Startup company

startupstartupsstartup companiesstart-upstart-upsstart-up companiesstart-up companystartup businessestech startupstart up
A startup or start-up is started by individual founders or entrepreneurs to search for a repeatable and scalable business model.wikipedia
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Unicorn (finance)

unicornunicornsunicorn company
Some startups become unicorns, i.e. privately held startup companies valued at over $1 billion.
A unicorn is a privately held startup company valued at over $1 billion.

Lean startup

leanpivoteffectively develop and validate
Founders design startups to effectively develop and validate a scalable business model.
Central to the lean startup methodology is the assumption that when startup companies invest their time into iteratively building products or services to meet the needs of early customers, the company can reduce market risks and sidestep the need for large amounts of initial project funding and expensive product launches and failures.

Business model

business modelsmodeloperating model
Founders design startups to effectively develop and validate a scalable business model. More specifically, a startup is a newly emerged business venture that aims to develop a viable business model to meet a marketplace need or problem.
Further extensions to this design logic emphasize the use of narrative or coherence in business model descriptions as mechanisms by which entrepreneurs create extraordinarily successful growth firms.

DiDi

Didi ChuxingDidi TaxiDidi Kuaidi
The largest unicorns founded as of October 2018 included Ant Financial, ByteDance, DiDi, Uber, Xiaomi, and Airbnb.
In December 2017, DiDi closed a US$4 billion financing round, becoming the 2nd most valuable start-up company in the world after Ant Financial, with over US$56 billion worth of valuation, and backed by over 100 investors.

Disruptive innovation

disruptive technologydisruptive technologiesdisruption
In contrast to this profile is the originator which has a management style that is highly entrepreneurial and in which a radical invention or a disruptive innovation (totally new standard) is being developed.
Disruptive innovations tend to be produced by outsiders and entrepreneurs in startups, rather than existing market-leading companies.

Venture capital

venture capitalistventure capitalistsventure capital firm
Anyone can be a co-founder, and an existing company can also be a co-founder, but the most common co-founders are founder-CEOs, engineers, hackers, web developers, web designers and others involved in the ground level of a new, often venture. The startup ecosystem consists of the individuals (entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, angel investors, mentors, advisors); institutions and organizations (top research universities and institutes, business schools and entrepreneurship programs and centres operated by universities and colleges, non-profit entrepreneurship support organizations, government entrepreneurship programs and services, Chambers of commerce) business incubators and business accelerators and top-performing entrepreneurial firms and startups. Venture capital firms and angel investors may help startup companies begin operations, exchanging seed money for an equity stake in the firm.
Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).

TechCrunch

Tech CrunchCrunchBaseTechCrunch 50
According to TechCrunch, there were 279 unicorns as of March 2018, with most of the unicorns located in China, followed by the United States.
TechCrunch Disrupt hosts an event called Startup Battlefield at its conferences where startups sign up to pitch their business ideas on a stage in front of venture capital investors, media and other interested parties for prize money and publicity.

Shareholders' agreement

shareholder agreementshareholders agreementSHA
When there is no definitive agreement (like SHA), disputes about who the co-founders are can arise.
However, where there are a relatively small number of shareholders, like in a Startup company, it is quite common in practice for the shareholders to supplement the constitutional document.

Startup ecosystem

hubscenestartup hub
The size and maturity of the startup ecosystem is where a startup is launched and where it grows to have an effect on the volume and success of the startups.
A startup ecosystem is formed by people, startups in their various stages and various types of organizations in a location (physical or virtual), interacting as a system to create and scale new startup companies.

Valuation (finance)

valuationinvestment analysisvaluations
Some startups become unicorns, i.e. privately held startup companies valued at over $1 billion.
Startup companies such as Uber, which was valued at $50 billion in early 2015, are assigned post-money valuations based on the price at which their most recent investor put money into the company.

Business incubator

incubatorbusiness incubatorsbusiness incubation
The startup ecosystem consists of the individuals (entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, angel investors, mentors, advisors); institutions and organizations (top research universities and institutes, business schools and entrepreneurship programs and centres operated by universities and colleges, non-profit entrepreneurship support organizations, government entrepreneurship programs and services, Chambers of commerce) business incubators and business accelerators and top-performing entrepreneurial firms and startups.
A business incubator is a company that helps new and startup companies to develop by providing services such as management training or office space.

Entrepreneurship

entrepreneurFounderentrepreneurs
The startup ecosystem consists of the individuals (entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, angel investors, mentors, advisors); institutions and organizations (top research universities and institutes, business schools and entrepreneurship programs and centres operated by universities and colleges, non-profit entrepreneurship support organizations, government entrepreneurship programs and services, Chambers of commerce) business incubators and business accelerators and top-performing entrepreneurial firms and startups. A startup or start-up is started by individual founders or entrepreneurs to search for a repeatable and scalable business model.
While definitions of entrepreneurship typically focus on the launching and running of businesses, due to the high risks involved in launching a start-up, a significant proportion of start-up businesses have to close due to "lack of funding, bad business decisions, an economic crisis, lack of market demand—or a combination of all of these.

Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley, CaliforniaSan JoseValley
One of the most famous startup ecosystems is Silicon Valley in California, where major computer and internet firms and top universities such as Stanford University create a stimulating startup environment, Boston (where Massachusetts Institute of Technology is located) and Berlin, home of WISTA (a top research area), numerous creative industries, leading entrepreneurs and startup firms.
The word "silicon" in the name originally referred to the large number of silicon chip innovators and manufacturers in the region, but the area is now the home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, including the headquarters of 39 businesses in the Fortune 1000, and thousands of startup companies.

Stanford University

StanfordLeland Stanford Junior UniversityStanford Cardinal
One of the most famous startup ecosystems is Silicon Valley in California, where major computer and internet firms and top universities such as Stanford University create a stimulating startup environment, Boston (where Massachusetts Institute of Technology is located) and Berlin, home of WISTA (a top research area), numerous creative industries, leading entrepreneurs and startup firms.
In addition, Stanford University is particularly noted for its entrepreneurship and is one of the most successful universities in attracting funding for start-ups.

Minimum viable product

MVPsmallest useful orbital rocket
The founder(s) of a startup will begin market validation by problem interview, solution interview, and then building a minimum viable product (MVP), i.e. a prototype, to develop and validate the business models.
Startup company

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Startup advocates are also trying to build a community of tech startups in New York City with organizations like NY Tech Meet Up and Built in NYC.
Brooklyn (Kings County), on the western tip of Long Island, is the city's most populous borough. Brooklyn is known for its cultural, social, and ethnic diversity, an independent art scene, distinct neighborhoods, and a distinctive architectural heritage. Downtown Brooklyn is the largest central core neighborhood in the outer boroughs. The borough has a long beachfront shoreline including Coney Island, established in the 1870s as one of the earliest amusement grounds in the country. Marine Park and Prospect Park are the two largest parks in Brooklyn. Since 2010, Brooklyn has evolved into a thriving hub of entrepreneurship and high technology startup firms, and of postmodern art and design.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MITMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)M.I.T.
One of the most famous startup ecosystems is Silicon Valley in California, where major computer and internet firms and top universities such as Stanford University create a stimulating startup environment, Boston (where Massachusetts Institute of Technology is located) and Berlin, home of WISTA (a top research area), numerous creative industries, leading entrepreneurs and startup firms.
Students often become published, file patent applications, and/or launch start-up companies based upon their experience in UROPs.

Angel investor

angel investorsangel investmentbusiness angel
The startup ecosystem consists of the individuals (entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, angel investors, mentors, advisors); institutions and organizations (top research universities and institutes, business schools and entrepreneurship programs and centres operated by universities and colleges, non-profit entrepreneurship support organizations, government entrepreneurship programs and services, Chambers of commerce) business incubators and business accelerators and top-performing entrepreneurial firms and startups. Venture capital firms and angel investors may help startup companies begin operations, exchanging seed money for an equity stake in the firm.
An angel investor (also known as a business angel, informal investor, angel funder, private investor, or seed investor) is an affluent individual who provides capital for a business start-up, usually in exchange for convertible debt or ownership equity.

Super angel

angel fundssuper angel investor
In Series A rounds venture capital firms will be participating alongside angels or super angel investors.
Super angel (or "super-angel") investors are a group of serial investors in early stage ventures in Silicon Valley, California, and other technology centers who are particularly sophisticated, insightful, or well-connected in the startup business community.

Startup accelerator

seed acceleratoracceleratorbusiness accelerator
The startup ecosystem consists of the individuals (entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, angel investors, mentors, advisors); institutions and organizations (top research universities and institutes, business schools and entrepreneurship programs and centres operated by universities and colleges, non-profit entrepreneurship support organizations, government entrepreneurship programs and services, Chambers of commerce) business incubators and business accelerators and top-performing entrepreneurial firms and startups.
2) A seed investment in the startups is usually made, in exchange for equity. Typically, the investment is between US$20000 and US$50000 (or GB£10000 and GB£50000 in Europe )

Venture round

Series BSeries Cseries B round
The next rounds are Series B, C, and D. These three rounds are the ones leading towards the IPO.
A venture round is a type of funding round used for venture capital financing, by which startup companies obtain investment, generally from venture capitalists and other institutional investors.

Seed money

seed fundingseed roundseed capital
Venture capital firms and angel investors may help startup companies begin operations, exchanging seed money for an equity stake in the firm.
Seed money, sometimes known as seed funding or seed capital, is a form of securities offering in which an investor invests capital in a startup company in exchange for an equity stake in the company.

Private equity

private-equityequityPrivate equity investor
Venture capital firms and private equity firms will be participating.
This is distinct from a venture-capital or growth-capital investment, in which the investors (typically venture-capital firms or angel investors) invest in young, growing or emerging companies, and rarely obtain majority control.

Stock exchange

stock exchangesexchangebourse
Prior to the advent of equity crowdfunding, a form of online investing that has been legalized in several nations, startups did not advertise themselves to the general public as investment opportunities until and unless they first obtained approval from regulators for an initial public offering (IPO) that typically involved a listing of the startup's securities on a stock exchange.
For this reason, the public market provided by the stock exchanges has been one of the most important funding sources for many capital intensive startups.

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest Berlin
One of the most famous startup ecosystems is Silicon Valley in California, where major computer and internet firms and top universities such as Stanford University create a stimulating startup environment, Boston (where Massachusetts Institute of Technology is located) and Berlin, home of WISTA (a top research area), numerous creative industries, leading entrepreneurs and startup firms.
In 2015 Berlin generated the most venture capital for young startup companies in Europe.