Spain

ūüá™ūüáłSpanishESPSpaniardsSpaniardKingdom of SpainSPAESEspa√ĪaSpanish Crown
{{Infobox country * conventional_long_name = Kingdom of Spain * native_name = * common_name = Spain * name = '''{{resize|1.0 em|4 other official names}}{{efn|name=a|The Spanish Constitution does not establish any official name for Spain, even though the terms Espa√Īa (Spain), Estado espa√Īol (Spanish State) and Naci√≥n espa√Īola (Spanish Nation) are used throughout the document.wikipedia
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Basque language

BasqueEuskeraBasque-language
Basque
Basque (euskara ) is a language spoken in the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France.

Iberian Peninsula

IberiaIberianPeninsula
Spain ({{lang-es|Espa√Īa}} {{IPA-es|esňąpa…≤a||Es-Espa√Īa.ogg}}), officially the Kingdom of Spain ({{lang-es|Reino de Espa√Īa|links=no}}),{{efn|name=a}}{{efn|name=b}} is a country mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
The peninsula is principally divided between Spain and Portugal, comprising most of their territory.

Canary Islands

CanariesCanarianCanary
Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias, ) is a Spanish archipelago and the southernmost autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, 100 km west of Morocco at the closest point.

Ceuta

Autonomous City of CeutaSeptemBishop of Ceuta
The African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco).{{efn|See list of transcontinental countries.}} Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory.
Ceuta ( or ) is an 18.5 km2 Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa, separated by 14 km from Cadiz province on the Spanish mainland by the Strait of Gibraltar and sharing a 6.4 km land border with M'diq-Fnideq Prefecture in the Kingdom of Morocco.

Catalan language

CatalancaCatalan-language
| languages2 = Catalan
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.

Balearic Islands

BalearicBalearesBalearic island
Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Balearic Islands (Illes Balears, ; Islas Baleares, ) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.

Occitan language

OccitanProvençallangue d'oc
Occitan
It is spoken in southern France, Italy's Occitan Valleys, Monaco, and Spain's Val d'Aran; collectively, these regions are sometimes referred to as Occitania.

Portugal

PortugueseūüáĶūüáĻPOR
The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
It is bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain.

France

ūüáęūüá∑FrenchFRA
The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south.

Madrid

Madrid, SpaincapitalSpanish capital
capital = Madrid Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, M√°laga and Bilbao.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.

Morocco

ūüá≤ūüá¶MoroccanMAR
The African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco).{{efn|See list of transcontinental countries.}} Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory.
Morocco claims the areas of Ceuta, Melilla and Pe√Ī√≥n de V√©lez de la Gomera, all of them currently under Spanish jurisdiction.

Barcelona

Barcelona, Spaincity of BarcelonaBarcino
Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, M√°laga and Bilbao.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.

Plazas de soberanía

Spanish North AfricaPlaza de Soberanía2 ''ciudades autónomas
The African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco).{{efn|See list of transcontinental countries.}} Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory.
The plazas de soberanía (, literally "places of sovereignty") are the Spanish sovereign territories in North Africa.

Valencia

Valencia, Spaincity of ValenciaValencian
Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, M√°laga and Bilbao.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.

Gibraltar

ūüá¨ūüáģGIBGibraltarian
The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1704, Anglo-Dutch forces captured Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne.

Andorra

ūüá¶ūüá©Principality of AndorraAND
The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France to the north and Spain to the south.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Spain ({{lang-es|Espa√Īa}} {{IPA-es|esňąpa…≤a||Es-Espa√Īa.ogg}}), officially the Kingdom of Spain ({{lang-es|Reino de Espa√Īa|links=no}}),{{efn|name=a}}{{efn|name=b}} is a country mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs.

List of metropolitan areas in Spain

a smaller cityAlicante-Elche-Elda metro areametropolitan
Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, M√°laga and Bilbao.
This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas in Spain by population.

Peninsular Spain

Spanish mainlandMainland Spainpeninsula
The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
Peninsular Spain refers to that part of Spanish territory located within the Iberian peninsula, thus excluding other parts of Spain: the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands, Ceuta, Melilla, and a number of islets and crags off the coast of Morocco known collectively as plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty).

Kingdom of Navarre

NavarrePamplonaNavarrese
This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
The Kingdom of Navarre (Nafarroako Erresuma, Reino de Navarra, Royaume de Navarre, Regnum Navarrae), originally the Kingdom of Pamplona (Iru√Īeko Erresuma), was a Basque-based kingdom that occupied lands on either side of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean between present-day Spain and France.

Spanish language

SpanishSpanish-languageCastilian
languages = Spanish In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain.

Bay of Biscay

BiscayCantabrian Seanorthern coast of the peninsula
The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
It lies along the western coast of France from Point Penmarc'h to the Spanish border, and the northern coast of Spain west to Cape Ortegal.

List of World Heritage Sites in Spain

UNESCO World Heritage SiteSpainUNESCO World Heritage Sites
Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Spain accepted the convention on May 4, 1982, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.

Hispanophone

Spanish-speakingSpanish-speaking worldSpanish-speaking countries
In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
Around 360 million live in Hispanic America and 45 million in Spain (70 million in Europe).

Hispania

SpainRomanRomans
Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania.
The modern placenames Spain and Hispaniola are both derived from Hispania.