stadiumssports stadiumstadiadomed stadiumfootball stadiumgroundathletics stadiumparkballparkvenue
A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tiered structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.wikipedia
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Olympia, Greece

OlympiaAncient OlympiaAltis
Pausanias noted that for about half a century the only event at the ancient Greek Olympic festival was the race that comprised one length of the stadion at Olympia, where the word "stadium" originated.
The hippodrome and later stadium were located east of the Echo Stoa.

Baseball park

ballparkbaseball stadiumpark
In the U.S., many professional baseball teams built large stadiums mainly out of wood, with the first such venue being the South End Grounds in Boston, opened in 1871 for the team then known as the Boston Beaneaters (now the Atlanta Braves).
A baseball park, also known as a ballpark or diamond, is a venue where baseball is played.

Archibald Leitch

The architect Archibald Leitch brought his experience with the construction of industrial buildings to bear on the design of functional stadiums up and down the country.
Archibald Keir Leitch (27 April 1865 – 25 April 1939) was a Scottish architect, most famous for his work designing football stadiums throughout Britain and Ireland.

White City Stadium

White City(White City - London)(White City, London)
The White City Stadium, built for the 1908 Summer Olympics in London is often cited as the first modern seater stadium, at least in the UK.
The White City Stadium was a stadium located in White City, London, England.

Baker Bowl

National League ParkHuntingdon GroundsPhiladelphia Baseball Grounds
During these decades, parallel stadium developments were taking place in the U.S. The Baker Bowl, a baseball park in Philadelphia that opened in its original form in 1887 but was completely rebuilt in 1895, broke new ground in stadium construction in two major ways.
Baker Bowl is the best-known popular name of a baseball park that formerly stood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

Seating capacity

Designed by the engineer J.J. Webster and completed in 10 months by George Wimpey, on the site of the Franco-British Exhibition, this stadium with a seating capacity of 68,000 was opened by King Edward VII on 27 April 1908.
Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people.


Houston AstrodomeReliant AstrodomeThe Astrodome
But, in the context of sports stadiums, the term "dome" has become standard for all covered stadiums, particularly because the first such enclosed stadium, the Houston Astrodome, was built with an actual dome-shaped roof.
The NRG Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome or simply the Astrodome, was the world's first multi-purpose, domed sports stadium, located in Houston, Texas.

Mercedes-Benz Superdome

Louisiana SuperdomeSuperdomeNew Orleans
The Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans is a true dome structure made of a lamellar multi-ringed frame and has a diameter of 680 feet (210 m).
The Mercedes-Benz Superdome, often referred to simply as the Superdome, is a domed sports and exhibition stadium located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

Movable seating

complex conversionmovable standretractable seating
Some stadiums are designed primarily for a single sport while others can accommodate different events, particularly ones with retractable seating.
Movable seating is a feature of some facilities like stadiums, often known as convertible stadiums, or moduable stadiums.

Multi-purpose stadium

multi-purposemulti-use stadiummultipurpose stadium
The most common multiple use design combines a football pitch with a running track, a combination which generally works fairly well, although certain compromises must be made.
A multi-purpose stadium is a type of stadium designed to be easily used by multiple types of events.

Harvard Crimson football

HarvardHarvard CrimsonHarvard University
Another influential venue was Boston's Harvard Stadium, built in 1903 by Harvard University for its American football team and track and field program.
Harvard Stadium is a horseshoe-shaped football stadium in the Allston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States.

Griffith Stadium

National ParkWashingtonWashington, D.C.
Before more modern football stadiums were built in the United States, many baseball parks, including Fenway Park, the Polo Grounds, Wrigley Field, Comiskey Park, Tiger Stadium, Griffith Stadium, Milwaukee County Stadium, Shibe Park, Forbes Field, Yankee Stadium, and Sportsman's Park were used by the National Football League or the American Football League.
Griffith Stadium was a mixed-use stadium that stood in Washington, D.C., from 1911 to 1965, between Georgia Avenue and 5th Street (left field), and between W Street and Florida Avenue NW.


indoor arenaindoor sporting arenaindoor sports arena
Those designed for what are usually indoor sports like basketball, ice hockey and volleyball are generally called arenas.
The term arena is sometimes used as a synonym for a very large venue such as Pasadena's Rose Bowl, but such a facility is typically called a stadium, especially if it does not have a roof.

All-seater stadium

all-seaterall-seatedall-seater stadia
An "all-seater" stadium has seats for all spectators.
An all-seater stadium is a sports stadium in which every spectator has a seat.


Until the advent of floodlights, most games played on large areas had to rely on natural lighting.
In the top tiers of many professional sports, it is a requirement for stadiums to have floodlights to allow games to be scheduled outside daylight hours.

Premier League

FA Premier LeaguePremiershipEnglish Premier League
Since these, all Premier League, UEFA European Championship and FIFA World Cup qualifying matches require all spectators to be seated.
Stadiums were crumbling, supporters endured poor facilities, hooliganism was rife, and English clubs were banned from European competition for five years following the Heysel Stadium disaster in 1985.

Hillsborough Stadium

For example, the Hillsborough disaster was a human crush at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England on 15 April 1989.
Hillsborough Stadium, is a 39,732-capacity association football stadium located in Owlerton, a north-western suburb of Sheffield, England.

Track and field

tracktrack & fieldathlete
No football was played; instead the 12,000 crowd watched a short track and field event followed by music and a fireworks display.
The term track and field is intertwined with the stadiums that first hosted such competitions.

Candlestick Park

3Com ParkMonster Park3Com Park at Candlestick Point
San Francisco's historic Candlestick Park was renamed as 3Com Park for several years, but the name was dropped when the sponsorship agreement expired, and it was another two years before the new name of Monster Cable Products' Monster Park was applied.
Candlestick Park was an outdoor sports and entertainment stadium on the West Coast of the United States, located in San Francisco's Bayview Heights area.


Signal Iduna ParkAFIFA WM Stadion Dortmund
Also, many newer European football stadiums, such as the University of Bolton and Emirates Stadiums in England and Signal Iduna Park and Allianz Arena in Germany have been corporately named.
Westfalenstadion is a football stadium in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, which is the home of Borussia Dortmund.

Allianz Arena

AFIFA WM Stadion MünchenH
Also, many newer European football stadiums, such as the University of Bolton and Emirates Stadiums in England and Signal Iduna Park and Allianz Arena in Germany have been corporately named.
Allianz Arena is a football stadium in Munich, Bavaria, Germany with a 75,000 seating capacity.


PythoDelphic oracleOracle at Delphi
The stadium is located further up the hill, beyond the via sacra and the theatre.

Ellis Park Stadium

Ellis ParkJohannesburgEmirates Airline Park
This rule applies even if the stadium sponsor is an official FIFA sponsor—the Johannesburg stadium then commercially known as "Coca-Cola Park", bearing the name of one of FIFA's major sponsors, was known by its historic name of Ellis Park Stadium during the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
Ellis Park Stadium (known as Emirates Airline Park for sponsorship reasons) is a rugby union and association football stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa.

Shea Stadium

SheaNew Yorkhome
The origins of stadium rock are sometimes dated to when The Beatles played Shea Stadium in New York in 1965.
Shea Stadium (formally known as William A. Shea Municipal Stadium) was a stadium in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, Queens, New York City.

The Beatles' 1965 US tour

1965 US tour1965 North American tourShea Stadium
The origins of stadium rock are sometimes dated to when The Beatles played Shea Stadium in New York in 1965.
At the peak of American Beatlemania, they played a mixture of outdoor stadiums and indoor arenas, with historic concerts at Shea Stadium in New York and the Hollywood Bowl.