Stanley Baldwin

BaldwinStanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of BewdleyPrime MinisterRt Hon. Stanley BaldwinThe Rt Hon. Stanley Baldwin The Right Honourable '''Stanley Baldwin''' JP FRS S. BaldwinSir Stanley BaldwinStanleyStanley '''Baldwin
Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, (3 August 1867 – 14 December 1947) was a British statesman and Conservative Party politician who dominated the government of the United Kingdom between the world wars, being Prime Minister on three occasions.wikipedia
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1923 United Kingdom general election

19231923 general election1923 election
He called an election on the issue of tariffs and lost the Conservatives' parliamentary majority, after which Ramsay MacDonald formed a minority Labour government.
The Conservatives, led by Stanley Baldwin, won the most seats, but Labour, led by Ramsay MacDonald, and H. H. Asquith's reunited Liberal Party gained enough seats to produce a hung parliament.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
In 1922, Baldwin was one of the prime movers in the withdrawal of Conservative support from Lloyd George; he subsequently became Chancellor of the Exchequer in Bonar Law's Conservative ministry.
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, it was common for the prime minister also to serve as Chancellor of the Exchequer if he sat in the Commons; the last chancellor who was simultaneously prime minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer was Stanley Baldwin in 1923.

Bewdley (UK Parliament constituency)

BewdleyBewdley (seat 1/1)Bewdley constituency
Baldwin first entered the House of Commons in 1908 as the Member of Parliament for Bewdley, succeeding his father Alfred Baldwin.
Its MPs included the former Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, who represented the seat from 1908 to 1937, and afterwards took the name of the constituency as part of his title when he was raised to the peerage.

1924 United Kingdom general election

19241924 general election1924 election
After winning the 1924 general election Baldwin formed his second government, which saw important tenures of office by Sir Austen Chamberlain (Foreign Secretary), Winston Churchill (at the Exchequer) and Neville Chamberlain (Health).
The Conservatives, led by Stanley Baldwin, performed better, in electoral terms, than in the 1923 general election and obtained a large parliamentary majority of 209.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, (3 August 1867 – 14 December 1947) was a British statesman and Conservative Party politician who dominated the government of the United Kingdom between the world wars, being Prime Minister on three occasions.
In 1922, Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin led the break-up of the coalition and the Conservatives governed until 1923, when a minority Labour government led by Ramsay MacDonald came to power.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
After winning the 1924 general election Baldwin formed his second government, which saw important tenures of office by Sir Austen Chamberlain (Foreign Secretary), Winston Churchill (at the Exchequer) and Neville Chamberlain (Health).
After two years out of Parliament, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Stanley Baldwin's Conservative government, returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy.

1935 United Kingdom general election

19351935 general election1935 election
In 1935, Baldwin replaced MacDonald as Prime Minister of the National Government, and won the 1935 general election with another large majority.
The 1935 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 14 November 1935 and resulted in a large, albeit reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin of the Conservative Party.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainMr. ChamberlainNeville
After winning the 1924 general election Baldwin formed his second government, which saw important tenures of office by Sir Austen Chamberlain (Foreign Secretary), Winston Churchill (at the Exchequer) and Neville Chamberlain (Health).
When Stanley Baldwin retired in May 1937, Chamberlain took his place as Prime Minister.

National Government (United Kingdom)

National GovernmentNationalNational Independent
In 1931, Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald formed a National Government, most of whose ministers were Conservatives, and which won an enormous majority at the 1931 general election.
In a historical sense it usually refers primarily to the governments of Ramsay MacDonald, Stanley Baldwin and Neville Chamberlain, which held office during the Great Depression from 1931 until 1940.

1931 United Kingdom general election

19311931 general election1931 election
In 1931, Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald formed a National Government, most of whose ministers were Conservatives, and which won an enormous majority at the 1931 general election.
Although the overwhelming majority of the Government MPs were Conservatives under the leadership of Stanley Baldwin, MacDonald remained Prime Minister in the new National Government.

Alfred Baldwin (politician)

Alfred BaldwinBaldwinA. Baldwin
Baldwin first entered the House of Commons in 1908 as the Member of Parliament for Bewdley, succeeding his father Alfred Baldwin. Baldwin was born at Lower Park House, Lower Park, Bewdley in Worcestershire, England to Alfred and Louisa Baldwin (née MacDonald), and through his Scottish mother was a first cousin of the writer and poet Rudyard Kipling, with whom he was close for their entire lives.
He was the father of Stanley Baldwin, the Conservative Prime Minister.

Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook

Lord BeaverbrookBeaverbrookMax Aitken
Baldwin narrowly lost the 1929 general election and his continued leadership of the party was subject to extensive criticism by the press barons Lord Rothermere and Lord Beaverbrook.
Beaverbrook supported the government of Stanley Baldwin and that of Neville Chamberlain throughout the 1930s and was persuaded by another long standing political friend, Winston Churchill, to serve as his Minister of Aircraft Production from May 1940.

Rudyard Kipling

KiplingKipling, RudyardKiplingesque
Baldwin was born at Lower Park House, Lower Park, Bewdley in Worcestershire, England to Alfred and Louisa Baldwin (née MacDonald), and through his Scottish mother was a first cousin of the writer and poet Rudyard Kipling, with whom he was close for their entire lives.
Kipling's most famous relative was his first cousin, Stanley Baldwin, who was Conservative Prime Minister three times in the 1920s and '30s.

Leader of the Conservative Party (UK)

Leader of the Conservative PartyLeaderparty leader
Upon Bonar Law's resignation due to health reasons in May 1923, Baldwin became Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party.
The 4th Marquess of Salisbury: 1925–1931, appointed by Prime Minister Baldwin

Lucy Baldwin

Lucy RidsdaleLucyMrs Baldwin
Baldwin married Lucy Ridsdale on 12 September 1892.
From 1892 until her death in 1945, she was the wife of Stanley Baldwin, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Mason Science College

Mason CollegeMason University CollegeMason College, Birmingham
His father sent him to Mason College (taking external exams of University of London) for one session of technical training in metallurgy as preparation.
Two students of the college, Neville Chamberlain and Stanley Baldwin, later went on to become Prime Ministers of the UK.

Remilitarization of the Rhineland

reoccupation of the Rhinelandremilitarized the Rhinelandremilitarisation of the Rhineland
Baldwin's third government saw a number of crises in foreign affairs, including the public uproar over the Hoare–Laval Pact, Remilitarization of the Rhineland and the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.
On 7 June 1935, MacDonald resigned as British Prime Minister due to ailing health and was replaced by Stanley Baldwin of the Conservative Party; the leadership change did not affect British foreign policy in any meaningful way.

Guilty Men

At that time, Baldwin was regarded as a popular and successful Prime Minister, but for the final decade of his life, and for many years afterwards, he was vilified for having presided over high unemployment in the 1930s and as one of the "Guilty Men" who had tried to appease Adolf Hitler and who had – supposedly – not rearmed sufficiently to prepare for the Second World War.
The book shaped popular thinking about appeasement for twenty years; it effectively destroyed the reputation of former Prime Ministers Stanley Baldwin and Neville Chamberlain, and contributed to the defeat of the Conservative Party at the 1945 general election.

Historical rankings of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom

2016 surveyBritish prime ministersgenerally rank him in the upper half
Today, modern scholars generally rank him in the upper half of British prime ministers.
8) Baldwin (Con)

Conservative government, 1922–1924

LawConservative administrationsConservative Government
In 1921 he was promoted to the Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade.
The government was led by Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin, appointed respectively as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by King George V.

Harrow School

HarrowOld HarrovianOld Harrovians
Baldwin's schools were St Michael's School, at the time located in Slough, Berkshire, followed by Harrow School.
Its alumni include eight former British or Indian Prime Ministers (including Peel, Palmerston, Baldwin, Churchill and Nehru), foreign politicians, former and current members of both houses of the U.K. Parliament, five kings and several other members of various royal families, three Nobel Prize winners, twenty Victoria Cross and one George Cross holders, and many figures in the arts and sciences.

Financial Secretary to the Treasury

Shadow Financial Secretary to the TreasuryFinancial Secretaries to the TreasuryFinancial Secretary
In 1917 he was appointed to the junior ministerial post of Financial Secretary to the Treasury, where he sought to encourage voluntary donations by the rich to repay the United Kingdom's war debt, writing letters to The Times under the pseudonym 'FST', many of which were published.
In 1923 Sir William Joynson-Hicks became the–to date–only Financial Secretary to serve in the Cabinet due to the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, also concurrently serving as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

1922 United Kingdom general election

19221922 general election1922 election
In the November 1922 general election the Conservatives were returned with a majority in their own right.
Neither of the leaders of the two main parties would get to enjoy their success in the election for very long; within less than a month of the election, Clynes was defeated in a leadership challenge by former Labour leader Ramsay MacDonald, while Law would only last a little over seven months as Prime Minister before being forced to step down due to a terminal illness, resulting in Stanley Baldwin succeeding him as both party leader and Prime Minister.

George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

Lord CurzonGeorge CurzonCurzon
With many of the party's senior leading figures standing aloof and outside of the government, there were only two candidates to succeed him: Lord Curzon, the Foreign Secretary, and Baldwin.
Despite his illustrious success as both Viceroy and Foreign Secretary, especially at the recent Conference of Lausanne, in 1923 Curzon was denied the office of Prime Minister in favour of Stanley Baldwin.

Ramsay MacDonald

MacDonaldJames Ramsay MacDonaldRt Hon. Ramsay MacDonald
He called an election on the issue of tariffs and lost the Conservatives' parliamentary majority, after which Ramsay MacDonald formed a minority Labour government. In 1931, Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald formed a National Government, most of whose ministers were Conservatives, and which won an enormous majority at the 1931 general election.
At the 1922 election, Labour replaced the Liberals as the main opposition party to the Conservative government of Stanley Baldwin, making MacDonald Leader of the Opposition.