Spouse

spousesconsortbride and groom
A spouse is a significant other in a marriage, civil union, or common-law marriage.wikipedia
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Marriage

married couplesopposite-sex married couplesmarried
A spouse is a significant other in a marriage, civil union, or common-law marriage.
Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws.

Husband

The term is gender neutral, whereas a male spouse is a husband and a female spouse is a wife.
A husband is a male in a marital relationship, who may also be referred to as a spouse or partner.

Wife

wivesmarried womenspouse
The term is gender neutral, whereas a male spouse is a husband and a female spouse is a wife.
The status of marriage, as opposed to unmarried pregnant women, allows the spouse to be responsible for the child, and to speak on behalf of their wife; a partner is also responsible for the wife's child in states where they are automatically assumed to be the biological legal parent.

Significant other

life partnerpartnerpartners
A spouse is a significant other in a marriage, civil union, or common-law marriage.

Arranged marriage

arrangedarranged marriagesarrange a marriage
In some parts of the world, the formal dissolution of a marriage is complicated by the payments and goods which have been exchanged between families (this is common where marriages are arranged).
Arranged marriage is a type of marital union where the bride and groom are selected by individuals other than the couple themselves, particularly by family members such as the parents.

Annulment

annulledannulannullment
Depending on jurisdiction, the refusal or inability of a spouse to perform the marital obligations may constitute a ground for divorce, legal separation or annulment.
To file actions based on fraud, you must have separated from your spouse as soon as you learned of the fraud.

Bride

bridalbridesBridal Couture Week
When marrying, the bride's future spouse, (if male) is usually referred to as the bridegroom or groom.

Civil union

civil unionscivil partnershipcivil partnerships
A spouse is a significant other in a marriage, civil union, or common-law marriage.

Common-law marriage

common-law wifecommon law marriagecommon-law
A spouse is a significant other in a marriage, civil union, or common-law marriage.

Gender neutrality

gender-neutralgender neutralgender-neutral housing
The term is gender neutral, whereas a male spouse is a husband and a female spouse is a wife.

Family law

familypersonal lawpersonal status law
These regulations are usually described in family law statutes.

Civil marriage

civil ceremonycivilcivil marriages
However, in many parts of the world, where civil marriage is not that prevalent, there is instead customary marriage, which is usually regulated informally by the community.

Bride price

bridewealthbride-pricebride wealth
In many parts of the world, spousal rights and obligations are related to the payment of bride price, dowry or dower.

Dowry

dowriestochertrousseau
In many parts of the world, spousal rights and obligations are related to the payment of bride price, dowry or dower.

Dower

morning giftmorgengabdower house
In many parts of the world, spousal rights and obligations are related to the payment of bride price, dowry or dower.

Gender equality

gender equityequalitywomen's equality
Among the last European countries to establish full gender equality in marriage were Switzerland, Greece, Spain, and France in the 1980s.

Marriage law

marriage lawsmatrimonial lawCertificate of No Impediment to Marriage
In various marriage laws around the world, however, the husband continues to have authority; for instance the Civil Code of Iran states at Article 1105: "In relations between husband and wife; the position of the head of the family is the exclusive right of the husband".

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
In various marriage laws around the world, however, the husband continues to have authority; for instance the Civil Code of Iran states at Article 1105: "In relations between husband and wife; the position of the head of the family is the exclusive right of the husband".

Grounds for divorce

ground for divorcegrounds
Depending on jurisdiction, the refusal or inability of a spouse to perform the marital obligations may constitute a ground for divorce, legal separation or annulment.

Legal separation

separatedseparationjudicial separation
Depending on jurisdiction, the refusal or inability of a spouse to perform the marital obligations may constitute a ground for divorce, legal separation or annulment.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
The latter two options are more prevalent in countries where the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, some of which introduced divorce only recently (i.e. Italy in 1970, Portugal in 1975, Brazil in 1977, Spain in 1981, Argentina in 1987, Paraguay in 1991, Colombia in 1991, Ireland in 1996, Chile in 2004 and Malta in 2011).

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
The latter two options are more prevalent in countries where the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, some of which introduced divorce only recently (i.e. Italy in 1970, Portugal in 1975, Brazil in 1977, Spain in 1981, Argentina in 1987, Paraguay in 1991, Colombia in 1991, Ireland in 1996, Chile in 2004 and Malta in 2011).

Portugal

PortuguesePortuguese RepublicPOR
The latter two options are more prevalent in countries where the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, some of which introduced divorce only recently (i.e. Italy in 1970, Portugal in 1975, Brazil in 1977, Spain in 1981, Argentina in 1987, Paraguay in 1991, Colombia in 1991, Ireland in 1996, Chile in 2004 and Malta in 2011).

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
The latter two options are more prevalent in countries where the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, some of which introduced divorce only recently (i.e. Italy in 1970, Portugal in 1975, Brazil in 1977, Spain in 1981, Argentina in 1987, Paraguay in 1991, Colombia in 1991, Ireland in 1996, Chile in 2004 and Malta in 2011).

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
The latter two options are more prevalent in countries where the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, some of which introduced divorce only recently (i.e. Italy in 1970, Portugal in 1975, Brazil in 1977, Spain in 1981, Argentina in 1987, Paraguay in 1991, Colombia in 1991, Ireland in 1996, Chile in 2004 and Malta in 2011).