Spanish East Indies

SpanishPhilippinesSpanish PhilippinesEast IndiesSpanish colonySpanish rulecertain Spanish possessionsSpainSpanish colonizationSpanish Empire
The Spanish East Indies were the overseas territories of the Spanish Empire in Asia and Oceania from 1565 until 1901.wikipedia
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Spanish Empire

SpanishSpainSpanish colonies
The Spanish East Indies were the overseas territories of the Spanish Empire in Asia and Oceania from 1565 until 1901.
Philip II ruled over the greatest maritime powers (Spain, Portugal, and the Low Countries), Sicily and Naples, Franche-Comté in France, the Rhineland in Germany, an uninterrupted tract of the Americas from the viceroyalty of New Spain bordering modern-day Canada all the way down to Patagonia, trading ports throughout India and South Asia, the Spanish East Indies, and select holdings in Guinea and North Africa.

Caroline Islands

CarolinesCarolineWestern Carolines
At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Marianas, Carolines, Palaos and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa (Taiwan), Sulawesi (Celebes) and the Moluccas (Maluku).
Historically, this area was also called Nuevas Filipinas or New Philippines as they were part of the Spanish East Indies and governed from Manila in the Philippines.

Captaincy General of the Philippines

PhilippinesSpanish Philippinesthe Philippines
Administratively, the Spanish East Indies was part of the Captaincy General of the Philippines and the Real Audiencia of Manila.
The Captaincy General encompassed the Spanish East Indies, which included among others the Philippine Islands and the Caroline Islands.

Guam

Territory of GuamGUGuamanian
At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Marianas, Carolines, Palaos and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa (Taiwan), Sulawesi (Celebes) and the Moluccas (Maluku).
The islands were part of the Spanish East Indies, and in turn part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, based in Mexico City.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Marianas, Carolines, Palaos and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa (Taiwan), Sulawesi (Celebes) and the Moluccas (Maluku).
They established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies (1571).

Spanish–American War

Spanish-American Warwar with SpainSpanish American War
As a result of the Spanish–American War in 1898, the Philippines and Guam were occupied by the United States while about 6,000 of the remaining smaller islands were sold to Germany in the German–Spanish Treaty of 1899.
The war led to emergence of U.S. predominance in the Caribbean region, and resulted in U.S. acquisition of Spain's Pacific possessions.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
Cebu was the first seat of government, later transferred to Manila.
The victorious Spaniards made Manila, the capital of the Spanish East Indies and of the Philippines, which their empire would control for the next three centuries.

East Indies

IndiesEastEast Indian
The expedition took them further into the archipelago to the Visayan island of Cebu, where Magellan's chaplain, Pedro Valderrama, baptised the local monarch Rajah Humabon, his chief consort, and his subjects.Seeking to develop trade between the East Indies and the Americas across the Pacific Ocean, Antonio de Mendoza encouraged the exploration of these Asian territories and commissioned the expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines in 1542–1543.
Dutch-occupied colonies in the area were known for about 300 years as the Dutch East Indies before Indonesian independence, while Spanish-occupied colonies were known as the Spanish East Indies before the American conquest and later Philippine independence.

Miguel López de Legazpi

Miguel Lopez de LegazpiLegazpiMiguel Lopez de Legaspi
Miguel López de Legazpi set out from Mexico, and established the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines in 1565, which became the town of San Miguel in present-day Cebu.
After obtaining peace with various indigenous nations and kingdoms, he made Cebu the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1565 and later transferred to Manila in 1571.

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New SpainSpanishNueva España
From 1565 to 1821 these territories, together with the Spanish West Indies, were administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain based in Mexico City.
New Spain was the New World terminus of the Philippine trade, making the kingdom a vital link between Spain's New World empire and its Asian empire.

Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEX
The Manila-Acapulco galleons shipped products gathered from both Asia-Pacific and the Americas, such as silk, spices, silver, gold and other Asian-Pacific islander products to Mexico.
The Viceregal capital Mexico City also administrated the Spanish West Indies (the Caribbean), the Spanish East Indies (the Philippines), and Spanish Florida.

Keelung

Keelung CityKeelung, TaiwanKiirun
In northeastern Taiwan, the Spaniards built Fort Santo Domingo near Keelung in 1626 and a mission in Tamsui in 1628, which they occupied until they lost in the Second Battle of San Salvador.
The Spanish expedition to Formosa in the early 17th century was its first contact with the West; by 1624 the Spanish had built San Salvador de Quelung, a fort in Keelung serving as an outpost of the Manila-based Spanish East Indies.

German–Spanish Treaty (1899)

German–Spanish TreatyGerman–Spanish Treaty of 1899German-Spanish Treaty
As a result of the Spanish–American War in 1898, the Philippines and Guam were occupied by the United States while about 6,000 of the remaining smaller islands were sold to Germany in the German–Spanish Treaty of 1899.
Cuba became independent while the United States took possession of Puerto Rico along with the Philippines and Guam from the Spanish East Indies (Spain's Pacific Ocean colonies).

Gabriela Silang

GabrielaGabriela Cariñohis wife
The British promised support for an uprising led by Diego Silang and his wife Gabriela but the British force never materialized.
She took over the reins of her husband Diego Silang's revolutionary movement after his assassination in 1763, leading the Ilocano rebel movement for four months before she was captured and executed by the colonial government of the Spanish East Indies.

Cebu

Cebu IslandCebu ProvinceCebú
The expedition took them further into the archipelago to the Visayan island of Cebu, where Magellan's chaplain, Pedro Valderrama, baptised the local monarch Rajah Humabon, his chief consort, and his subjects.Seeking to develop trade between the East Indies and the Americas across the Pacific Ocean, Antonio de Mendoza encouraged the exploration of these Asian territories and commissioned the expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines in 1542–1543.
Cebu is the capital of the Catholic faith by virtue of being the first Christian city, the first capital of the Spanish East Indies, and the birthplace of Christianity and the Philippine Church.

Spanish West Indies

Spanish CaribbeanWest IndiesCaribbean
From 1565 to 1821 these territories, together with the Spanish West Indies, were administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain based in Mexico City.

Sultanate of Sulu

SuluSulu SultanateSultan of Sulu
The rest of Mindanao (Caesarea Karoli)—aside from outposts in Northern Mindanao, Zamboanga, Cotabato, and the islands of Basilan and Jolo, the rest was nominally under Spanish control, recognizing Spanish rule, but left to administer their own affairs, as in the cases of the Sulu, and the Maguindanao sultanates, as well as a number of other Lumad tribes not affiliated with either.
Due to the arrival of western powers such as the Spanish, British, Dutch, French, German and American, the Sultan thalassocracy and sovereign political powers were relinquished by 1915 through an agreement that was signed with the last colonialist, the United States.

José Basco y Vargas

Jose Basco y VargasBascoBasco y Vargas
(The plan to introduce more intendencias throughout the Philippines did not materialize.) In a similar vein, to promote innovation and education among the residents of the islands, Governor-General José Basco y Vargas established the Economic Society of the Friends of the Country.
He established the Sociedad Económica de los Amigos del País, or the Economic Society of Friends of the Country, which revived the tobacco industry in the Spanish Philippines.

Palau

Palau IslandsPalausRepublic of Palau
At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Marianas, Carolines, Palaos and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa (Taiwan), Sulawesi (Celebes) and the Moluccas (Maluku).
The islands were first explored by Europeans in the 16th century, and were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1574.

Northern Mariana Islands

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern MarianasNorthern Marianas Islands
Spain regarded the islands as annexed and later made them part of the Spanish East Indies in 1565.

Battle of San Salvador (1642)

Second Battle of San Salvador
In northeastern Taiwan, the Spaniards built Fort Santo Domingo near Keelung in 1626 and a mission in Tamsui in 1628, which they occupied until they lost in the Second Battle of San Salvador.

Real Audiencia of Manila

Real AudienciaRoyal Audience of ManilaManila
Administratively, the Spanish East Indies was part of the Captaincy General of the Philippines and the Real Audiencia of Manila.
The Real Audiencia de Manila (Royal Audience of Manila) was the Real Audiencia of the Spanish East Indies, which included modern-day Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Micronesia and the Philippines.

Catálogo alfabético de apellidos

Catalogo Alfabetico de Apellidosthe PhilippinesAlphabetical Catalog of Surnames
A large part of the population in these countries use Spanish names and surnames.
The Catálogo alfabético de apellidos (Alphabetical Catalogue of Surnames; Alpabetikong Katalogo ng mga apelyedo) is a book of surnames in the Philippines and other islands of Spanish East Indies published in the mid-19th century.

Luzon

Luzon IslandNorthern LuzonLuzon, Philippines
In terms of ethnicity, the inhabitants of these territories (1/3rd of Luzon island's population and port-cities and military outposts, mainly Iloilo, Cebu, Legaspi, Vigan and Zamboanga etc.) are descendants of Latin American and Spanish settlers.
The Spanish arrival in the 16th century saw the incorporation of the Lucoes people and the breaking up of their kingdoms and the establishment of the Las Islas Filipinas with its capital Cebu, which was moved to Manila following the defeat of the local Rajah Sulayman in 1570.

Federated States of Micronesia

MicronesiaMicronesianMicronesia, Federated States of
The Spanish incorporated the archipelago to the Spanish East Indies through the capital, Manila, and in the 19th century established a number of outposts and missions.