Speculative fiction

speculativeSf&fspeculative literaturefictionspeculative genresspeculative-fictionscience fiction and fantasySpeculative fiction novelspeculative novelfantastic
Speculative fiction is a broad genre encompassing fiction with certain elements that do not exist in the real world, often in the context of supernatural, futuristic or other imaginative themes.wikipedia
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Science fiction

sci-fiscience-fictionSci Fi
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof (e.g. science fantasy).
Science fiction (sometimes called sci-fi or simply SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life.

Fantasy

fantasy fictionfantasiesfantastic
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof (e.g. science fantasy).
Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often inspired by real world myth and folklore.

Superhero fiction

Superherosuperhero fantasySuperheroes
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof (e.g. science fantasy).
Superhero fiction is a genre of speculative fiction examining the adventures, personalities and ethics of costumed crime fighters known as superheroes, who often possess superhuman powers and battle similarly powered criminals known as supervillains.

Horror fiction

horrorHorror novelhorror story
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof (e.g. science fantasy).
Horror is a genre of speculative fiction which is intended to frighten, scare, disgust, or startle its readers by inducing feelings of horror and terror.

Utopian and dystopian fiction

dystopiandystopian novelutopian novel
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof (e.g. science fantasy).
Utopia and dystopia are genres of speculative fiction that explore social and political structures.

Science fantasy

science-fantasyfantasymythic science fiction
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof (e.g. science fantasy).
Science fantasy is a mixed genre within the umbrella of speculative fiction which simultaneously draws upon or combines tropes and elements from both science fiction and fantasy.

Supernatural fiction

supernaturalSupernatural dramasupernatural film
This includes, but is not limited to, science fiction, fantasy, superhero fiction, horror, utopian and dystopian fiction, supernatural fiction as well as combinations thereof (e.g. science fantasy).
Supernatural fiction or supernaturalist fiction is a genre of speculative fiction that exploits or is centered around supernatural themes, often violating naturalist assumptions of the real world.

Historical fiction

historical novelhistoricalhistorical novels
In historiography, what is now called speculative fiction has previously been termed "historical invention", "historical fiction", and similar names.
Some subgenres such as alternate history and historical fantasy insert speculative or ahistorical elements into a novel.

Alternate history

alternative historyalternate timelineAlternate history novel
Such supernatural, alternate history and sexuality themes continue in works produced within the modern speculative fiction genre.
Alternate history or alternative history (Commonwealth English) (AH) is a genre of speculative fiction consisting of stories in which one or more historical events occur differently.

Robert A. Heinlein

Robert HeinleinHeinleinRobert Anson Heinlein
In its English-language usage in arts and literature since the mid 20th century, "speculative fiction" as a genre term is often attributed to Robert A. Heinlein.
In his fiction, Heinlein coined terms that have become part of the English language, including "grok", "waldo", and "speculative fiction", as well as popularizing existing terms like "TANSTAAFL", "pay it forward", and "space marine".

Internet Speculative Fiction Database

ISFDBThe Internet Speculative Fiction Database
The Internet Speculative Fiction Database contains a broad list of different subtypes.
The Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB) is a database of bibliographic information on genres considered speculative fiction, including science fiction and related genres such as fantasy fiction and horror fiction.

Harlan Ellison

Cordwainer BirdHarlan Ellison's Dream CorridorEllison
Harlan Ellison used the term to avoid being pigeonholed as a writer.
Harlan Jay Ellison (May 27, 1934 – June 28, 2018) was an American writer, known for his prolific and influential work in New Wave speculative fiction, and for his outspoken, combative personality.

Paranormal romance

ParanormalP.E.A.R.L. Awardsparanormal romantic
However, the percentages vary considerably by genre, with women outnumbering men in the fields of urban fantasy, paranormal romance and young adult fiction.
Paranormal romance is a subgenre of both romantic fiction and speculative fiction.

Extrapolation (journal)

Extrapolation
Academic journals which publish essays on speculative fiction include Extrapolation, and Foundation.
Extrapolation is an academic journal covering speculative fiction.

Margaret Atwood

AtwoodAtwood, Margaretde-Atwood
However, some writers, such as Margaret Atwood, continue to distinguish "speculative fiction" specifically as a "no Martians" type of science fiction, "about things that really could happen."
Despite her distaste for literary labels, Atwood has since conceded to referring to The Handmaid's Tale as a work of science fiction or, more accurately, speculative fiction.

17776

17776, also known as What Football Will Look Like in the Future, is a serialized speculative fiction multimedia narrative by Jon Bois published online through SB Nation.

Gender in speculative fiction

Gender in science fictiongenderGender in speculative fiction: Television
Gender has been an important theme explored in speculative fiction.

Nuclear holocaust

nuclear apocalypsepost-nuclear holocaustnuclear annihilation
Nuclear holocaust is a common feature in literature and film, especially in speculative genres such as science fiction, dystopian and post-apocalyptic fiction.

Megatext

Megatext is a term used by scholars of speculative fiction that describes the elaborate fictional background, tropes, images, and conventions that science fiction or fantasy narratives share.

The Handmaid's Tale

Handmaid's Talenovel of the same nameRepublic of Gilead
The classification of utopian and dystopian fiction as a sub-genre of the collective term, speculative fiction, alongside science fiction, fantasy, and horror is a relatively recent convention.

Genre fiction

popular fictionRomancegenre film
Fantasy is generally distinguished from the genres of science fiction and horror by the expectation that it steers clear of scientific and macabre themes, respectively, though there is a great deal of overlap among the three, all of which are subgenres of speculative fiction.

List of genres

GenreAdventuregenres
Speculative fiction speculates about worlds that are unlike the real world in various important ways.

Genre

subgenregenressubgenres
In its English-language usage in arts and literature since the mid 20th century, "speculative fiction" as a genre term is often attributed to Robert A. Heinlein. Speculative fiction is a broad genre encompassing fiction with certain elements that do not exist in the real world, often in the context of supernatural, futuristic or other imaginative themes.

Fiction

fictionalRealistic fictionfictitious
Speculative fiction is a broad genre encompassing fiction with certain elements that do not exist in the real world, often in the context of supernatural, futuristic or other imaginative themes.

Slice of life

slice-of-lifeSlice of life storyeveryday life
Speculative fiction differs from other types of fiction such as slice of life and from non-fiction.