St Bartholomew's Hospital

St. Bartholomew's HospitalSt Bartholomew’s HospitalSt BartholomewBartsSt. BartholomewBarts HospitalSt Bartholomew's Hospital, LondonSaint Bartholomew's HospitalSt BartsBart's Hospital
St Bartholomew's Hospital, commonly known as Barts, is a teaching hospital located in the City of London.wikipedia
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St Bartholomew-the-Great

St Bartholomew the GreatPriory Church of St Bartholomew the GreatSt Bartholomew
Barts was founded in 1123 by Rahere (died 1144, and entombed in the nearby Priory Church of St Bartholomew the Great), a favourite courtier of King Henry I.
It adjoins St Bartholomew's Hospital of the same foundation.

Percivall Pott

Percival PottSir Percival PottSir Percivall Pott
It was here that William Harvey conducted his research on the circulatory system in the 17th century, Percivall Pott and John Abernethy developed important principles of modern surgery in the 18th century, and Mrs Bedford Fenwick worked to advance the nursing profession in the late 19th century.
He served his apprenticeship with Edward Nourse, assistant surgeon to St Bartholomew's Hospital, and in 1736 was admitted to the Barbers' Company and licensed to practice.

Rahere

Prior Rahere
Barts was founded in 1123 by Rahere (died 1144, and entombed in the nearby Priory Church of St Bartholomew the Great), a favourite courtier of King Henry I.
He was a favourite of King Henry I and is most famous for having founded the Priory of the Hospital of St Bartholomew in 1123.

William Harvey

HarveyDe GenerationeHarvey, William
It was here that William Harvey conducted his research on the circulatory system in the 17th century, Percivall Pott and John Abernethy developed important principles of modern surgery in the 18th century, and Mrs Bedford Fenwick worked to advance the nursing profession in the late 19th century.
He then accepted a position at St Bartholomew's Hospital that he was to occupy for almost all the rest of his life.

City of London

CityLondonthe City
St Bartholomew's Hospital, commonly known as Barts, is a teaching hospital located in the City of London.
The City has one hospital, St Bartholomew's Hospital, also known as 'Barts'.

St Bartholomew-the-Less

St Bartholomew the LessSt. Bartholomew-the-LessLittle St Bartholomew
After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the hospital precincts of the ancient priory were redesignated as an Anglican ecclesiastical parish, with St Bartholomew-the-Less becoming the parish church – a unique situation amongst English hospital foundations.
St Bartholomew the Less was an Anglican parish in the City of London and the church of St Bartholomew's Hospital within the ancient hospital precincts.

John Abernethy (surgeon)

John AbernethyAbernethyDr. Abernethy
It was here that William Harvey conducted his research on the circulatory system in the 17th century, Percivall Pott and John Abernethy developed important principles of modern surgery in the 18th century, and Mrs Bedford Fenwick worked to advance the nursing profession in the late 19th century.
Educated at Wolverhampton Grammar School, he was apprenticed in 1779 to Sir Charles Blicke (1745–1815), a surgeon at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London.

James Gibbs

GibbsGibbsian
Its main square was designed by James Gibbs in the 1730s.
1723 also saw Gibbs being made a governor of St Bartholomew's Hospital; other governors included fellow architects Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and George Dance the Elder.

Philip Hardwick

P.C HardwickPhilipSir Philip Hardwick
Thomas Hardwick Jr. (1752–1825), Philip Hardwick (1792–1870), and Philip Charles Hardwick (1822–1892) were all architects/surveyors to Barts Hospital.
After travelling Europe, he took over from his father as Surveyor to St Bartholomew's Hospital, London.

Healthcare in London

City and Hackney Teaching Primary Care TrustLondonTomlinson Review of London hospitals
In 1993 the controversial Tomlinson Review of London hospitals was published and concluded that there were too many hospitals in central London.
They supplemented the pattern of voluntary hospitals which had developed, in the case of St Bartholomew's Hospital since 1123.

Thomas Hardwick

Thomas Hardwick (junior)Thomas Hardwick Junior
Thomas Hardwick Jr. (1752–1825), Philip Hardwick (1792–1870), and Philip Charles Hardwick (1822–1892) were all architects/surveyors to Barts Hospital.
Thomas Hardwick, his son Philip Hardwick (1792–1870), and then grandson Philip Charles Hardwick (1822–1892) each held the post of Surveyor to St Bartholomew's Hospital, London.

Philip Charles Hardwick

Philip C. HardwickP C HardwickP. C. Hardwick
Thomas Hardwick Jr. (1752–1825), Philip Hardwick (1792–1870), and Philip Charles Hardwick (1822–1892) were all architects/surveyors to Barts Hospital.
Hardwick, like his grandfather Thomas Hardwick, was the Surveyor to St Bartholomew's Hospital in London and also a major benefactor.

Ethel Gordon Fenwick

Ethel Bedford-FenwickEthel Bedford FenwickBedford Fenwick
It was here that William Harvey conducted his research on the circulatory system in the 17th century, Percivall Pott and John Abernethy developed important principles of modern surgery in the 18th century, and Mrs Bedford Fenwick worked to advance the nursing profession in the late 19th century.
In 1881, at the age of 24, Ethel was appointed Matron of St Bartholomew's Hospital, a post she held until 1887 when she resigned her post to marry Dr Bedford Fenwick, becoming known professionally as Mrs Bedford Fenwick.

Royal London Hospital

London HospitalThe London HospitalLondon Infirmary
Some facilities were saved, but the accident and emergency department closed in 1995, with facilities relocated to the Royal London Hospital (a hospital in the same Trust group, but a couple of miles away in Whitechapel). Barts, along with the Royal London Hospital and London Chest Hospital, was part of Barts and The London NHS Trust.
By the middle of the 18th century there were five voluntary hospitals in London (St Bartholomew's, Guy's, St Thomas', Westminster and St George's) which provided free medical care to those who could not afford it.

Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry

London Hospital Medical CollegeSt Bartholomew's Hospital Medical CollegeMedical College of St Bartholomew's Hospital
It is now known as Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry.
The school exists on two main sites, having a presence at the site of both of the former colleges at and near their respective hospitals, St Bartholomew's Hospital (in Smithfield in the City of London and nearby in Charterhouse Square), and the Royal London Hospital in Whitechapel with an additional site at Queen Mary's main (Mile End) campus.

William Hogarth

HogarthHogarthianHogarth, William
The first wing to be built was the North Wing, in 1732, which includes the Great Hall and the murals by William Hogarth.
His history pictures include The Pool of Bethesda and The Good Samaritan, executed in 1736–1737 for St Bartholomew's Hospital; Moses brought before Pharaoh's Daughter, painted for the Foundling Hospital (1747, formerly at the Thomas Coram Foundation for Children, now in the Foundling Museum); Paul before Felix (1748) at Lincoln's Inn; and his altarpiece for St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol (1755–56).

Hospital

hospitalsinfirmarygeneral hospital
Of the four original blocks only three survive; they include the block containing the Great Hall and two flanking blocks that contained wards.
In England, after the dissolution of the monasteries in 1540 by King Henry VIII, the church abruptly ceased to be the supporter of hospitals, and only by direct petition from the citizens of London, were the hospitals St Bartholomew's, St Thomas's and St Mary of Bethlehem's (Bedlam) endowed directly by the crown; this was the first instance of secular support being provided for medical institutions.

Thomas Vicary

Vicary Lecture
The first Superintendent of the hospital was Thomas Vicary, sergeant-surgeon to King Henry, and an early writer on anatomy.
In 1546, he was appointed the first superintendent of St Bartholomew's Hospital.

London Chest Hospital

City of London Hospital for Diseases of the ChestVictoria Park Chest HospitalVictoria Park Hospital
Barts, along with the Royal London Hospital and London Chest Hospital, was part of Barts and The London NHS Trust.
It closed in April 2015 as part of the creation of the Barts Heart Centre at St Bartholomew's Hospital, by consolidation of services from the London Chest Hospital and The Heart Hospital, part of University College London Hospital.

Dissolution of the Monasteries

dissolutiondissolvedSuppression of the Monasteries
The Dissolution of the Monasteries did not affect the running of Barts as a hospital, but left it in a precarious position by removing its income.
A very few of these, such as Saint Bartholomew's Hospital in London (which still exists, though under a different name between 1546 and 1948), were exempted by special royal dispensation.

Cyril Elgood

Dr Cyril Elgood
Cyril Lloyd Elgood M.D., F.R.C.P., honorary physician to the king of Persia (Shah) (1893-1970) commonly referred to as Cyril Elgood was a British physician (graduate of St. Bartholomew's Hospital) and historian of medicine in Persia/Iran, best remembered for his breakthrough studies on the history of medical and educational advances of Persia during the period of the 1500s to mid 18th century.

John Badley (surgeon)

John Badley
John Badley, F.R.C.S. (23 July 1783 – 16 April 1870) student of John Abernethy at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London.

Queen Mary University of London

Queen Mary, University of LondonQueen Mary CollegeQueen Mary University
In 1995 the college, along with that attached to the Royal London, merged into Queen Mary University of London, but maintains a distinctive identity to this day.
The West Smithfield campus of Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, the West Smithfield Medical Library, the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, the John Vane Science Centre, the Heart Centre and St Bartholomew's Hospital are based in Smithfield.

Private finance initiative

PFIDBFOPrivate Finance Initiative (PFI)
The plan came under threat when it was announced that the works would be procured under a private finance initiative contract; the Save Barts campaign continued to protest.

Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn

Lord ColwynAnthony Hamilton-SmithIan Anthony
The son of the 2nd Baron Colwyn was educated at Cheltenham College, at St Bartholomew's Hospital and at the Royal Dental Hospital.