Standardization

standardstandardizedstandardsstandardisationstandardisedindustry standardstandardizestandardisevoluntary consensus standardsnon-standard
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments.wikipedia
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Technical standard

standardstandardsindustry standard
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments.
The standardization process may be by edict or may involve the formal consensus of technical experts.

Interoperability

interoperableinteroperateInteroperability testing
Standardization can help maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.
(The ability to execute the same binary code on different processor platforms is 'not' contemplated by the definition of interoperability.) The lack of interoperability can be a consequence of a lack of attention to standardization during the design of a program.

American National Standards Institute

ANSIAmerican Standards AssociationAmerican National Standard
The Deutsches Institut für Normung was set up in Germany in 1917, followed by its counterparts, the American National Standard Institute and the French Commission Permanente de Standardisation, both in 1918. Examples include ABNT, AENOR, AFNOR, ANSI, BSI, DGN, DIN, IRAM, JISC, KATS, SABS, SAC, SCC, SIS.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI ) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.

Deutsches Institut für Normung

DINGerman Institute for StandardizationGerman Standard
The Deutsches Institut für Normung was set up in Germany in 1917, followed by its counterparts, the American National Standard Institute and the French Commission Permanente de Standardisation, both in 1918. Examples include ABNT, AENOR, AFNOR, ANSI, BSI, DGN, DIN, IRAM, JISC, KATS, SABS, SAC, SCC, SIS.
Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body.

Screw thread

threadedthreadthreads
This allowed for the standardisation of screw thread sizes for the first time and paved the way for the practical application of interchangeability (an idea that was already taking hold) to nuts and bolts.
Standardization of screw threads has evolved since the early nineteenth century to facilitate compatibility between different manufacturers and users.

Standardization Administration of China

SACGBabbreviation
Examples include ABNT, AENOR, AFNOR, ANSI, BSI, DGN, DIN, IRAM, JISC, KATS, SABS, SAC, SCC, SIS.
The Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China (SAC; ) is the standards organization authorized by the State Council of China to exercise administrative responsibilities by undertaking unified management, supervision and overall coordination of standardization work in China.

AFNOR

Commission Permanente de StandardisationAssociation Française de NormalisationAssociation Française de Normalisation (AFNOR)
The Deutsches Institut für Normung was set up in Germany in 1917, followed by its counterparts, the American National Standard Institute and the French Commission Permanente de Standardisation, both in 1918. Examples include ABNT, AENOR, AFNOR, ANSI, BSI, DGN, DIN, IRAM, JISC, KATS, SABS, SAC, SCC, SIS.
Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR, en: French Standardization Association ) is the French national organization for standardization and its International Organization for Standardization member body.

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin

Lord KelvinWilliam ThomsonWilliam Thomson, Lord Kelvin
Lord Kelvin was an important figure in this process, introducing accurate methods and apparatus for measuring electricity.
He invented the current balance, also known as the Kelvin balance or Ampere balance (SiC), for the precise specification of the ampere, the standard unit of electric current.

Unit of measurement

unitunits of measurementweights and measures
He invented the current balance, also known as the Kelvin balance or Ampere balance (SiC), for the precise specification of the ampere, the standard unit of electric current.
An important feature of modern systems is standardization.

South African Bureau of Standards

SABSNational Regulator for Compulsory Specifications
Examples include ABNT, AENOR, AFNOR, ANSI, BSI, DGN, DIN, IRAM, JISC, KATS, SABS, SAC, SCC, SIS.
29 of 2008) as the national institution for the promotion and maintenance of standardisation and quality in connection with commodities and the rendering of services.

International Classification for Standards

International Classification for Standards (ICS) is an international classification system for technical standards.

United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names

UNGEGNUnited Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical NamesUnited Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographic Names
The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN) is one of the nine expert groups of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and deals with the national and international standardization of geographical names.

Market fragmentation

fragmentationplatform fragmentationAndroid fragmentation
Increased adoption of a new technology as a result of standardization is important because rival and incompatible approaches competing in the marketplace can slow or even kill the growth of the technology (a state known as market fragmentation).
Fragmentation is the opposite of, and is solved by standardization.

Request for Comments

RFCRFCsRequests for Comments
The W3C, for example, publishes "Recommendations", and the IETF publishes "Requests for Comments" (RFCs).
The RFC production process differs from the standardization process of formal standards organizations such as International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Network effect

network effectsnetwork externalitiesnetwork externality
Interoperability can be achieved through standardization or other cooperation.

Internet Engineering Task Force

IETFInternet Engineering Task Force (IETF)IETF Working Group
The W3C, for example, publishes "Recommendations", and the IETF publishes "Requests for Comments" (RFCs).

Specification (technical standard)

specificationspecificationstechnical specifications
There are many specifications that govern the operation and interaction of devices and software on the Internet, but they are rarely referred to as standards, so as to preserve that word as the domain of relatively disinterested bodies such as ISO.

Open standard

open standardsopenopen protocol
Legitimate standards are, to some critics, only those standards whose documentation can be downloaded free-of-charge, and which can be implemented without royalties or other restrictions.

Standards organization

Standards organizationsBureau of Standardsstandards organisation
As a result, a new class of standards setters appeared on the standardization arena: the industry consortia or standards setting organizations (SSOs).

Commodity

commoditiescommodity pricescommodity good

World Standards Day

The aim of World Standards Day is to raise awareness among regulators, industry and consumers as to the importance of standardization to the global economy.

American and British English spelling differences

spelling differencesorsee spelling differences
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments.

Safety

refugeprotectionsafe
Standardization can help maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.

Repeatability

test-retest reliabilitytest-retestrepeatable
Standardization can help maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.