Spanish language

SpanishSpanish-languageCastilianesSpanish-speakingSpanish:Castilian languageCastilian SpanishSp.Sp
Spanish, or Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has over 450 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas.wikipedia
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Americas

Americathe AmericasAmerican
Spanish, or Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has over 450 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas.
The Americas (also collectively called America; Amérique, Amerika, Spanish and Portuguese: América) comprise the totality of the continents of North and South America.

World language

global languageWorld Languagesinternational language
It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
On similar grounds, French and Spanish are also commonly categorized as world languages.

Romance languages

RomanceRomance languageRomanic
Spanish, or Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has over 450 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas.
The five most widely spoken Romance languages by number of native speakers are Spanish (470 million), Portuguese (250 million), French (150 million), Italian (90 million), and Romanian (25 million).

List of Spanish words of Nahuatl origin

hundreds or thousand more wordsNahuatl
Additionally, it has absorbed vocabulary from other languages, particularly other Romance languages—French, Italian, Andalusi Romance, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian—as well as from Quechua, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
As a rule of thumb, a Spanish word for an animal, plant, food or home appliance widely used in Mexico and ending in "-te" is highly likely to have a Nahuatl origin.

Gothic language

GothicVisigothicGoth.
It has also been influenced by Basque, Iberian, Celtiberian, Visigothic, and by neighboring Ibero-Romance languages.
All others, including Burgundian and Vandalic, are known, if at all, only from proper names that survived in historical accounts, and from loanwords in other languages such as Portuguese, Spanish, and French.

List of languages by number of native speakers

numbermost spoken languages20 languages with the largest numbers of native speakers
It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

Vulgar Latin

Proto-RomanceLatinVulgar
Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century.
The Romance languages, such as Catalan, French, Italian, Occitan, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish all evolved from Vulgar Latin and not from Classical Latin.

Sardinian language

Sardiniansrdindigenous language
Additionally, it has absorbed vocabulary from other languages, particularly other Romance languages—French, Italian, Andalusi Romance, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian—as well as from Quechua, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
However, it also incorporates a Pre-Latin (mostly Paleo-Sardinian and, to a much lesser degree, Punic) substratum, as well as a Byzantine Greek, Catalan, Spanish and Italian superstratum due to the political history of the island, which became a Byzantine possession followed by a significant period of self-rule, fell into the Iberian sphere of influence in the late Middle Ages, and eventually into the Italian one in the 18th century.

List of Spanish words of Indigenous American Indian origin

adopted a number of words from some of themAmericashere
Additionally, it has absorbed vocabulary from other languages, particularly other Romance languages—French, Italian, Andalusi Romance, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian—as well as from Quechua, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
This is a list of Spanish words that come from indigenous languages of the Americas.

Iberian Romance languages

Ibero-RomanceIberian RomanceIberian Romance language
Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century.
Evolved from the Vulgar Latin of Iberia, the most widely spoken Iberian Romance languages are Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan and Galician.

List of countries where Spanish is an official language

Spanish-speaking countriesSpanish speaking countriesSpanish-speaking
It is also used as an official language by the European Union, the Organization of American States, the Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the African Union and [[List of countries where Spanish is an official language#International organizations where Spanish is official|many other international organizations]].
The following is a list of countries where Spanish is an official language, plus a number of countries where Spanish, or any language closely related to it, is an important or significant language.

Hispanic America

Spanish AmericaSpanish AmericanAmerica
Spanish is the official or national language in Spain, Equatorial Guinea, and 19 countries in the Americas.
Hispanic America (Spanish: Hispanoamérica or América Hispana), also known as Spanish America (Spanish: América española), is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas.

Portuguese language

PortuguesePortuguese-languageBrazilian Portuguese
Additionally, it has absorbed vocabulary from other languages, particularly other Romance languages—French, Italian, Andalusi Romance, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian—as well as from Quechua, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
It is also the second-most spoken language, after Spanish, in South America and all of Latin America, one of the 10 most spoken languages in Africa and is an official language of the European Union, Mercosur, OAS, ECOWAS and the African Union.

Spanish language in science and technology

does not feature prominently in scientific writing
Despite its large number of speakers, the Spanish language does not feature prominently in scientific writing, with the exception of the humanities.
The Spanish language is used in a wide range of areas of science and technology.

Official language

official languagesofficialadministrative language
It is also used as an official language by the European Union, the Organization of American States, the Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the African Union and [[List of countries where Spanish is an official language#International organizations where Spanish is official|many other international organizations]]. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 uses the term castellano to define the official language of the whole Spanish State in contrast to las demás lenguas españolas (lit.
Arabic, French, and Spanish are also widely recognized.

Spanish language in the Americas

Latin American SpanishSpanish (Latin America) American Spanish
Speakers in the Americas total some 418 million.
The different varieties of the Spanish language spoken in the Americas are distinct from Peninsular Spanish and Spanish spoken elsewhere, such as in Africa and Asia.

Official languages of the United Nations

six official languagesofficial language of the United Nationsco-official language of the United Nations
Spanish is one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English.

Constitution of Spain

Spanish ConstitutionSpanish Constitution of 1978Constitution
The Spanish Constitution of 1978 uses the term castellano to define the official language of the whole Spanish State in contrast to las demás lenguas españolas (lit.
The Spanish Constitution (Spanish and Constitución Española; Espainiako Konstituzioa; Constitució Espanyola; Constitucion espanhòla) is the democratic law that is supreme in the Kingdom of Spain.

Instituto Cervantes

Cervantes InstituteCentro Virtual CervantesInstituto Cervantes de Manila
Instituto Cervantes claims that there are an estimated 477 million Spanish speakers with native competence and 572 million Spanish speakers as a first or second language—including speakers with limited competence—and more than 21 million students of Spanish as a foreign language.
The Cervantes Institute, a government agency, is the largest organization in the world responsible for promoting the study and the teaching of Spanish language and culture.

Languages of Spain

Official language(s)Official languageOfficial languages
In Spain and in some other parts of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is called not only español (Spanish) but also castellano (Castilian), the language from the kingdom of Castile, contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain such as Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan.
Romance languages are the most widely spoken in Spain; of which Spanish is the only language which has official status for the whole country.

African Union

AUthe African UnionAfrica Union
It is also used as an official language by the European Union, the Organization of American States, the Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the African Union and [[List of countries where Spanish is an official language#International organizations where Spanish is official|many other international organizations]].
The primary languages spoken include English, French, Arabic, Swahili, Portuguese, Spanish and the languages of Africa.

Royal Spanish Academy

Real Academia EspañolaSpanish Royal AcademySpanish Academy
The Spanish Royal Academy, on the other hand, currently uses the term español in its publications, but from 1713 to 1923 called the language castellano.
The Royal Spanish Academy (Spanish: Real Academia Española, generally abbreviated as RAE) is Spain's official royal institution with a mission to ensure the stability of the Spanish language.

Old Spanish language

Old SpanishCastilianMedieval Spanish
The term hispanione evolved into the Old Spanish españón, which eventually, became español.
Old Spanish, also known as Old Castilian (castellano antiguo; ) or Medieval Spanish (español medieval), was originally a colloquial Latin spoken in the provinces of the Roman Empire that provided the root for the early form of the Spanish language that was spoken on the Iberian Peninsula from the 10th century until roughly the beginning of the 15th century, before a consonantal readjustment gave rise to the evolution of modern Spanish.

Occitan language

OccitanProvençallangue d'oc
Additionally, it has absorbed vocabulary from other languages, particularly other Romance languages—French, Italian, Andalusi Romance, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian—as well as from Quechua, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages of the Americas. In Spain and in some other parts of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is called not only español (Spanish) but also castellano (Castilian), the language from the kingdom of Castile, contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain such as Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan.
Unlike other Romance languages such as French or Spanish, there is no single written standard language called "Occitan", and Occitan has no official status in France, home to most of Occitania.

Aragonese language

AragoneseAra.Aragonese orthography
In Spain and in some other parts of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is called not only español (Spanish) but also castellano (Castilian), the language from the kingdom of Castile, contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain such as Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan.
It is the only modern language which survived from medieval Navarro-Aragonese in a form distinctly different from Spanish.