Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Order of MaltaKnights of MaltaKnight of MaltaOrder of St. JohnOrder of St JohnSMOMOrder of the Knights of MaltaKMOrder of Saint JohnSovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta
The Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), officially the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Sovrano Militare Ordine Ospedaliero di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme di Rodi e di Malta; Supremus Militaris Ordo Hospitalarius Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodiensis et Melitensis), commonly known as the Order of Malta, is a Catholic lay religious order, traditionally of military, chivalric and noble nature.wikipedia
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Palazzo Malta

Grand Magistry Palaceits former embassylocated
In terms of international law, it is an establishment of the 19th century, recognized at the Congress of Verona of 1822, and since 1834 headquartered in Palazzo Malta in Rome. The seat of the order was moved to Ferrara in 1826 and to Rome in 1834, the interior of Palazzo Malta being considered extraterritorial sovereign territory of the order. After having temporarily resided in Messina, Catania, and Ferrara, in 1834 the precursor of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta settled definitively in Rome, where it owns, with extraterritorial status, the Magistral Palace in Via Condotti 68 and the Magistral Villa on the Aventine Hill.
Palazzo Malta, officially named as the Magistral Palace (Palazzo Magistrale), and also known as Palazzo di Malta or Palazzo dell'Ordine di Malta, is the more important of the two headquarters of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (the other being Villa Malta), a Roman Catholic lay religious order and a sovereign subject of international law.

Sovereign Military Order of Malta passport

its own passportspassportspassports of the Order
It maintains diplomatic relations with 107 states, has permanent observer status at the United Nations, enters into treaties and issues its own passports, coins and postage stamps.
The Sovereign Military Order of Malta passport is a travel document issued to officials and diplomats of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM).

Order of the Holy Sepulchre

Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of JerusalemKnight of the Holy SepulchreEquestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre
In the ecclesiastical heraldry of the Catholic Church, the Order of Malta is one of only two orders (along with the Order of the Holy Sepulchre) whose insignia may be displayed in a clerical coat of arms.
The order, with the five other papal equestrian orders and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, are the only Orders of Chivalry that are recognised and protected by the Holy See.

Malteser International

MalteserMalteser GermanyMalteser-Hilfsdienst Auslandsdienst
Through its worldwide relief corps, Malteser International, the order aids victims of natural disasters, epidemics and war.
Malteser International is an international non-governmental aid agency for humanitarian aid of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Maltese cross

cross patyMaltese eight-pointed crossMaltese Crosses
Some members may also display the Maltese cross behind their shield instead of the ribbon.
Although chiefly associated with the Knights Hospitaller (Order of St. John, now the Sovereign Military Order of Malta), and by extension with the island of Malta, it has come to be used by a wide array of entities since the early modern period,

Giovanni Battista Ceschi a Santa Croce

The office of Grand Master was restored by Pope Leo XIII in 1879, after a vacancy of 75 years, confirming Giovanni Battista Ceschi a Santa Croce as the first Grand Master of the restored Order of Malta.
Fra' Giovanni Battista Ceschi a Santa Croce (Trento, 1827 – Rome, 24 January 1905) was a leader of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, succeeding Alessandro Borgia as its lieutenant in 1871, and then being chosen as the 74th Prince and Grand Master in 1879, a decision approved by pope Leo XIII on 28 March that year.

Jean Parisot de Valette

Jean Parisot de la ValetteJean de ValetteJean de la Valette
In 1565, the Knights, led by Grand Master Fra' Jean de Vallette (after whom the capital of Malta, Valletta, was named), defended the island for more than three months during the Great Siege by the Turks.
Fra' Jean “Parisot” de Valette (4 February 1495[?] – 21 August 1568) was a French nobleman and 49th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, from 21 August 1557 to his death in 1568.

Pope Clement VII

Clement VIIGiulio de' MediciGiulio di Giuliano de' Medici
The order remained without a territory of its own until 1530, when Grand Master Fra' Philippe de Villiers de l'Isle Adam took possession of the island of Malta, granted to the order by Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and his mother Queen Joanna of Castile as monarchs of Sicily, with the approval of Pope Clement VII, for which the order had to honour the conditions of the Tribute of the Maltese Falcon.
Ecclesiastically, Clement VII is remembered for issuing orders protecting Jews from the Inquisition, approving the Capuchin Franciscan Order, and securing the island of Malta for the Knights of Malta.

Extraterritoriality

extraterritorialextraterritorial rightsextraterritorial status
The seat of the order was moved to Ferrara in 1826 and to Rome in 1834, the interior of Palazzo Malta being considered extraterritorial sovereign territory of the order. After having temporarily resided in Messina, Catania, and Ferrara, in 1834 the precursor of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta settled definitively in Rome, where it owns, with extraterritorial status, the Magistral Palace in Via Condotti 68 and the Magistral Villa on the Aventine Hill.

Holy See

VaticanRomethe Vatican
The Holy See was established as a subject of international law in the Lateran Treaty of 1929.
The Holy See (not the State of Vatican City) maintains formal diplomatic relations with and for the most recent establishment of diplomatic relations with sovereign states, and also with the European Union, and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, as well as having relations of a special character with the Palestine Liberation Organization; 69 of the diplomatic missions accredited to the Holy See are situated in Rome.

Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg)

Order of Saint JohnOrder of St. JohnJohanniterorden
In others, including the Netherlands and Germany, entire bailiwicks or commanderies (administrative divisions of the order) experienced religious conversions; these "Johanniter orders" survive in Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden and many other countries, including the United States and South Africa.
Along with the Roman Catholic Sovereign Military Order of Malta ("SMOM"), these four "Alliance Orders" represent the legitimate heirs of the Knights Hospitaller.

Andrew Bertie

Fra' Andrew BertieFra Andrew BertieFra' Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie
Under the Grand Masters Fra' Angelo de Mojana di Cologna (1962–88) and Fra' Andrew Bertie (1988–2008), the projects expanded.
Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie (15 May 1929 – 7 February 2008) was Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1988 until his death in 2008.

Ludovico Chigi Albani della Rovere

Prince Chigi-Albani
Large-scale hospitaller and charitable activities were carried out during World Wars I and II under Grand Master Fra' Ludovico Chigi Albani della Rovere (1931–1951).
Fra' Ludovico Chigi della Rovere-Albani (10 July 1866 – 14 November 1951) was Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1931 to 1951.

Villa del Priorato di Malta

Villa MaltaMagistral Villaare
After having temporarily resided in Messina, Catania, and Ferrara, in 1834 the precursor of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta settled definitively in Rome, where it owns, with extraterritorial status, the Magistral Palace in Via Condotti 68 and the Magistral Villa on the Aventine Hill.
Villa del Priorato di Malta or Magistral Villa, located on the Aventine Hill in Rome, is one of the two institutional seats of the government of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem

the Alliance of the Orders of St. John of JerusalemThe Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of JerusalemAlliance
It was expelled from Malta under the French occupation in 1798 and, from 1805 to 1812, much of its possessions in Protestant Europe were confiscated, resulting in the fragmentation of the order into a number of Protestant branches, since 1961 united under the umbrella of the Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem.
The four non-Catholic constituent orders of the Alliance, together with the Roman Catholic Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), form the "Mutually Recognised Orders of Saint John": SMOM is acknowledged as being the senior order, with the other Alliance members stemming from the same root.

History of Malta under the Order of Saint John

MaltaOrder of Saint JohnHospitaller Malta
The headquarters of the Order of Saint John had been located in Malta from 1530 until 1798.
In 1834, the Order, which became known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, established its headquarters in its former embassy in Rome, where it remains to this day.

French campaign in Egypt and Syria

Egyptian CampaignNapoleon's invasion of 1799French invasion of Egypt
Their Mediterranean stronghold of Malta was captured by the French First Republic under Napoleon in 1798 during his expedition to Egypt, following the French Revolution and the subsequent French Revolutionary Wars.
When Napoleon's fleet arrived off Malta, Napoleon demanded that the Knights of Malta allow his fleet to enter the port and take on water and supplies.

Raymond Leo Burke

Raymond BurkeCardinal BurkeCardinal Raymond Burke
Francis also named Archbishop Giovanni Becciu, as his personal representative to the Order–sidelining the Order's Cardinal Patron Raymond Burke–until the election of a new Grand Master.
He is an archbishop and the patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, but is sidelined from the latter function.

Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller

Order of St. John of JerusalemMaltese OrderRussian Grand Priory of the Order of St John
The Russian Emperor, Paul I, gave the largest number of knights shelter in Saint Petersburg, an action which gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller and the Order's recognition among the Russian Imperial Orders.
The continuous Order was also approved by the Papacy, but due to British fear of Russian taking presence in the Mediterranean and because many knights were Orthodox the Order became de facto the traditional Order but de jure not recognised similar or at par with the formation of the 19th-century Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM).

Fort St. Angelo

Fort St AngeloFort Saint AngeloCastrum Maris
This agreement grants the Order the use with limited extraterritoriality of the upper portion of Fort St. Angelo in the city of Birgu.
In 1998, the upper part of the fort was handed to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Pie postulatio voluntatis

confirms the autonomy of the monks of the Saint John Hospitalpapal recognition
With the Papal bull Pie postulatio voluntatis dated 15 February 1113, Pope Paschal II approved the foundation of the Hospital and placed it under the aegis of the Holy See, granting it the right to freely elect its superiors without interference from other secular or religious authorities.
The bull was the basis of the independence of the Order, and it still serves as the legal base of the sovereignty of its present-day successor, the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM).

Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto

Fra' Giacomo Dalla Torre del Tempio di SanguinettoGiacomo Dalla Torre
Fra' Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto was elected 80th Grand Master on 2 May 2018, a year after Fra' Matthew Festing resigned as Grand Master at the insistence of Pope Francis.
Fra' Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto (born 9 December 1944) is the 80th and current Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Gotland

Gotland IslandGotland, SwedenGothland
On 19 September 1806, the Swedish government offered the sovereignty of the island of Gotland to the Order.
The Order never regained its territory, and eventually it reestablished itself in Rome as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Ecclesiastical heraldry

coat of armsbishopric coat of armsEcclesiastical Coat of Arms
In the ecclesiastical heraldry of the Catholic Church, the Order of Malta is one of only two orders (along with the Order of the Holy Sepulchre) whose insignia may be displayed in a clerical coat of arms.
It can also be found in the arms of the Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Malta

MalteseMaltese IslandsRepublic of Malta
The order remained without a territory of its own until 1530, when Grand Master Fra' Philippe de Villiers de l'Isle Adam took possession of the island of Malta, granted to the order by Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and his mother Queen Joanna of Castile as monarchs of Sicily, with the approval of Pope Clement VII, for which the order had to honour the conditions of the Tribute of the Maltese Falcon.
The Order of Saint John (also known as the Knights Hospitaller, or the Knights of Malta) were the rulers of Malta and Gozo between 1530 and 1798.