St. Nicholas Church, Leipzig

NikolaikircheSt. Nicholas ChurchSt. NicholasNikolaikirche LeipzigChurch of St. NicholasNicholaikircheNicolaikircheNikolai ChurchNikolaikicheSt Nicholas Church
The St. Nicholas Church (Nikolaikirche) is one of the major churches of central Leipzig, Germany.wikipedia
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Leipzig

LeipsicLeipzig, GermanyLipsiae
The St. Nicholas Church (Nikolaikirche) is one of the major churches of central Leipzig, Germany.
Events in Leipzig in 1989 played a significant role in precipitating the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe, mainly through demonstrations starting from St. Nicholas Church.

Monday demonstrations in East Germany

Monday demonstrationsMonday demonstrationmass demonstrations
The church rose to national fame in 1989 with the Monday Demonstrations when it became the centre of peaceful revolt against communist rule.
In Leipzig the demonstrations began on 4 September 1989 after the weekly Friedensgebet (prayer for peace) in the St. Nicholas Church with parson Christian Führer, and eventually filled the nearby Karl Marx Square (today known again as Augustusplatz).

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

LeibnizGottfried LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
Notable philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was baptized here as an infant on 3 July 1646.
Leibniz was baptized on 3 July of that year at St. Nicholas Church, Leipzig; his godfather was the Lutheran theologian.

St John Passion

Johannes-PassionSt. John PassionJ.S. Bach: Johannes-Passion BWV 245
The church saw four of the five performances (including the premiere) of the St John Passion by Johann Sebastian Bach on Good Friday in 1724, 1728, 1732, and 1749, as well as many of his cantatas and oratorios performed by the Thomanerchor.
It was written during Bach's first year as director of church music in Leipzig and was first performed on April 7, 1724, at Good Friday Vespers at the St. Nicholas Church.

Johann Carl Friedrich Dauthe

From 1784 to 1797 the interior was remodeled by German architect Johann Carl Friedrich Dauthe in the Neoclassical style.
In his hometown, where he had been the city's construction official most of his buildings have been built, such as the first concert chamber of the Gewandhaus (1781), the square now known as the Augustusplatz (1785) and the interior of the St. Nicholas Church (1794).

Hall church

HallenkirchenChiesa a salahall building
Construction started in Romanesque style in 1165, but in the 16th century, the church was turned into a Gothic hall church.

Johann Sebastian Bach

BachJ.S. BachJ. S. Bach
The church saw four of the five performances (including the premiere) of the St John Passion by Johann Sebastian Bach on Good Friday in 1724, 1728, 1732, and 1749, as well as many of his cantatas and oratorios performed by the Thomanerchor. In the 18th century, several works by Johann Sebastian Bach, who was the music director of Nikolaikirche and of St. Thomas Church from 1723–50, premiered here.

St. Thomas Church, Leipzig

ThomaskircheSt. Thomas ChurchSt. Thomas
In the 18th century, several works by Johann Sebastian Bach, who was the music director of Nikolaikirche and of St. Thomas Church from 1723–50, premiered here.

Saxony

SaxonFree State of SaxonySachsen
By capacity, it is one of the largest churches in Saxony.

Saint Nicholas

St. NicholasNicholasSt Nicholas
It is named after St. Nicholas, patron of travelers and merchants.

Romanesque architecture

RomanesqueRomanesque styleLate Romanesque
It was built originally in the Romanesque style (with twin towers) but was extended and enlarged in the early 16th century in the Gothic style.

Gothic architecture

GothicGothic styleLate Gothic
It was built originally in the Romanesque style (with twin towers) but was extended and enlarged in the early 16th century in the Gothic style.

Neoclassicism

neoclassicalClassical RevivalNeoclassic
From 1784 to 1797 the interior was remodeled by German architect Johann Carl Friedrich Dauthe in the Neoclassical style.

Protestantism

ProtestantProtestantsEvangelical
The church has been a Protestant seat since 1539 after the Protestant Reformation, but today the Catholic Church is also allowed to use it.

Reformation

Protestantthe ReformationProtestants
The church has been a Protestant seat since 1539 after the Protestant Reformation, but today the Catholic Church is also allowed to use it.

Bach cantata

cantatachurch cantatacantatas
The church saw four of the five performances (including the premiere) of the St John Passion by Johann Sebastian Bach on Good Friday in 1724, 1728, 1732, and 1749, as well as many of his cantatas and oratorios performed by the Thomanerchor.

Oratorio

oratoriosoratoriumoratoria
The church saw four of the five performances (including the premiere) of the St John Passion by Johann Sebastian Bach on Good Friday in 1724, 1728, 1732, and 1749, as well as many of his cantatas and oratorios performed by the Thomanerchor.

Thomanerchor

St Thomas Choir of Leipzigchoir of St. Thomas, LeipzigSt. Thomas Choir of Leipzig
The church saw four of the five performances (including the premiere) of the St John Passion by Johann Sebastian Bach on Good Friday in 1724, 1728, 1732, and 1749, as well as many of his cantatas and oratorios performed by the Thomanerchor.

Organ (music)

organchurch organorganist
The church organ was renovated from mechanical (tracker) action to pneumatic action in the early 20th century.

Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Saxony

Evangelical Lutheran State Church of the Free State of SaxonyLutheran Church of SaxonySaxony

Thomaskantor

cantorCantor at Saint ThomasCantor of St. Thomas
Thomas), Nikolaikirche (St.

1739 in music

1739
March 27 Johann Sebastian Bach performs the Brockes-Passion TWV 5: 1 at St. Nicholas Church, Leipzig.