Spaceflight

space travelspace flightspace transportspacefaringspaceuncrewed space missiontransportspace missiontransportedspace transportation
Spaceflight (or space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.wikipedia
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Spacecraft

spaceshipspaceshipsspace ship
Spaceflight can occur with spacecraft with or without humans on board. This can be the energy imparted by a first stage of a launch vehicle to an upper stage plus payload, or by an upper stage or spacecraft kick motor to a spacecraft.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.

Flight

flyingflyflies
Spaceflight (or space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
Flight is the process by which an object moves through an atmosphere (or beyond it, as in the case of spaceflight) without contact with the surface.

Human spaceflight

space travelmannedmanned spaceflight
Examples of human spaceflight include the U.S. Apollo Moon landing and Space Shuttle programs and the Russian Soyuz program, as well as the ongoing International Space Station. On June 21, 2004, SpaceShipOne was used for the first privately funded human spaceflight.
Human spaceflight (also referred to as crewed spaceflight) is space travel with a crew or passengers aboard the spacecraft.

Satellite

satellitesartificial satelliteartificial satellites
Examples of uncrewed spaceflight include space probes that leave Earth orbit, as well as satellites in orbit around Earth, such as communications satellites.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an object that has been intentionally placed into orbit.

Autonomous robot

autonomousautonomouslyautonomous systems
These operate either by telerobotic control or are fully autonomous.
Autonomous robots are particularly desirable in fields such as spaceflight, household maintenance (such as cleaning), waste water treatment, and delivering goods and services.

Robert H. Goddard

Robert GoddardRobert Hutchings GoddardDr. Robert H. Goddard
Spaceflight became an engineering possibility with the work of Robert H. Goddard's publication in 1919 of his paper A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes.
He not only recognized the potential of rockets for atmospheric research, ballistic missiles and space travel but was the first to scientifically study, design and construct the rockets needed to implement those ideas.

Neil Armstrong

Neil A. ArmstrongArmstrongJanet Shearon Armstrong
As director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, Von Braun oversaw development of a larger class of rocket called Saturn, which allowed the US to send the first two humans, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, to the Moon and back on Apollo 11 in July 1969.
He made his first spaceflight as command pilot of Gemini 8 in March 1966, becoming NASA's first civilian astronaut to fly in space.

Launch window

certain time windowslaunchlaunch opportunity
A launch is often restricted to certain launch windows.
In the context of spaceflight, launch period is the collection of days and launch window is the time period on a given day during which a particular vehicle (rocket, Space Shuttle, etc.) must be launched in order to reach its intended target.

Sergei Korolev

Sergey KorolyovSergey KorolevSergei Korolyov
Tsiolkovsky's rocketry work was not fully appreciated in his lifetime, but he influenced Sergey Korolev, who became the Soviet Union's chief rocket designer under Joseph Stalin, to develop intercontinental ballistic missiles to carry nuclear weapons as a counter measure to United States bomber planes.
In 1931, Korolev and space travel enthusiast Friedrich Zander participated in the creation of the Group for the Study of Reactive Motion (GIRD), one of the earliest state-sponsored centers for rocket development in the USSR.

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

TsiolkovskyKonstantin TsiolkovskiKonstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky
More well-known (though not widely outside Russia) is Konstantin Tsiolkovsky's work, "Исследование мировых пространств реактивными приборами" (The Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reaction Devices), published in 1903.
He is considered the father of spaceflight and the first person to conceive the space elevator, becoming inspired in 1895 by the newly constructed Eiffel Tower in Paris.

Wernher von Braun

von BraunDr. Wernher von BraunDr. von Braun
Goddard's paper was highly influential on Hermann Oberth, who in turn influenced Wernher von Braun.
Von Braun's interest in rockets was specifically for the application of space travel, not for killing people.

Launch vehicle

carrier rocketlaunch systemspace launch vehicle
This can be the energy imparted by a first stage of a launch vehicle to an upper stage plus payload, or by an upper stage or spacecraft kick motor to a spacecraft.
A launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket propelled vehicle used to carry a payload from Earth's surface to space, usually to Earth orbit or beyond.

Animals in space

launched into orbital space flightanimal-carryinganimals
Space missions where other animals but no humans are on-board are considered uncrewed missions.
Non-human animals in space originally served to test the survivability of spaceflight, before human spaceflights were attempted.

Space exploration

space missionexplorationspace missions
Spaceflight is used in space exploration, and also in commercial activities like space tourism and satellite telecommunications.
Until the advent of space travel, objects in the asteroid belt were merely pinpricks of light in even the largest telescopes, their shapes and terrain remaining a mystery.

SpaceX

SpaceX headquartersSpace Exploration TechnologiesSpace X
While no company offers this type of transportation today, SpaceX has revealed plans to do so as early as the 2020s using Starship.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.

Orbital spaceflight

orbitalorbitorbital flight
A minimal orbital spaceflight requires much higher velocities than a minimal sub-orbital flight, and so it is technologically much more challenging to achieve.
An orbital spaceflight (or orbital flight) is a spaceflight in which a spacecraft is placed on a trajectory where it could remain in space for at least one orbit.

Civilian Space eXploration Team

CSXT GoFastGoFast
On May 17, 2004, Civilian Space eXploration Team launched the GoFast Rocket on a suborbital flight, the first amateur spaceflight.
The Civilian Space eXploration Team, known as CSXT, is a team of around 30 civilians interested in private spaceflight.

Interplanetary spaceflight

interplanetaryinterplanetary travelspace travel
Interplanetary travel is travel between planets within a single planetary system.
In practice, spaceflights of this type are confined to travel between the planets of the Solar System.

Private spaceflight

privatecommercialcommercial spaceflight
On June 21, 2004, SpaceShipOne was used for the first privately funded human spaceflight. Private spaceflight is a rapidly developing area: space flight that is not only paid for by corporations or even private individuals, but often provided by private spaceflight companies.
Despite those earlier private undertakings, during the principal period of spaceflight in the mid-twentieth century, only nation states developed and flew spacecraft above the Kármán line, the nominal boundary of space.

Space Shuttle Atlantis

AtlantisSpace Shuttle ''AtlantisSpace Shuttle '' Atlantis
The first Space Shuttle to fly into space was the Columbia, followed by the Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavour.
Space Shuttle Atlantis (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV‑104) is a Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle belonging to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the spaceflight and space exploration agency of the United States.

Space Shuttle Enterprise

EnterpriseSpace Shuttle ''EnterpriseEnterprise'' (OV-101)
The Enterprise was used only for approach and landing tests, launching from the back of a Boeing 747 and gliding to deadstick landings at Edwards AFB, California.
As a result it was not capable of spaceflight.

International Space Station

ISSInternational Space Station (ISS)Space Station
Examples of human spaceflight include the U.S. Apollo Moon landing and Space Shuttle programs and the Russian Soyuz program, as well as the ongoing International Space Station.
The results may influence long-term spaceflight, including a mission to the planet Mars, according to the researchers.

Science fiction

sci-fiscience-fictionSci Fi
Intergalactic travel involves spaceflight between galaxies, and is considered much more technologically demanding than even interstellar travel and, by current engineering terms, is considered science fiction.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, and something resembling the World Wide Web.

Space tourism

space touristspace touristsPersonal spaceflight
Spaceflight is used in space exploration, and also in commercial activities like space tourism and satellite telecommunications.

List of private spaceflight companies

private spaceflight companiesspace tourism startup companiescommercial providers
Private spaceflight is a rapidly developing area: space flight that is not only paid for by corporations or even private individuals, but often provided by private spaceflight companies.
This page is a list of non-governmental entities that currently offer—or are planning to offer—equipment and services geared towards spaceflight, both robotic and human.