Specialty (medicine)

medical specialtyspecialtyspecialistmedical specialistmedical specialtiesspecialistsspecialtiesmedical specialitymedical fieldspeciality
A medical speciality is a branch of medical practice that is focused on a defined group of patients, diseases, skills, or philosophy.wikipedia
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Anesthesiology

anesthesiologistanaesthetistanaesthesiology
In some countries, anesthesiology is classified as a surgical discipline, since it is vital in the surgical process, though anesthesiologists never perform major surgery themselves.
Anesthesiology, anaesthesiology, anaesthesia or anaesthetics (see Terminology) is the medical speciality concerned with the total perioperative care of patients before, during and after surgery.

Emergency medicine

emergency careemergencyemergency treatment
Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with the care of illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention.

Residency (medicine)

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After completing medical school, physicians or surgeons usually further their medical education in a specific specialty of medicine by completing a multiple-year residency to become a medical specialist.
In many jurisdictions, successful completion of such training is a requirement in order to obtain an unrestricted license to practice medicine, and in particular a license to practice a chosen specialty.

Family medicine

family physicianfamily practicefamily doctor
Examples include children (pediatrics), cancer (oncology), laboratory medicine (pathology), or primary care (family medicine).
Family medicine (FM), formerly family practice (FP), is a medical specialty devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages; the specialist is named a family physician or family doctor.

Medical school

medical studentFaculty of Medicinemedical students
After completing medical school, physicians or surgeons usually further their medical education in a specific specialty of medicine by completing a multiple-year residency to become a medical specialist.
Doctors wishing to pursue a speciality must take entrance exams at the public/private institution of their choice that offers them.

Maternal–fetal medicine

maternal-fetal medicineperinatologyperinatal medicine
Maternal–fetal medicine (MFM), also known as perinatology, is a branch of medicine that focuses on managing health concerns of the mother and fetus prior to, during, and shortly after pregnancy.

Neurosurgery

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Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and cerebrovascular system.

Nuclear medicine

nuclear imagingnuclear cardiologyradionuclide imaging
Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Ophthalmology

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An ophthalmologist is a specialist in ophthalmology.

Psychiatry

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.

Palliative care

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Palliative care is provided by a team of physicians, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech-language pathologists and other health professionals who work together with the primary care physician, specialists and other hospital or hospice staff.

Pediatric surgery

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Pediatric surgery is a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.

Infectious disease (medical specialty)

Infectious diseaseinfectious diseasesinfectiology
Infectious disease, also known as infectiology, is a medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis, control and treatment of infections.

Oral medicine

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Oral medicine (sometimes termed dental medicine, oral and maxillofacial medicine or stomatology) is a specialty focused on the mouth and nearby structures.

Forensic pathology

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Many forensic physicians in the UK practice clinical forensic medicine part-time, and they also practice family medicine or another medical specialty.

Hospital medicine

hospitalisthospitalistshospitalist medicine
Hospital medicine is a medical specialty that exists in some countries as a branch of internal medicine, dealing with the care of acutely ill hospitalized patients.

Internal medicine

internistGeneral Medicineinternists
Internal medicine or general medicine (in Commonwealth nations) is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases.

Pathology

pathologistpathologicalpathologies
Examples include children (pediatrics), cancer (oncology), laboratory medicine (pathology), or primary care (family medicine).
However, when used in the context of modern medical treatment, the term is often used in a more narrow fashion to refer to processes and tests which fall within the contemporary medical field of "general pathology", an area which includes a number of distinct but inter-related medical specialties that diagnose disease, mostly through analysis of tissue, cell, and body fluid samples.

Pediatrics

pediatricianpediatricpaediatrics
Examples include children (pediatrics), cancer (oncology), laboratory medicine (pathology), or primary care (family medicine).
In other jurisdictions, junior medical doctors must undertake generalist (unstreamed) training for a number of years before commencing pediatric (or any other) specialization.

Neurology

neurologistneurologicalneurologists
Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.