in the Southwestern United States.

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New SpainSpanishNueva España
Most of the area was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain in the Spanish Empire before becoming part of Mexico.
He commissioned the expeditions of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado into the present day American Southwest in 1540–1542.

Tucson, Arizona

TucsonTucson, AZTucson, Arizona Territory
The largest metropolitan areas are centered around Phoenix (with an estimated population of more than 4.7 million ), Las Vegas (more than 2.2 million), Tucson (more than 1 million), Albuquerque (more than 900,000), and El Paso (more than 840,000).
As one of the Southwestern United States's 27 unique Sky Islands, this science learning facility is open to the public.

American frontier

Old WestWild WestAmerican Old West
As the US expanded westward, the country's western border also shifted westward, and consequently, so did the location of the Southwestern and Northwestern United States.
Turner's ideas since 1893 have inspired generations of historians (and critics) to explore multiple individual American frontiers, but the popular folk frontier concentrates on the conquest and settlement of Native American lands west of the Mississippi River, in what is now the Midwest, Texas, the Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the Southwest, the West Coast, and Hawaii.

Santa Fe, New Mexico

Santa FeSanta Fe, NMSante Fe
He calls the first subregion "Northern New Mexico", and describes it as focused on Albuquerque and Santa Fe.
The Canyon Road galleries showcase a wide array of contemporary, Southwestern, indigenous American, and experimental art, in addition to Russian, Taos Masters, and Native American pieces.

Late Basketmaker II Era

Basketmaker IIIILate Basketmaker II
This culture would go through several different eras lasting from approximately 1500 BC through the middle of the 15th century AD: the Basketmaker I, II, and III phases followed by the Pueblo I, II, III, and IV.
The Basketmaker II people raised maize and squash, the first people of the northern American southwest to do so, which required them to be located near sources of water and good soil.