Special education

Special Schoolspecial educational needsspecial schoolsspecial needsspecial needs educationspecialspecial needs schoolSENExceptional educationSE
Special education (also known as special-needs education, aided education, exceptional education, special ed. or SPED) is the practice of educating students in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs.wikipedia
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Emotional and behavioral disorders

behavioral disorderbehavioral disordersemotional
Special education includes learning disabilities (such as dyslexia), communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders (such as ADHD), physical disabilities (such as osteogenesis imperfecta, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, and Friedreich's ataxia), and developmental disabilities (such as autistic spectrum disorders including autism and Asperger syndrome and intellectual disability) and many other disabilities.
Emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD; also known as behavioral and emotional disorders (ICD-10)); refer to a disability classification used in educational settings that allows educational institutions to provide special education and related services to students who have displayed poor social and/or academic progress.

Remedial education

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Whereas special education is designed specifically for students with learning disabilities, remedial education can be designed for any students, with or without special needs; the defining trait is simply that they have reached a point of unpreparedness, regardless of why.
Whereas special education is designed specifically for students with special needs, remedial education can be designed for any students, with or without special needs; the defining trait is simply that they have reached a point of lack of preparedness, regardless of why.

Inclusion (education)

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In recent times, places available in special schools are declining as more children with special needs are educated in mainstream schools.
Inclusion rejects but still provides the use of special schools or classrooms to separate students with disabilities from students without disabilities.

Individualized Education Program

IEPIndividualized Education PlanIEPs
In the United States, Canada, and the UK, educational professionals use a student's Individualized Education Program (IEP).
Placements in Public Schools often occur in "general education” classrooms. Other types of placements include RSP(within a resource room), Special Day Class, Self Contained Class, Co-Teacher and specialized classes or sub-specialties taught by a special education teacher. Students can also be exited from an IEP if through re-evaluation, it is determined that the student is no longer eligible.

Response to intervention

RTIeducational interventionsintervention
The response to intervention model advocates earlier intervention.
As RTI is a regular education initiative, all three tiers of services are intended to be provided as supplements to, not replacements for, the regular education curriculum; there are some, however, who view Tier 3 as special education.

Curriculum

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General education is the standard curriculum presented without special teaching methods or supports.
The National Curriculum of Korea covers kindergarten, primary, secondary, and special education.

Autism

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Special education includes learning disabilities (such as dyslexia), communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders (such as ADHD), physical disabilities (such as osteogenesis imperfecta, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, and Friedreich's ataxia), and developmental disabilities (such as autistic spectrum disorders including autism and Asperger syndrome and intellectual disability) and many other disabilities.
Services should be carried out by behavior analysts, special education teachers, speech pathologists, and licensed psychologists.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

IDEA 2004IDEAIndividuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
In the United States, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that requires that every school system in the nation must provide a free and appropriate public education for every child, ages 3 to 22, regardless of how or how seriously that child may be disabled. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires that students with special needs be provided with a Free Appropriate Public Education in the Least Restrictive Environment that is appropriate to the student's needs.
2484 (2009) addressed the issue of whether the parents of a student who has never received special education services from a public school district are potentially eligible for reimbursement of private school tuition for that student under the IDEA.

Reading for special needs

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They then receive additional assistance such as participating in a reading remediation program.
Special education teachers may supplement the classroom instruction in reading and writing skills based on the independent performance of their students.

Intellectual disability

mental retardationintellectually disabledintellectual disabilities
Special education includes learning disabilities (such as dyslexia), communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders (such as ADHD), physical disabilities (such as osteogenesis imperfecta, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, and Friedreich's ataxia), and developmental disabilities (such as autistic spectrum disorders including autism and Asperger syndrome and intellectual disability) and many other disabilities.
Of the costs, about 14% is due to increased medical expenses (not including what is normally incurred by the typical person), and 10% is due to direct non-medical expenses, such as the excess cost of special education compared to standard schooling.

Learning disability

learning disabilitieslearning difficultieslearning disorders
Special education includes learning disabilities (such as dyslexia), communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders (such as ADHD), physical disabilities (such as osteogenesis imperfecta, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, and Friedreich's ataxia), and developmental disabilities (such as autistic spectrum disorders including autism and Asperger syndrome and intellectual disability) and many other disabilities.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, formerly known as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, is a United States federal law that governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to children with disabilities.

Asperger syndrome

Asperger's syndromeAspergerAsperger’s syndrome
Special education includes learning disabilities (such as dyslexia), communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders (such as ADHD), physical disabilities (such as osteogenesis imperfecta, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, and Friedreich's ataxia), and developmental disabilities (such as autistic spectrum disorders including autism and Asperger syndrome and intellectual disability) and many other disabilities.
Although many attend regular education classes, some children with AS may utilize special education services because of their social and behavioral difficulties.

Gifted education

gifted and talentedGifted and Talented Educationgifted
Gifted education is handled separately.
In contrast with special education, gifted education is not regulated on a federal level, although recommendations by the US Department of Education are offered.

Resource room

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Students with these kinds of disabilities are likely to benefit from additional educational services such as different approaches to teaching, the use of technology, a specifically adapted teaching area, or a resource room.
A resource room is a separate, remedial classroom in a school where students with educational disabilities, such as specific learning disabilities, are given direct, specialized instruction and academic remediation and assistance with homework and related assignments as individuals or in groups.

Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004

Additional Support NeedsAdditional Support for Learning ActAdditional Support Needs Act
In Scotland the Additional Support Needs Act places an obligation on education authorities to meet the needs of all students in consultation with other agencies and parents.
It seeks to redefine the law relating to the provision of special education to children with additional needs by establishing a framework for the policies of inclusion and generally practicing the "presumption of mainstreaming" in Scottish education.

Autism spectrum

autism spectrum disorderautisticautism spectrum disorders
Special education includes learning disabilities (such as dyslexia), communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders (such as ADHD), physical disabilities (such as osteogenesis imperfecta, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, and Friedreich's ataxia), and developmental disabilities (such as autistic spectrum disorders including autism and Asperger syndrome and intellectual disability) and many other disabilities.
Intensive, sustained special education programs and behavior therapy early in life can help children acquire self-care, social, and job skills.

Learning space

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Mainstreaming (education)

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Self-contained classrooms, because they are located in a general education school, may have students who remain in the self-contained classroom full-time, or students who are included in certain general education classes.
Resulting in students with special education needs (SEN) spending 25% of their time working outside of the classroom, and a reduction of teacher interaction in a whole class setting from 30% to 22%.

Early childhood intervention

early interventioninterventionistDevelopmental Therapeutics
Early childhood intervention came about as a natural progression from special education for children with disabilities (Guralnick, 1997).

European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education

28 European countries are covered by the European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
In terms of thinking, implementation and language usage, the concept ‘special needs education’ has shifted towards ‘inclusive education’.

Disability and poverty

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As a consequence, 98 percent of children with special needs in developing countries do not have access to education.
Children with disabilities often require specialized educational resources and teaching practices largely unavailable in developing countries.

Special education in the United Kingdom

Special Educational NeedsSENspecial needs
In England and Wales the acronym SEN for Special Educational Needs denotes the condition of having special educational needs, the services which provide the support and the programmes and staff which implement the education.

Least restrictive environment

LRE
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires that students with special needs be provided with a Free Appropriate Public Education in the Least Restrictive Environment that is appropriate to the student's needs.

Disadvantaged

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