Starvation

starvedstarvingstarvestarved to deathinanitionhungerdeprivation of food and drinklack of foodstarve to deathbeing starved to death
Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.wikipedia
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Death

mortalitydeceaseddead
In humans, prolonged starvation can cause permanent organ damage and eventually, death.
Phenomena which commonly bring about death include aging, predation, malnutrition, disease, suicide, homicide, starvation, dehydration, and accidents or major trauma resulting in terminal injury.

Malnutrition

malnourishednutritional deficienciesmalnourishment
It is the most extreme form of malnutrition.
Extreme undernourishment, known as starvation, may have symptoms that include: a short height, thin body, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen.

Torture

torturedtorturingtorture device
Starvation may also be used as a means of torture or execution.
In Ireland v. United Kingdom (1979–1980) the ECHR ruled that the five techniques developed by the United Kingdom (wall-standing, hooding, subjection to noise, deprivation of sleep, and deprivation of food and drink), as used against fourteen detainees in Northern Ireland by the United Kingdom were "inhuman and degrading" and breached the European Convention on Human Rights, but did not amount to "torture".

Anorexia nervosa

anorexiaanorexicanorexics
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by attempts to lose weight, to the point of starvation.

Famine

faminesfood shortagesfood crisis
This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality.

Hypoglycemia

low blood sugarhypoglycaemiahypoglycemic
The glycogen stores are ordinarily replenished after every meal, but if the store is depleted before it can be replenished, the body enters hypoglycemia, and begins the starvation response.
Other causes of hypoglycemia include kidney failure, certain tumors (such as insulinoma), liver disease, hypothyroidism, starvation, inborn error of metabolism, severe infections, reactive hypoglycemia and a number of drugs including alcohol.

Food security

food insecurityfood supplyfood insecure
Individuals who are food secure do not live in hunger or fear of starvation.

Ketone bodies

ketone bodyketonesnegatively charged ketone
After 2 or 3 days of fasting, the liver begins to synthesize ketone bodies from precursors obtained from fatty acid breakdown.
Ketone bodies are the water-soluble molecules (acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and the spontaneous breakdown product of acetoacetate, acetone) containing the ketone group that are produced by the liver from fatty acids during periods of low food intake (fasting), carbohydrate restrictive diets, starvation, prolonged intense exercise, alcoholism or in untreated (or inadequately treated) type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Poverty

poorlow-incomeindigent
Those living in poverty suffer disproportionately from hunger or even starvation and disease, as well as lower life expectancy.

Refeeding syndrome

refeedingFeedingovereating
Starving patients can be treated, but this must be done cautiously to avoid refeeding syndrome.
Refeeding syndrome is a metabolic disturbances that occur as a result of reinstitution of nutrition to people who are starved, severely malnourished or metabolically stressed due to severe illness.

Immurement

immuredbricked up alivewalled up alive
From the beginning of civilization to the Middle Ages, people were immured, or walled in, and would die for want of food.
When used as a means of execution, the prisoner is simply left to die from starvation or dehydration.

Hunger

hungrysatietyEnd hunger
According to the World Health Organization, hunger is the single gravest threat to the world's public health.

Kwashiorkor

edematous
The bloated stomach represents a form of malnutrition called kwashiorkor.

Aid

foreign aidinternational aidfood aid
The provision of emergency humanitarian aid consists of the provision of vital services (such as food aid to prevent starvation) by aid agencies, and the provision of funding or in-kind services (like logistics or transport), usually through aid agencies or the government of the affected country.

Catabolysis

catabolises
Catabolysis is the process of a body breaking down its own muscles and other tissues in order to keep vital systems such as the nervous system and heart muscle (myocardium) functioning.

Adipose tissue

adiposebody fatfat
Individuals experiencing starvation lose substantial fat (adipose tissue) and muscle mass as the body breaks down these tissues for energy.

Fasting

fastfastsfasted
Linda Hazzard a notable quack doctor put her patients on such strict fasts that some of them died of starvation.

Anorexia mirabilis

Anorexia mirabilis is primarily characterized by the refusal to eat, resulting in starvation, malnutrition, and oftentimes, death, but differs from anorexia nervosa in that the disease is associated with religion as opposed to personal aesthetics, although this behavior was usually not approved by religious authorities as a holy one.

Norman Borlaug

Norman E. BorlaugNorman Ernest BorlaugBorlaug
Borlaug was often called "the father of the Green Revolution", and is credited with saving over a billion people worldwide from starvation.

Muselmann

MuselmännerGamelinmates who were unable to work anymore
Such treatment led to loss of body tissues, and when prisoners became skeletal, the so-called Muselmann were murdered by gas or bullets when examined by camp doctors.
Muselmänner, the German version of Musulman, meaning Muslim) was a slang term used among captives of World War II Nazi concentration camps to refer to those suffering from a combination of starvation (known also as "hunger disease") and exhaustion and who were resigned to their impending death.

Sejanus

Lucius Aelius SejanusLucius Aelius SeianusL. Aelius Seianus
For instance, in the year 31, Livilla, the niece and daughter-in-law of Tiberius, was discreetly starved to death by her mother for her adulterous relationship with Sejanus and for her complicity in the murder of her own husband, Drusus the Younger.
Agrippina and two of her sons, Nero and Drusus were arrested and exiled in AD 30, and later starved to death in suspicious circumstances.

Starvation response

Starvation modeeffects of skipping mealsmetabolic adaptations
The glycogen stores are ordinarily replenished after every meal, but if the store is depleted before it can be replenished, the body enters hypoglycemia, and begins the starvation response.
Starvation contributes to tolerance during infection, as nutrients become limited when they are sequestered by host defenses and consumed by proliferating bacteria.

Hunger Plan

artificial famineconfiscated large quantities of fooddecided to starve
The Hunger Plan (der Hungerplan; der Backe-Plan) was a plan developed by Nazi Germany during World War II to seize food from the Soviet Union and give it to German soldiers and civilians; the plan entailed the death by starvation of millions of "racially inferior" Slavs following Operation Barbarossa, the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union (see Generalplan Ost).

Human overpopulation

overpopulationexpanding human populationoverpopulated
Advocates of population moderation cite issues like exceeding the Earth's carrying capacity, global warming, potential or imminent ecological collapse, impact on quality of life, and risk of mass starvation or even extinction as a basis to argue for population decline.