Special wards of Tokyo

special wardwardspecial wards23 special wardswards23 special wards of TokyoTokyoTokyo wardwards of Tokyo23 Wards of Tokyo
Special wards of Tokyo are a special form of municipalities in Japan under the 1947 Local Autonomy Law.wikipedia
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Tokyo

Tokyo, JapanTokyo MetropolisTōkyō
Although the autonomy law today allows for special wards to be established in other prefectures, to date, they only exist in the Tokyo Metropolis which consists of 23 special wards and 39 other, ordinary municipalities (cities, towns and villages).
The 23 Special Wards of Tokyo were formerly Tokyo City.

Tokyo Metropolitan Government

Governor of TokyoMayor of TokyoTokyo Governor
The Special wards of Tokyo occupy the land that was Tokyo City in its 1936 borders before it was abolished under the Tōjō Cabinet in 1943 to become directly ruled by the prefectural government, then renamed to "Metropolitan".
The metropolitan government administers the special wards, cities, towns and villages that constitute part of the Tokyo Metropolis.

Tokyo City

Tokyocity of Tokyoexisted as a city
The Special wards of Tokyo occupy the land that was Tokyo City in its 1936 borders before it was abolished under the Tōjō Cabinet in 1943 to become directly ruled by the prefectural government, then renamed to "Metropolitan". Before 1943, the wards of Tokyo City were no different from the wards of Osaka or Kyoto.
The historical boundaries of Tokyo City are now occupied by the 23 Special Wards of Tokyo.

Cities designated by government ordinance of Japan

designated citycity designated by government ordinancecities designated by government ordinance
Analogues exist in historic and contemporary Chinese and Korean administration: "Special wards" are city-independent wards, analogously, "special cities/special cities" (teukbyeol-si/tokubetsu-shi) are province-/prefecture-independent cities and were intended to be introduced under SCAP in Japan, too; but in Japan, implementation was stalled, and in 1956 special cities were replaced in the Local Autonomy Law with designated major cities which gain additional autonomy, but remain part of prefectures.
The 23 special wards of Tokyo are not part of this system, as Tokyo is a prefecture, and its wards are effectively independent cities.

Ōta, Tokyo

ŌtaOta, TokyoOta
Setagaya has the most people, while neighboring Ōta has the largest area.
Ōta is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

Greater Tokyo Area

Tokyo metropolitan areaTokyoGreater Tokyo
Its population was 8,949,447 as of October 1, 2010, about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area.

Wards of Japan

wardswardku
The 23 special wards of Tokyo Metropolis have a municipal status, and are not the same as other entities referred to as ku, although their predecessors were.

Chiyoda, Tokyo

ChiyodaChiyoda-kuChiyoda ward
Chiyoda is a special ward located in central Tokyo, Japan.

Municipalities of Japan

municipalitymunicipalitiescity
Special wards of Tokyo are a special form of municipalities in Japan under the 1947 Local Autonomy Law.
There are four types of municipalities in Japan: cities, towns, villages and special wards (the ku of Tokyo).

2015 Osaka Metropolis Plan referendum

2015 referendumReferenduma 2015 referendum
In Osaka, a 2015 referendum to replace the city with five special wards was defeated narrowly.
In the event of a "yes" vote, the wards in Osaka City would be reorganized into special wards similar to those in Tokyo.

Kasumigaseki

Kasumigaseki (霞が関, 霞ヶ関 or 霞ケ関) is a district in Chiyoda Ward in Tokyo, Japan.

Chūō, Tokyo

ChūōChuoChuo, Tokyo
Chūō is a special ward that forms part of the heart of Tokyo, Japan.

Kanda, Tokyo

KandaKanda districtKanda-ku
When the 35 wards of Tokyo were reorganized into 23, it was merged with Kojimachi to form the modern Chiyoda.

Minato, Tokyo

MinatoMinato-kuMinato Ward
Minato is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan.

Shinjuku

Shinjuku, TokyoShinjuku-kuShinjuku Ward
Shinjuku is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan.

Osaka

Osaka, JapanŌsakaOsaka, Osaka
In Osaka, a 2015 referendum to replace the city with five special wards was defeated narrowly. Before 1943, the wards of Tokyo City were no different from the wards of Osaka or Kyoto.
If implemented, Osaka City, neighbouring Sakai City and possibly other surrounding municipalities would dissolve and be reorganized as four special wards of Osaka prefecture – similar to former Tokyo City's successor wards within Tokyo prefecture.

Prefectures of Japan

Prefectureprefecturesprefectural
The postwar reforms also changed the map of Tokyo significantly: In 1947, the 35 wards were reorganized into the 23 special wards, because many of its citizens had either died during the war, left the city, or been drafted and did not return.

Bunkyō

Bunkyo, TokyoBunkyō, TokyoBunkyo
Bunkyō is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan.

Taitō

Taitō, TokyoTaito, TokyoTaitō-ku
Taitō is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

Osaka Metropolis plan

Osaka's proposed reorganization
Special wards do not currently exist outside Tokyo; however, several Osaka area politicians, led by Governor Tōru Hashimoto, are backing an Osaka Metropolis plan under which the city of Osaka would be replaced by special wards, consolidating many government functions at the prefectural level and devolving other functions to more localized governments.
Under the Association's plan, the 24 wards of Osaka, seven wards of Sakai, and nine other municipalities in Osaka Prefecture would be reorganized into twenty special wards, each having municipal status similar to the special wards of Tokyo.

Sumida, Tokyo

SumidaSumida WardHonjo
Sumida is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

Kōtō

Kōtō, TokyoKoto, TokyoKoto
Kōtō is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

Cities of Japan

citycitiesJapanese cities
Although the autonomy law today allows for special wards to be established in other prefectures, to date, they only exist in the Tokyo Metropolis which consists of 23 special wards and 39 other, ordinary municipalities (cities, towns and villages).
The 23 special wards of Tokyo, which constitute the core of the Tokyo metropolitan area, each have an administrative status analogous to that of cities.

Shinagawa

Shinagawa, TokyoShinagawa-kuShinagawa-ku, Tokyo
Shinagawa is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan.

Meguro

Meguro, TokyoMeguro-KuMeguro Ward
Meguro is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan.