St Donat's Castle

St. Donat's CastleSt DonatSt Donat's Art CentreSt Donat's Arts CentreSt. Donat
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.wikipedia
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Vale of Glamorgan

GlamorganThe Vale of GlamorganBro Morgannwg
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.
Attractions include Barry Island Pleasure Park, the Barry Tourist Railway, Porthkerry Park, St Donat's Castle, Cosmeston Lakes Country Park and Cosmeston Medieval Village.

Bradenstoke Priory

Bradenstoke AbbeyBradenstokePrior of Bradenstoke
Hearst undertook a "brutal" expansion, including the incorporation of elements from other ancient structures such as the roofs of Bradenstoke Priory, Wiltshire and St Botolph's Church in Lincolnshire.
In the 1930s the property was purchased by William Randolph Hearst and some of its structures were used by him for the renovation of St Donat's Castle, near Llantwit Major, Wales.

Atlantic College

United World College of the AtlanticUWC Atlantic College(United World College of the Atlantic)
In 1960, some nine years after Hearst's death, it was purchased by the son of the businessman and educational philanthropist Antonin Besse and donated to the trustees of Atlantic College, the first of the United World Colleges.
The College was the fruit of Kurt Hahn's vision and the work of individuals such as the founding Headmaster Rear Admiral Desmond Hoare, Antonin Besse, who donated St Donat's Castle for the college's premises, and Air Marshal Sir Lawrance Darvall.

Llantwit Major

Llanilltud FawrLlantwitLlantwit Major beach
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.
St Donat's Castle, 1+1/2 mi to the west, was built in the 13th century.

Edward Stradling (1529–1609)

Sir Edward StradlingEdward StradlingEdward Stradling (1528/29–1609)
His son, the scholar Edward Stradling (1528/9–1609) established a celebrated, and exceptionally large, library at St Donat's which was considered the finest in Wales of its time.
He was buried in the private chapel at St. Donat's Castle where his heir and his widow Agnes, second daughter of Sir Edward Gage of Hengrave, Suffolk, whom he had married in 1566, placed an inscription to his memory.

William Randolph Hearst

HearstRandolph HearstWilliam R. Hearst
The castle's transformation occurred after its purchase in 1925 by William Randolph Hearst, the American newspaper tycoon.
After seeing photographs of St. Donat's Castle in Country Life Magazine, Hearst bought the Vale of Glamorgan property in Wales and renovated it in 1925 as a love gift to Davies.

Twelve Knights of Glamorgan

Edward Stradling wrote a history of the area, The Winning of the Lordship of Glamorgan out of Welshmen's Hands, which established the legend of the Twelve Knights of Glamorgan, including the inaccurate claim that the first Stradlings had arrived with William the Conqueror, rather than some 200 years later.
1609) of St. Donat's Castle in Glamorgan.

St Donats

MonknashSt. DonatsSt Donat
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.
The village is internationally known as the location of the 12th century St Donat's Castle which is now an international boarding school occupied by Atlantic College, the first of seventeen United World Colleges.

Stradling baronets

Sir Thomas Stradling, 6th BaronetStradlingStradling family
The present castle's origins date from the 12th century when the de Haweys and later Peter de Stradling began its development.
The Stradlings were a family seated at St Donat's Castle, Glamorgan, Wales, from the early mediaeval period.

Aberpergwm House

Aberpergwm
Morgan Williams, a colliery owner from Aberpergwm and the owner in the Edwardian period, from 1901 to 1909, carried out extensive and careful restoration, employing the noted architects George Frederick Bodley and Thomas Garner.
By 1850, the house was ‘playfully crenellated’ with a central pediment” In 1876, the house was remodelled by Morgan Stuart Williams, who later went on to restore St Donat's Castle This ‘overwhelmed’ the work of 1850, and included the addition of a new front range dominated by a ‘remarkable top heavy Elizabethan gallery across the whole front’ of 94 feet.

Marion Davies

Churchill's mention of "two charming wives" refers to Marion Davies, Hearst's long-time mistress and a constant presence at both San Simeon and St Donat's.
After seeing photographs of St Donat's Castle in Country Life magazine, the Welsh Vale of Glamorgan property was bought and revitalized by Hearst in 1925 as a gift to Davies.

John Whitlock Nicholl Carne

In 1852, it was purchased by John Whitlock Nicholl Carne, who claimed descent from the Stradlings but whose efforts at reconstruction were not well regarded.
In 1860 (some sources say 1861), he acquired St Donat's Castle and estate.

Charles Allom

Sir Charles Carrick AllomSir Charles AllomCharles C. Allom
Hearst employed Sir Charles Allom as his architect and designer.
In 1925, when William Randolph Hearst purchased a real castle, St. Donat's in Wales, his choice to furnish it naturally fell upon Sir Charles.

James Ussher

Archbishop UssherUssherBishop Ussher
During the English Civil War the Stradlings, prominent Royalists, supported Charles I and hosted the archbishop James Ussher, when he had to flee Cardiff.
Though Charles severely tested Ussher's loyalty by negotiating with the Catholic Irish, the Primate remained committed to the royal cause, though as king's fortunes waned Ussher had to move on to Bristol, Cardiff, and then to St Donat's.

Alice Head

Alice Maud Head
By 1925 he was eager to purchase a genuine castle, and on 13 August he sent a wire to Alice Head, the London-based managing director of his European operations, "Want buy castle in England [sic]. St Donat's perhaps satisfactory at proper price. See if you can get right price on St Donat's or any other equally good."
She would deputise for Hearst making decisions on his behalf about not just editing but also buying for him St Donat's Castle, expensive art objects and three giraffes for his zoo.

Thomas Leyson

The Welsh poet Thomas Leyson, a friend of Sir Edward, composed a tribute in Latin, suggesting that the beauty of the gardens was sufficient to encourage visits from the sea-god Neptune and the water-nymph Thetis.
A member of the gentry, Leyson was born in Neath, Glamorgan circa 1549 and roughly 20 miles from St. Donat's Castle.

Wales

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿WelshWAL
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.

Castle

castlesMedieval castlefortification
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.

Cardiff

Cardiff, WalesCaerdyddCity of Cardiff
St Donat's Castle (Castell Sain Dunwyd), St Donats, Wales, is a medieval castle in the Vale of Glamorgan, about 16 mi to the west of Cardiff, and about 1+1/2 mi to the west of Llantwit Major.

Bristol Channel

BristolSevern EstuaryChannel
Positioned on cliffs overlooking the Bristol Channel, the site has been occupied since the Iron Age, and was by tradition the home of the Celtic chieftain Caradog.

Iron Age

Early Iron AgeIronLate Iron Age
Positioned on cliffs overlooking the Bristol Channel, the site has been occupied since the Iron Age, and was by tradition the home of the Celtic chieftain Caradog.

Caratacus

CaractacusCaradocCaradog
Positioned on cliffs overlooking the Bristol Channel, the site has been occupied since the Iron Age, and was by tradition the home of the Celtic chieftain Caradog.

St Botolph's Church, Boston

St Botolph's ChurchBoston StumpSt. Botolph's Church
Hearst undertook a "brutal" expansion, including the incorporation of elements from other ancient structures such as the roofs of Bradenstoke Priory, Wiltshire and St Botolph's Church in Lincolnshire.

Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings

SPABSociety for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB)
His approach to architectural reclamation was controversial and the destruction of Bradenstoke was opposed in a vigorous campaign organised by the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings.