Spartacus

slave tracerebel leaderSpartacist RebellionSpartacus mythologySpartacus' WarSprartacus from Prortigal
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.wikipedia
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Slave rebellion

slave revoltslave revoltsslave insurrection
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
Other famous historic slave rebellions have been led by the Roman slave Spartacus (c.

Slavery in ancient Rome

slavesslaveslavery
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
The use of former soldiers as slaves led perhaps inevitably to a series of en masse armed rebellions, the Servile Wars, the last of which was led by Spartacus.

Gannicus

Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
Gannicus was a Celtic slave, who together with the Thracian Spartacus, Crixus, Castus and Oenomaus, became one of the leaders of rebel slaves during the Third Servile War (73–71 BC).

Third Servile War

slave revoltmajor slave uprisingGladiator War
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
The slaves wandered through Italia, raiding estates and towns with relative impunity, sometimes dividing into separate but connected bands with several leaders, including the famous gladiator-general Spartacus.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
Mass slavery also caused three Servile Wars; the last of them was led by Spartacus, a skilful gladiator who ravaged Italy and left Rome powerless until his defeat in 71 BC.

Crixus

Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
At this time, the band of former slaves chose Crixus—with the Thracian Spartacus, and the Gaul Oenomaus - as one of their leaders.

Gladiator

gladiatorsgladiatorialgladiatorial combat
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
He had more available in Capua but the Senate, mindful of the recent Spartacus revolt and fearful of Caesar's burgeoning private armies and rising popularity, imposed a limit of 320 pairs as the maximum number of gladiators any citizen could keep in Rome.

Oenomaus (rebel slave)

OenomausDoctoreOenameaus
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
Together with the Thracian Spartacus and the fellow Gauls Crixus, Castus and Gannicus, he became one of the leaders of rebellious slaves during the Third Servile War (73–71 BC)

Castus (rebel)

Castus
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
Castus was an enslaved Gallic man who, together with the Thracian Spartacus, the fellow Gaul Crixus, and Celt Gannicus, alongside Oenomaus, was one of the leaders of rebellious slaves during the Third Servile War (73-71 BC).

Lentulus Batiatus

BatiatusQuintus Lentulus Batiatus
Spartacus was trained at the gladiatorial school (ludus) near Capua belonging to Lentulus Batiatus.
It was from this school that, in 73 BC, the Thracian slave Spartacus and about 70 to 78 followers escaped.

Gaius Claudius Glaber

Claudius GlaberGlaber
Rome dispatched militia under the command of praetor Gaius Claudius Glaber, who besieged Spartacus and his camp on Mount Vesuvius, hoping that starvation would force Spartacus to surrender.
He was defeated in the battle of Mount Vesuvius against the forces of Spartacus during the Third Servile War.

Marcus Licinius Crassus

CrassusMarcus CrassusLicinius Crassus
Alarmed at the continued threat posed by the slaves, the Senate charged Marcus Licinius Crassus, the wealthiest man in Rome and the only volunteer for the position, with ending the rebellion.
Crassus rose to political prominence following his victory over the slave revolt led by Spartacus, sharing the consulship with his rival Pompey the Great.

Lucius Gellius Publicola (consul 72 BC)

Lucius Gellius PublicolaLucius Gellius PoplicolaL. Gellius Publicola
At the same time, the Roman Senate, alarmed by the defeat of the praetorian forces, dispatched a pair of consular legions under the command of Lucius Gellius Publicola and Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus.
A supporter of Pompey, he is noted for being one of the consular generals who led Roman legions against the slave armies of Spartacus in the Third Servile War.

Capua

Capuan AmphitheaterAmphitheatre in CapuaAncient Capua
Spartacus was trained at the gladiatorial school (ludus) near Capua belonging to Lentulus Batiatus.
From the gladiatorial schools of Campania came Spartacus and his followers in 73 BC.

Nocera Inferiore

NoceraNuceriaNuceria Alfaterna
They spent the winter of 73–72 BC training, arming and equipping their new recruits, and expanding their raiding territory to include the towns of Nola, Nuceria, Thurii and Metapontum.
In 73 BC it was plundered by Spartacus.

Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus

Cn. Cornelius Lentulus ClodianusGnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus (consul 72 BC)Lentulus
At the same time, the Roman Senate, alarmed by the defeat of the praetorian forces, dispatched a pair of consular legions under the command of Lucius Gellius Publicola and Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus.
Closely linked to the family of Pompey, he is noted for being one of the consular generals who led Roman legions against the slave armies of Spartacus in the Third Servile War.

Senerchia

The final battle that saw the assumed defeat of Spartacus in 71 BC took place on the present territory of Senerchia on the right bank of the river Sele in the area that includes the border with Oliveto Citra up to those of Calabritto, near the village of Quaglietta, in the High Sele Valley, which at that time was part of Lucania.
It was the site of the defeat of Spartacus and is noted for the ruins of an ancient castle.

Nola

Festival of the LiliesPiazzolla di NolaNola, Italy
They spent the winter of 73–72 BC training, arming and equipping their new recruits, and expanding their raiding territory to include the towns of Nola, Nuceria, Thurii and Metapontum.
It was stormed by Spartacus during his failed slave revolt.

Spartacus League

Spartacist LeagueSpartacistsSpartacist
Spartacus has been a great inspiration to left-wing revolutionaries, most notably the German Spartacus League (1915–18), a forerunner of the Communist Party of Germany.
The Spartacus League (Spartakusbund) was a Marxist revolutionary movement organized in Germany during World War I. The League was named after Spartacus, leader of the largest slave rebellion of the Roman Republic.

Pompey

Pompey the GreatGnaeus Pompeius MagnusPompeius
At this time, the legions of Pompey returned from Hispania and were ordered by the Senate to head south to aid Crassus.
While Pompey was in Hispania the rebellion of the slaves led by Spartacus (the Third Servile War, 73–71 BC) broke out.

FC Spartak Moscow

Spartak MoscowSpartakSpartak Moskva
Again the team changed its name, this time to "Spartak Moscow" (the name Spartak means "Spartacus", a gladiator who led an uprising against Ancient Rome).

Decimation (Roman army)

decimationdecimateddecimate
Crassus was put in charge of eight legions, approximately 40,000 trained Roman soldiers, which he treated with harsh, even brutal, discipline, reviving the punishment of unit decimation.
The practice was revived by Marcus Licinius Crassus in 71 BC during the Third Servile War against Spartacus, and some historical sources attribute part of Crassus' success to it.

Thracians

Thracianancient ThraceThrace
Spartacus (Σπάρτακος ; Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.

Maedi

MediMaedoBythiniMaedica
The Greek essayist Plutarch describes Spartacus as "a Thracian of Nomadic stock", in a possible reference to the Maedi tribe.
The ancient historian and biographer Plutarch describes Spartacus as "a Thracian of nomadic stock", in a possible reference to the Maedi.

Crucifixion

crucifiedcrucifycross
Six thousand survivors of the revolt captured by the legions of Crassus were crucified, lining the Appian Way from Rome to Capua.
Notorious mass crucifixions followed the Third Servile War in 73–71 BC (the slave rebellion under Spartacus), other Roman civil wars in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC.