Sri Lankan Moors

Sri Lankan MoorMoorsMuslimMuslimsMoorCeylon MoorsSri LankanSri Lankan MuslimSri Lankan Muslims Moor
Sri Lankan Moors (இலங்கைச் சோனகர்; ලංකා යෝනක formerly Ceylon Moors; colloquially referred to as Muslims or Moors) are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.2% of the country's total population.wikipedia
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Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
They are mainly native speakers of the Tamil language with influence of Sinhalese and Arabic words.
Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Chindians, and Douglas.

Sri Lanka

CeylonCeyloneseDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan Moors (இலங்கைச் சோனகர்; ලංකා යෝනක formerly Ceylon Moors; colloquially referred to as Muslims or Moors) are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.2% of the country's total population. The Portuguese named the Muslims in India and Sri Lanka after the Muslim Moors they met in Iberia. The Sri Lankan Moors along with Mukkuvar dominated once in medieval era the pearl trade in Sri Lanka. Since 1888 under the initiative of Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the Sri Lankan Tamils launched a campaign to classify those Sri Lankan Moors who spoke Tamil as Tamils, primarily to bolster their population numbers for the impending transition to democratic rule in Sri Lanka.
Moors, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda are also established groups on the island.

Moors

MoorishMoorMaures
The Portuguese named the Muslims in India and Sri Lanka after the Muslim Moors they met in Iberia.
During the colonial era, the Portuguese introduced the names "Ceylon Moors" and "Indian Moors" in South Asia and Sri Lanka, and the Bengali Muslims were also called Moors.

Trincomalee District

TrincomaleeTRI Trincomalee
The population of Moors are the highest in the Ampara, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts.

Batticaloa District

BatticaloaBatticalo DistrictBatticaloa region
The population of Moors are the highest in the Ampara, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts.

Indian Moors

The Sri Lankan Muslim community is divided as Sri Lankan moors, Indian Moors and Sri Lankan Malays as per their history and traditions.
Indian Moors shared a similar history to Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, however due to their decline and smaller numbers the Indian Moors have either returned to India or have declared themselves as being classified as Sri Lankan Moors.

Colombo

Colombo, Sri LankaColombo, CeylonColombo 02
Upon the arrival of the Portuguese colonizers in the 16th century, larger population of Moors were expelled from cities such as the capital city Colombo, which had been a Moor-dominated city at that time.
Their descendants now comprise the local Sri Lankan Moor community.

Arabs

ArabArab peopleArabian
The Moors trace their ancestry to Arab traders who first settled in Sri Lanka around the 9th century. Arab customs such as congregational eating using a large shared plate called the 'sahn' and wearing of the North African fez during marriage ceremonies feed to the view that Moors are of mixed Sinhalese, Tamil and Arab heritage.
The Sri Lankan Moors are the third largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.23% of the country's total population.

Sri Lankan Civil War

civil warethnic conflictcivil war in Sri Lanka
The Sri Lankan Civil War was a 26-year conflict fought on the island of Sri Lanka between government and separatist militant organisation Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (the LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers).
The Tamil-speaking minorities of Ceylon (Sri Lankan Tamils, Indian Tamils and Sri Lankan Moors) viewed the Act as linguistic, cultural and economic discrimination against them.

Sri Lankan Malays

MalayMalaysSri Lankan Malay
The Sri Lankan Muslim community is divided as Sri Lankan moors, Indian Moors and Sri Lankan Malays as per their history and traditions.

Ampara District

AmparaAmparai DistrictAmparai
The population of Moors are the highest in the Ampara, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts.

Mukkuvar

MukkuvaBatticalao MukkuvarMukkuvars
The Sri Lankan Moors along with Mukkuvar dominated once in medieval era the pearl trade in Sri Lanka.
However, they and the Sonakar were defeated in a three-month siege by the Karaiyar chieftains, sponsored by the Kingdom of Kotte in the 15th century.

Sri Lankan Tamils

Sri Lankan TamilTamilCeylon Tamil
Since 1888 under the initiative of Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the Sri Lankan Tamils launched a campaign to classify those Sri Lankan Moors who spoke Tamil as Tamils, primarily to bolster their population numbers for the impending transition to democratic rule in Sri Lanka.
There also exists a significant population in Sri Lanka who are native speakers of Tamil language and are of Islamic faith.

Tamil Muslim

Tamil MuslimsMuslimIndian Muslim
Furthermore, the Moors like their counterparts in Tamil Nadu, use the Arwi which is a written register of the Tamil language with the use of the Arabic alphabet.
Tamil-speaking Muslims in Sri Lanka are classified as Moors (not Tamils) due to independent lineage.

Tamils

TamilTamil peopleTamilian
Since 1888 under the initiative of Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the Sri Lankan Tamils launched a campaign to classify those Sri Lankan Moors who spoke Tamil as Tamils, primarily to bolster their population numbers for the impending transition to democratic rule in Sri Lanka.
Due to independent lineage, they are listed as Moors by the Sri Lankan government.

Yona

YavanaYavanasGreeks
The Tamil term Sonakar along with the Sinhalese term Yonaka, has been thought to have been derived from the term Yona, a term originally applied to Greeks, but sometimes also Arabs.
The Sinhalese term Yonaka referring to the Sri Lankan Moors, is thought to have been derived from the term Yona.

Northern Province, Sri Lanka

Northern ProvinceNorthernnorth
The expulsion of the Muslims from the Northern province was an act of ethnic cleansing carried out by the Tamil militant Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) organization in October 1990.
The majority of the population are Sri Lankan Tamil, with a minority Sri Lankan Moor and Sinhalese population.

Islam in Sri Lanka

MuslimIslamMuslims
However, when the Portuguese arrived during the 16th century, many of these Arab traders' descendants - now called the Sri Lankan Moors - were the main traders in spice, with networks extending to the Middle East.

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

LTTETamil TigersTamil Tiger
The Sri Lankan Civil War was a 26-year conflict fought on the island of Sri Lanka between government and separatist militant organisation Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (the LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers). The expulsion of the Muslims from the Northern province was an act of ethnic cleansing carried out by the Tamil militant Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) organization in October 1990.
The ISGA would consist of members representing the LTTE, GoSL and the Muslim community.

Tamil Eelam

separate stateEelamTamil state
LTTE tried to make northern Sri Lanka into a Tamil country called Tamil Eelam.

Demographics of Sri Lanka

Sri LankanSri LankansEthnicity
The Moors, descendants of Arab traders that settled in Sri Lanka and married local women, form the third largest ethnic group at 9.3% of the population.

Arwi

Arabic TamilArwi alphabetArabu-Tamil
Furthermore, the Moors like their counterparts in Tamil Nadu, use the Arwi which is a written register of the Tamil language with the use of the Arabic alphabet.
Arwi still has a place among the more traditional Indian Tamil Muslim and Sri Lankan Moor families.

Fez

fezzesfez hattarboosh
Arab customs such as congregational eating using a large shared plate called the 'sahn' and wearing of the North African fez during marriage ceremonies feed to the view that Moors are of mixed Sinhalese, Tamil and Arab heritage.
In Sri Lanka, the fez was frequently by the local Muslim Sri Lankan Moor population.

Languages of Sri Lanka

language
The Tamil language is spoken by Sri Lankan Tamils, as well as by Tamil migrants from the neighboring Indian state of Tamil Nadu and by most Sri Lankan Moors.