St Margaret's Chapel, Edinburgh

St Margaret's Chapelsmall chapelSt. Margaret's Chapel
St Margaret's Chapel, in Edinburgh Castle, is the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh, Scotland.wikipedia
54 Related Articles

Edinburgh Castle

EdinburghCastleOne O'Clock Gun
St Margaret's Chapel, in Edinburgh Castle, is the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh, Scotland. According to the Life of Saint Margaret, attributed to Turgot of Durham, she died at Edinburgh Castle in 1093, just days after receiving the news of her husband's death in battle.
The most notable exceptions are St Margaret's Chapel from the early 12th century, which is regarded as the oldest building in Edinburgh, the Royal Palace and the early-16th-century Great Hall, although the interiors have been much altered from the mid-Victorian period onwards.

Saint Margaret of Scotland

MargaretQueen MargaretSt Margaret
Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1045 – 16 November 1093) was an English princess of the House of Wessex, the sister of Edgar Ætheling.
One of the oldest is St Margaret's Chapel in Edinburgh Castle in Edinburgh, Scotland, which her son King David I founded.

Douglas Strachan

The five stained-glass windows were made by Douglas Strachan in 1922, and illustrate St Margaret, St Andrew, St Columba, St Ninian and William Wallace.
St Margaret's Chapel, Edinburgh Castle (1922)

Edinburgh

Edinburgh, ScotlandCity of EdinburghCity of Edinburgh council area
St Margaret's Chapel, in Edinburgh Castle, is the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
St Margaret's Chapel, in Edinburgh Castle, is the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Romanesque architecture

RomanesqueRomanesque styleLate Romanesque
An example of Romanesque architecture, it is a category A listed building.

Listed building

Grade II listedlistedlisted buildings
An example of Romanesque architecture, it is a category A listed building.

Kingdom of England

EnglandEnglishAnglo
Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1045 – 16 November 1093) was an English princess of the House of Wessex, the sister of Edgar Ætheling.

House of Wessex

WessexSaxon KingsSaxon King
Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1045 – 16 November 1093) was an English princess of the House of Wessex, the sister of Edgar Ætheling.

Edgar Ætheling

Edgar IIaetheling EdgarEdgar
Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1045 – 16 November 1093) was an English princess of the House of Wessex, the sister of Edgar Ætheling.

Kingdom of Scotland

ScotlandScottishScots
Margaret and her family fled to Scotland following the Norman conquest of England of 1066.

Norman conquest of England

Norman conquestConquestNorman invasion
Margaret and her family fled to Scotland following the Norman conquest of England of 1066.

Malcolm III of Scotland

Malcolm IIIMáel Coluim IIIMalcolm Canmore
Around 1070 Margaret married Malcolm III of Scotland.

Firth of Forth

ForthFirthFirth of Foth
She was a pious woman, and among many charitable works she established a ferry across the Firth of Forth for pilgrims travelling to Dunfermline Abbey.

Dunfermline Abbey

Dunfermlineabbey at DunfermlinePriory of Dunfermline
She was a pious woman, and among many charitable works she established a ferry across the Firth of Forth for pilgrims travelling to Dunfermline Abbey.

Turgot of Durham

TurgotBishop TurgotPrior Thurgot of Durham
According to the Life of Saint Margaret, attributed to Turgot of Durham, she died at Edinburgh Castle in 1093, just days after receiving the news of her husband's death in battle.

Pope Innocent IV

Innocent IVSinibaldo FieschiInnocent
In 1250 she was canonised by Pope Innocent IV.

Chapel

chapelsside chapelprayer room
It was originally thought that St Margaret herself worshipped in this small chapel, but the style of the architecture indicates that it was built during the reign of David I, her fourth son, who ruled from 1124–1153.

David I of Scotland

David IKing David IDavid
It was originally thought that St Margaret herself worshipped in this small chapel, but the style of the architecture indicates that it was built during the reign of David I, her fourth son, who ruled from 1124–1153.

Robert the Bruce

Robert IRobert BruceRobert I of Scotland
On the night of 14 March 1314 the castle was captured by Robert the Bruce.

Pound Scots

Scotspounds ScotsScotPound
On his death bed in 1329, Bruce spoke of the story of Queen Margaret and issued orders for the chapel's repair, with some forty pounds Scots being put aside for that purpose.

Scottish Reformation

ReformationProtestant ReformationProtestant
The chapel fell into disuse at the Protestant Reformation, and was used as a gunpowder store from the 16th century.

Daniel Wilson (academic)

Daniel WilsonSir Daniel Wilson
By 1845 the chapel formed a store room at the western end of the 18th century garrison chapel, when the antiquarian Sir Daniel Wilson realised the significance of the chapel and publicised the building.

Queen Victoria

Victoriathe QueenQueen
The garrison chapel was demolished and St Margaret's Chapel restored in 1851–1852 with the support of Queen Victoria.