Stand-up comedy

stand-up comedianStand-upstand-up comicstand up comedystand up comedianStand upstandup comedystand-up comediansstandup comediancomedy
Stand-up comedy is a comic style in which a comedian performs in front of a live audience, usually speaking directly to them.wikipedia
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Comedy

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Stand-up comedy is a comic style in which a comedian performs in front of a live audience, usually speaking directly to them.
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) is a genre of fiction that refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, books and novels or any other medium of entertainment.

Comedian

comedianscomiccomedienne
Stand-up comedy is a comic style in which a comedian performs in front of a live audience, usually speaking directly to them.
A comedian who addresses an audience directly is called a stand-up comedian.

Observational comedy

Observationalobservational humorObservational humour
Some of the main types of humor in stand-up comedy include observational comedy, blue comedy, dark comedy, clean comedy, and cringe comedy.
It is one of the main types of humor in stand-up comedy.

Alternative comedy

alternative comedianalternative comediansalternative
Alternative stand-up comedy deviates from the traditional, mainstream comedy by breaking either joke structure, performing in an untraditional scene, or breaking an audience's expectations; this includes, but is not limited to, the use of shaggy dog stories and anti-jokes.
Alternative comedy came to describe an approach to stand-up comedy that was neither racist nor sexist but free-form and devised by the performers themselves.

Joke

jokesjocularjest
Comedians give the illusion that they are dialoguing, but in actuality, they are monologuing a grouping of humorous stories, jokes and one-liners, typically called a shtick, routine, act, or set. Stand-up comedians will normally deliver their jokes in the form of a typical joke structure, using comedic timing to deliver the setup and then the punch line.
Stand-up comics, comedians and slapstick work with comic timing, precision and rhythm in their performance, relying as much on actions as on the verbal punchline to evoke laughter.

Ken Dodd

Sir Ken DoddKenneth Arthur DoddAnother Audience with Ken Dodd
Notable "front-cloth comics" who rose through the 20th century variety theatre circuit were Morecambe and Wise, Arthur Askey, Ken Dodd and Max Miller.
Sir Kenneth Arthur Dodd (8 November 1927 – 11 March 2018) was an English comedian, singer and occasional actor.

Lenny Bruce

Lenny[Lenny] BruceLeonard
The 1960s had also seen the satire boom, including the creation of the club, the Establishment, which, amongst other things, gave British audiences their first taste of extreme American stand-up comedy from Lenny Bruce.
Leonard Alfred Schneider (October 13, 1925 – August 3, 1966), better known by his stage name Lenny Bruce, was an American stand-up comedian, social critic, and satirist.

Alexei Sayle

Alexi SayleAlexei's Midnight RunnersAlexie Sayle
In 1979, the first American-style stand-up comedy club, the Comedy Store was opened in London by Peter Rosengard, where many alternative comedy stars of the 1980s, such as Dawn French and Jennifer Saunders, Alexei Sayle, Craig Ferguson, Rik Mayall and Ade Edmondson began their careers.
Alexei David Sayle (born 7 August 1952) is an English stand-up comedian, actor, author and former recording artist, and was a central figure in the alternative comedy movement in the 1980s.

Comedy club

comedy clubsComedy Barclubs
Stand-up comedy is often performed in corporate events, comedy clubs, bars and pubs, nightclubs, neo-burlesques, colleges and theatres (audiences will give applause breaks more often in theaters ).
A comedy club is a venue—typically a nightclub, bar, casino, or restaurant—where people watch or listen to performances, including stand-up comedians, improvisational comedians, impersonators, impressionists, magicians, ventriloquists, and other comedy acts.

Variety show

varietyvariety showsvariety series
Notable "front-cloth comics" who rose through the 20th century variety theatre circuit were Morecambe and Wise, Arthur Askey, Ken Dodd and Max Miller.
Radio variety shows were the predominant form of light entertainment during the Golden Age of Radio from the late 1920s through the 1940s; such radio shows typically included a house vocalist, music from the house band, a stand-up monologue and a short comedy sketch.

List of stand-up comedians from the United Kingdom

Stand-up comedy in the United Kingdom
Stand-up comedy in the United Kingdom began in the music halls of the 18th and 19th centuries.
This is an inexhaustive list of stand-up comedians from the United Kingdom.

Comic timing

comedic timingpregnant pausetiming
Stand-up comedians will normally deliver their jokes in the form of a typical joke structure, using comedic timing to deliver the setup and then the punch line.
While the use of comic timing continued to flourish on stage, by the mid-20th century, comic timing became integral to comedy film, television, and stand-up comedy.

Monologue

monologuesrantssoliloquy
Comedians give the illusion that they are dialoguing, but in actuality, they are monologuing a grouping of humorous stories, jokes and one-liners, typically called a shtick, routine, act, or set.

Rik Mayall

Rick MayallRik Mayall PresentsColin Grigson
In 1979, the first American-style stand-up comedy club, the Comedy Store was opened in London by Peter Rosengard, where many alternative comedy stars of the 1980s, such as Dawn French and Jennifer Saunders, Alexei Sayle, Craig Ferguson, Rik Mayall and Ade Edmondson began their careers.
He returned to stand-up comedy, performing on Saturday Live—a British version of the American Saturday Night Live—first broadcast in 1985.

Bob Hope

The Bob Hope ShowHopeBob
The founders of modern American stand-up comedy include Moms Mabley, Jack Benny, Bob Hope, George Burns, Fred Allen, Milton Berle and Frank Fay all of whom came from vaudeville or the Chitlin' Circuit.
He helped establish modern American stand-up comedy.

Frank Fay (American actor)

Frank Fay
The founders of modern American stand-up comedy include Moms Mabley, Jack Benny, Bob Hope, George Burns, Fred Allen, Milton Berle and Frank Fay all of whom came from vaudeville or the Chitlin' Circuit.
He is considered an important pioneer in stand-up comedy.

Mort Sahl

Mort Saul
In the 1950s and into the 1960s, stand-ups such as Mort Sahl began developing their acts in small folk clubs like San Francisco's hungry i (owned by impresario Enrico Banducci and origin of the ubiquitous "brick wall" behind comedians) or New York's Bitter End.
Morton Lyon Sahl (born May 11, 1927) is an American comedian, actor, and social satirist, considered the first modern stand-up comedian since Will Rogers.

Anti-humor

anti-comedyanti-jokeanti-jokes
Alternative stand-up comedy deviates from the traditional, mainstream comedy by breaking either joke structure, performing in an untraditional scene, or breaking an audience's expectations; this includes, but is not limited to, the use of shaggy dog stories and anti-jokes.
Anti-humor jokes are also often associated with deliberately bad stand-up comedians.

Stump speech (minstrelsy)

stump speechstump speechesstump-speech monologues
Stand-up comedy in the United States got its start from the stump-speech monologues of minstrel shows in the early 19th century.
The stump speech was an important precursor to modern stand-up comedy.

Bob Newhart

Other notable comics from this era include Woody Allen, Shelley Berman, Phyllis Diller, and Bob Newhart.
George Robert Newhart (born September 5, 1929) is an American stand-up comedian and actor, noted for his deadpan and slightly stammering delivery.

Hungry i

The hungry i
In the 1950s and into the 1960s, stand-ups such as Mort Sahl began developing their acts in small folk clubs like San Francisco's hungry i (owned by impresario Enrico Banducci and origin of the ubiquitous "brick wall" behind comedians) or New York's Bitter End.
It played a major role in the history of stand-up comedy in the US.

Comedy Central Spain

Paramount ComedyParamount Comedy (Spain)Comedy Central
The first generalized relationship with this comic genre occurred in 1999 with the creation of the Paramount Comedy channel, which included the New Comics program as one of its flagship programs, where monologuists such as Ángel Martín, José Juan Vaquero, David Broncano, and Joaquín Reyes stood out.
The original Nuevos Cómicos program is a stand up comedy program, whose comedians also make theater performance tours since 2001.

Bill Cosby

CosbyBillCos
Some Black American comedians such as Redd Foxx, George Kirby, Bill Cosby, and Dick Gregory began to cross over to white audiences during this time.
William Henry Cosby Jr. (born July 12, 1937) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, musician, author, and convicted sex offender.

Redd Foxx

more than 50 records
Some Black American comedians such as Redd Foxx, George Kirby, Bill Cosby, and Dick Gregory began to cross over to white audiences during this time.
John Elroy Sanford (December 9, 1922 – October 11, 1991), better known by his stage name Redd Foxx, was an American stand-up comedian and actor.

Rodney Dangerfield

DangerfieldRappin' Rodneyhe still gets no respect
The older style of stand-up comedy (no social satire) was kept alive by Rodney Dangerfield and Buddy Hackett, who enjoyed revived careers late in life.
Jack Roy (born Jacob Rodney Cohen, November 22, 1921 – October 5, 2004), popularly known by the stage name Rodney Dangerfield, was an American stand-up comedian, actor, producer, screenwriter, musician and author.