Sri Aurobindo

AurobindoAurobindo GhoshAurobindo GhoseThe Life DivineSri Aurobindo GhoshCollected Works of Sri AurobindoLetters on YogaThe Synthesis of YogaShri AurobindoSri Aurobindo Ghose
Sri Aurobindo (born Aurobindo Ghose; 15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950) was an Indian philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist.wikipedia
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Spiritual evolution

evolutionEpigenesisevolutionary
He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while was one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.
Philosophers, scientists, and educators who have proposed theories of spiritual evolution include Schelling (1775-1854), Hegel (1770-1831), Carl Jung (1875-1961), Max Théon (1848-1927), Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-1891), Henri Bergson (1859-1941), Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), Sri Aurobindo (1872-1950), Jean Gebser (1905-1973), Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955), Owen Barfield (1898-1997), Arthur M. Young (1905-1995), Edward Haskell (1906-1986), E. F. Schumacher (1911-1977), Erich Jantsch (1929-1980), Clare W. Graves (1914-1986), Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947), Terence McKenna (1946-2000), and P. R. Sarkar (1921-1990).

Anushilan Samiti

Anushilan SamityAnushilanlocal political youth clubs
After returning to India he took up various civil service works under the maharaja of the princely state of Baroda and became increasingly involved in nationalist politics and the nascent revolutionary movement in Bengal. He was arrested in the aftermath of a number of bomb outrages linked to his organisation, but in a highly public trial where he faced charges of treason, Aurobindo could only be convicted and imprisoned for writing articles against British rule in India.
It was led by the nationalists Aurobindo Ghosh and his brother Barindra Ghosh, and influenced by philosophies as diverse as Hindu Shakta philosophy, as set forth by Bengali authors Bankim and Vivekananda, Italian Nationalism, and the Pan-Asianism of Kakuzo Okakura.

Barindra Kumar Ghosh

Barin GhoshBarindra GhoshBarindra Kumar Ghose
Aurobindo had two elder siblings, Benoybhusan and Manmohan, a younger sister, Sarojini, and a younger brother, Barindrakumar (also referred to as Barin).
Barindra Ghosh was a younger brother of Sri Aurobindo.

Manmohan Ghose

Manmohan
Aurobindo had two elder siblings, Benoybhusan and Manmohan, a younger sister, Sarojini, and a younger brother, Barindrakumar (also referred to as Barin).
He was a brother of Sri Aurobindo.

Konnagar

Aurobindo Ghose was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Presidency, India on 15 August 1872 in a Bengali Kayastha family that was associated with the village of Konnagar in the Hoogly district.
It was the ancestral home of the great nationalist and religious leader Sri Aurobindo and noted physicist Sisir Kumar Mitra.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Lokmanya TilakTilakLokamanya Tilak
He established contact with Lokmanya Tilak and Sister Nivedita.
He formed a close alliance with many Indian National Congress leaders including Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Aurobindo Ghose, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

Emperor vs Aurobindo Ghosh and others

Alipore bomb caseAlipore Bomb ConspiracyAlipore Conspiracy trial
He was arrested in the aftermath of a number of bomb outrages linked to his organisation, but in a highly public trial where he faced charges of treason, Aurobindo could only be convicted and imprisoned for writing articles against British rule in India.
Among the famous accused were Aurobindo Ghosh, his brother Barin Ghosh as well as 37 other Bengali nationalists of the Anushilan Samiti.

Pondicherry

PuducherryPondichéryPondicherry (city)
During his stay in the jail, he had mystical and spiritual experiences, after which he moved to Pondicherry, leaving politics for spiritual work.
The Sri Aurobindo Ashram, located on rue de la Marine, is one of the most important ashrams in India, founded by the renowned Freedom Fighter and spiritual philosopher Sri Aurobindo.

Bagha Jatin

Jatindranath MukherjeeJatin MukherjeeJatindra Nath Mukherjee
In Bengal, with Barin's help, he established contacts with revolutionaries, inspiring radicals such as Bagha Jatin or Jatin Mukherjee and Surendranath Tagore.
In 1903, on meeting Sri Aurobindo at Yogendra Vidyabhushan's place, Jatin decides to collaborate with him and is said to have added to his programme the clause of winning over the Indian soldiers of the British regiments in favour of an insurrection.

British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish rule
He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while was one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.
Sri Aurobindo never went beyond the law when he edited the Bande Mataram magazine; it preached independence but within the bounds of peace as far as possible.

Loreto Convent, Darjeeling

Loreto ConventLoreto House
He and his two elder siblings were sent to the English-speaking Loreto House boarding school in Darjeeling, in part to improve their language skills and in part to distance them from their mother, who had developed a mental illness soon after the birth of her first child.

Sayajirao Gaekwad III

Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad IIISayajirao GaekwadMaharaja of Baroda
At this time, the Maharaja of Baroda, Sayajirao Gaekwad III, was travelling in England.
Sayajirao used to visit England every year to select outstanding young people to join his service and in one of such visits he met 20-year old Sri Aurobindo whom he immediately offered a job at Baroda College.

Khudiram Bose

Khudi Ram BoseKhudiram
In 1908, Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki attempted to kill Magistrate Kingsford, a judge known for handing down particularly severe sentences against nationalists.
In 1902 and 1903, Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita visited Midnapore.

Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol

Savitri
His main literary works are The Life Divine, which deals with theoretical aspects of Integral Yoga; Synthesis of Yoga, which deals with practical guidance to Integral Yoga; and Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol, an epic poem.
Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol is an epic poem in blank verse by Sri Aurobindo, based upon the theology from the Mahabharata.

Arya: A Philosophical Review

AryaArya (journal)Arya'' (journal)
In 1914, after four years of secluded yoga, he started a monthly philosophical magazine called Arya.
Arya: A Philosophical Review was a 64-page monthly periodical written by Sri Aurobindo and published in India between 1914 and 1921.

Sri Aurobindo Ashram

Sri Aurobindo International Centre of EducationAurobindo AshramAshram
In 1926, with the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa (referred to as "The Mother"), he founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram.
The ashram grew out of a small community of disciples who had gathered around Sri Aurobindo after he retired from politics and settled in Pondicherry in 1910.

Bengalis

BengaliBengali peopleIndian Bengali
Although his family were Bengali, his father believed British culture to be superior.
Many of the early proponents of the independence struggle, and subsequent leaders in the movement were Bengalis such as Chittaranjan Das, Khwaja Salimullah, Surendranath Banerjea, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Titumir (Sayyid Mir Nisar Ali), Prafulla Chaki, A. K. Fazlul Huq, Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, Bagha Jatin, Khudiram Bose, Surya Sen, Binoy-Badal-Dinesh, Sarojini Naidu, Aurobindo Ghosh, Rashbehari Bose, and Sachindranath Sanyal.

Alipore Jail

Alipore Central JailAlipore Central Correctional HomeAlipore Correctional Home
Aurobindo was also arrested on charges of planning and overseeing the attack and imprisoned in solitary confinement in Alipore Jail.

Chittaranjan Das

Deshbandhu Chittaranjan DasC. R. DasChitta Ranjan Das
His defence counsel was Chittaranjan Das.
In London he had befriended with Sri Aurobindo Ghosh, Atul Prasad Sen and Sarojini Naidu among others, and together they promoted Dadabhai Naoroji in the British Parliament.

Indian independence movement

Indian independenceIndian freedom movementindependence
He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while was one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.
The early part of the 20th century saw a more radical approach towards political self-rule proposed by leaders such as the Lal, Bal, Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai.

Sister Nivedita

Bhagini NiveditaGopal & the CowherdMargaret Noble
He established contact with Lokmanya Tilak and Sister Nivedita.
Sri Aurobindo was one of her friends as well.

Rajnarayan Basu

Raj Narayan BoseRajnarayan BoseRishi Rajnarayan Bosu
His mother was Swarnalata Devi, whose father was Shri Rajnarayan Bose, a leading figure in the Samaj.
His grandson, eminent philosopher and freedom-fighter, Sri Aurobindo has inscribed his tribute to Rajnarayan in a beautiful sonnet.

Auroville

Auroville International TownshipAuroville TodayAuroville, India
William Irwin Thompson travelled to Auroville in 1972, where he met "The Mother".
Additionally, it is named after Sri Aurobindo (1872–1950).

Mirra Alfassa

The MotherThe AgendaMother's Agenda
In 1926, with the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa (referred to as "The Mother"), he founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram.
Mirra Alfassa (21 February 1878 – 17 November 1973), known to her followers as The Mother, was a spiritual guru, an occultist and a collaborator of Sri Aurobindo, who considered her to be of equal yogic stature to him and called her by the name "The Mother".

Haridas Chaudhuri

H. Chaudhuri
Haridas Chaudhuri and Frederic Spiegelberg were among those who were inspired by Aurobindo, who worked on the newly formed American Academy of Asian Studies in San Francisco.
Haridas Chaudhuri (May 1913 – 1975), a Bengali integral philosopher, was a correspondent with Sri Aurobindo and the founder of the California Institute of Integral Studies (CIIS).