Special member state territories and the European Union

Overseas Countries and Territoriesoutermost regionoutermost regionsoverseas country or territoryspecial statusEU member state special territoriesoverseas territoryspecial member state territoriesOCTSpecial Member State territory
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.wikipedia
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Canary Islands

Canary IslandCanariesCanarian
The vast majority of this land area, 2,166,000 square kilometres (660,000 sq mi), is represented by Greenland, while the largest region by population, the Canary Islands, accounts for more than a third of the total special territories population.
The Canary Islands, which are also known informally as the Canaries, are among the outermost regions (OMR) of the European Union proper.

Overseas Countries and Territories Association

Association of the Overseas Countries and Territories of the European Union
22 Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT) that do not form part of the European Union, though they cooperate with the EU via the Overseas Countries and Territories Association.
It includes almost all special member state territories of European Union whose purpose is to improve economic development in overseas countries and territories and cooperation with the European Union.

Madeira

Madeira IslandsAutonomous Region of MadeiraMadeira Island
Azores and Madeira are two groups of Portuguese islands in the Atlantic.
The autonomous region is an integral part of the European Union as an outermost region.

Réunion

La RéunionReunion IslandRéunion Island
French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion are five French overseas departments (which are also overseas regions) which under French law are, for the most part, treated as integral parts of the Republic.
Réunion is an outermost region of the European Union and, as an overseas department of France, part of the eurozone.

Euro

EUReuros
The euro is legal tender; however, they are outside the Schengen Area and the EU VAT Area.
Outside Europe, a number of special territories of EU members also use the euro as their currency.

Schengen Area

SchengenSchengen zoneSchengen countries
The euro is legal tender; however, they are outside the Schengen Area and the EU VAT Area. All form part of the European Union customs area, however some fall outside of the Schengen Area and the European Union Value Added Tax Area.
There are territories of Schengen member states that are exempted from the Schengen Agreement.

Martinique

MartiniquaisMartinicanMartiniquan
French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion are five French overseas departments (which are also overseas regions) which under French law are, for the most part, treated as integral parts of the Republic.
It is also an outermost region of the European Union.

European Union Customs Union

customs unionEU Customs UnionEUCU
All form part of the European Union customs area, however some fall outside of the Schengen Area and the European Union Value Added Tax Area.
Territories of member states which have remained outside of the EU (overseas territories of the European Union) generally do not participate in the customs union.

Saint Barthélemy

Saint-BarthélemySaint BarthelemySt. Barts
The Treaty of Lisbon included two additional territories (Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin) in 2007.
St. Barthélemy became an overseas territory of the European Union on 1 January 2012, but the island's inhabitants remain French citizens with EU status holding EU passports.

Mayotte

Mayotte IslandMahoréMahoran
French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion are five French overseas departments (which are also overseas regions) which under French law are, for the most part, treated as integral parts of the Republic. Mayotte, which was an OCT that joined the EU as a OMR with effect from 1 January 2014.
However following a directive of the European Council in December 2013, Mayotte became an outermost region of the European Union on 1 January 2014.

Caribbean Netherlands

special municipalitiesBES islandsspecial municipality
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba (collectively called Caribbean Netherlands) are "special municipalities" of the Netherlands proper.
The islands are currently classified as public bodies in the Netherlands and as overseas countries and territories of the European Union; thus, EU law does not automatically apply.

Convention on the association of the Netherlands Antilles with the European Economic Community

Netherlands Antilles Association ConventionNetherlands Antilles Convention
Following the entry into force of the [[Convention on the association of the Netherlands Antilles with the European Economic Community]] on 1 October 1964, however, the Netherlands Antilles became OCTs.
The Convention on the association of the Netherlands Antilles with the European Economic Community is an international agreement amending the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, with the aim of awarding OCT status to the Netherlands Antilles, which was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1954 until 2010.

European Development Fund

EDFEuropean Development Fund (EDF)
As such, they benefit from being able to have their own export and import policy to and from the EU, while still having access to receive various EU funds (i.e. from the European Development Fund).
The European Development Fund (EDF) is the main instrument for European Union (EU) aid for development cooperation in Africa, the Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP Group) countries and the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT).

Member state of the European Union

member statesEU member statesmember states of the European Union
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.
States such as France have a number of overseas territories, retained from their former empires.

Treaty of Lisbon

Lisbon TreatyLisbonReform Treaty
The Treaty of Lisbon included two additional territories (Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin) in 2007. The Outermost Regions were recognised at the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 and confirmed by the Treaty of Lisbon in 2007.
Instead, the European Council may, on the initiative of the member state concerned, change the status of an overseas country or territory (OCT) to an outermost region (OMR) or vice versa.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.

Azores

Azores IslandsAzoreanthe Azores
Azores and Madeira are two groups of Portuguese islands in the Atlantic.
The Azores, like Madeira and the Canary Islands, are among member state territories with special status, as one of the designated "Outermost Regions".

Falkland Islands

FalklandsFalklands IslandsFalkland Island
Twelve of the fourteen British Overseas Territories have OCT status namely: Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Antarctic Territory, the British Indian Ocean Territory, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Falkland Islands, Montserrat, the Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
As a territory of the United Kingdom, the Falklands are part of the overseas countries and territories of the European Union.

Customs union

customsCUcustom union
The German village of Büsingen am Hochrhein, is an exclave entirely surrounded by Switzerland and as such is, for practical purposes in a customs union with the latter non-EU country.
Additionally, the autonomous and dependent territories such as some of the EU member state special territories are sometimes treated as separate customs territories from their mainland states or have varying arrangements of formal or de facto customs union, common market and currency union (or combinations thereof) with the mainland and in regards to third countries through the trade pacts signed by the mainland state.

Bonaire

BonarianGeography of BonaireBonaire Island
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba (collectively called Caribbean Netherlands) are "special municipalities" of the Netherlands proper.
They are considered to be an overseas country and territory.

Gibraltar

GIBGibraltar Health AuthorityGibraltarian
Gibraltar is a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula and overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar, sharing a border with Spain to the north.
Gibraltar is part of the European Union, having joined through the European Communities Act 1972 (UK), which gave effect to the Treaty of Accession 1972, as a dependent territory of the United Kingdom under what was then article 227(4) of the Treaty Establishing the European Community covering special member state territories, with exemption from some areas such as the European Union Customs Union, Common Agricultural Policy and the Schengen Area.

Netherlands Antilles

Netherlands West IndiesDutch AntillesDutch Antillean
The islands inherited their OCT status from the Netherlands Antilles which was dissolved in 2010.
The Netherlands Antilles were not part of the European Union, but instead listed as overseas countries and territories (OCTs).

Isle of Man

ManxMannIsle of Mann
The Isle of Man is a Crown dependency, under the sovereignty of the British monarch.
The Isle of Man is neither part of the European Union, nor has a special status, and thus did not take part in the 2016 referendum on the UK's EU membership.

Faroe Islands

FaroeseFaroesFaeroe Islands
The Faroe Islands are not part of the EU, and they have not been part of the EU since Denmark joined the community in 1973.
Moreover, a protocol to the treaty of accession of Denmark to the European Communities stipulates that Danish nationals residing in the Faroe Islands are not considered Danish nationals within the meaning of the treaties.

Currency union

monetary unionsingle currencycommon currency
Additionally the autonomous and dependent territories, such as some of the EU member state special territories, are sometimes treated as separate customs territory from their mainland state or have varying arrangements of formal or de facto customs union, common market and currency union (or combinations thereof) with the mainland and in regards to third countries through the trade pacts signed by the mainland state.