Spelling

misspellingspellmisspelledmisspellingsmisspellpoor spellerssimplified spellingsp.spelledspelling issues
Spelling is a set of conventions that regulate the way of using graphemes to represent a language in its written form.wikipedia
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Linguistic prescription

prescriptiveprescriptive grammarprescriptivist
Spelling is one of the elements of orthography, and highly standardized spelling is a prescriptive element.
These rules may address such linguistic aspects as spelling, pronunciation, vocabulary, syntax, and semantics.

Orthography

orthographicorthographiesorthographically
Spelling is one of the elements of orthography, and highly standardized spelling is a prescriptive element.
It includes norms of spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.

Homophone

homophoneshomophonoushomophonic
In addition, words from other languages may be adopted without being adapted to the spelling system, and different meanings of a word or homophones may be deliberately spelled in different ways to differentiate them visually.
The two words may be spelled the same, such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of "rise"), or differently, such as carat, and carrot, or to, two, and too.

American and British English spelling differences

spelling differencesorsee spelling differences
English-language spelling reform proposals have been regularly made since the 16th century, but have made little impact apart from a few spellings preferred by Noah Webster having contributed to American and British English spelling differences.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.

Alphabetic principle

Spellings originated as transcriptions of the sounds of spoken language according to the alphabetic principle.
Such languages have a straightforward spelling system, enabling a writer to predict the spelling of a word given its pronunciation and similarly enabling a reader to predict the pronunciation of a word given its spelling.

Spelling bee

spelling beesbeeNational Spelling Championship
Spelling bees are competitions to determine the best speller of a group.
A spelling bee is a competition in which contestants are asked to spell a broad selection of words, usually with a varying degree of difficulty.

Scripps National Spelling Bee

National Spelling BeeScripps Howard National Spelling BeeScripps Spelling Bee
Prominent spelling bees are even televised, such as the National Spelling Bee in the United States.
Its goal is educational: not only to encourage children to perfect the art of spelling, but also to help enlarge their vocabularies and widen their knowledge of the English language.

French orthography

FrenchFrench alphabetorthography
French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language.

Dyslexia

dyslexicalexiadevelopmental dyslexia
Problems may include difficulties in spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, "sounding out" words in the head, pronouncing words when reading aloud and understanding what one reads.

German orthography reform of 1996

German spelling reform of 1996German spelling reform1996 spelling reform

Spelling reform

orthographic reformsimplified spellingreform the spelling
A spelling reform is a deliberate, often authoritatively sanctioned or mandated change to spelling rules of a language.

Commonly misspelled English words

Common misspellingscommonly misspelled wordsmisspellings
Commonly misspelled English words (UK: misspelt words) are words that are often unintentionally misspelled in general writing.

Russian orthography

RussianorthographyCyrillic
Russian orthography is formally considered to encompass spelling and punctuation.

Spanish orthography

Spanish alphabetSpanishabecedario
The spelling is fairly phonemic, especially in comparison to more opaque orthographies like English, having a relatively consistent mapping of graphemes to phonemes; in other words, the pronunciation of a given Spanish-language word can largely be predicted from its spelling and to a slightly lesser extent vice versa.

Greek orthography

GreekGreek punctuationAncient Greek orthography
Polytonic spelling uses a variety of diacritics to represent aspects of the pronunciation of ancient Greek.

Phonemic orthography

phonetic spellingphonemicphonetic
They remain largely reflective of the sounds, although fully phonemic spelling is an ideal that most languages' orthographies only approximate, some more closely than others.

Grapheme

graphemescharacterscharacter
Spelling is a set of conventions that regulate the way of using graphemes to represent a language in its written form.

Written language

textwrittentextual
Spelling is a set of conventions that regulate the way of using graphemes to represent a language in its written form.

Transcription (linguistics)

transcriptiontranscribedtranscribe
Spellings originated as transcriptions of the sounds of spoken language according to the alphabetic principle.

Speech

spokenspeakingspeech communication
Spellings originated as transcriptions of the sounds of spoken language according to the alphabetic principle.

Standard language

standardstandardizedstandard dialect
Standardization of spelling is connected with the development of writing and the establishment of modern standard dialects.

Official language

official languagesofficialadministrative language
Languages with established orthography are those languages that enjoy an official status and a degree of institutional support in a country.

Education

teachingeducationaleducationist
Therefore, normative spelling is a relatively recent development linked to the compiling of dictionaries, the founding of national academies and other institutions of language maintenance, including widespread education and literacy, and often does not apply to minority and regional languages.