State funerals in the United Kingdom

state funeralstate funeralsceremonial funeralnational funeralBritish state funeralfull state honoursstate or ceremonial funerals
In the United Kingdom, a state funeral is usually reserved for a monarch and the Earl Marshal is in charge.wikipedia
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Earl Marshal

Lord MarshalMarshal of EnglandEarl Marshal of England
In the United Kingdom, a state funeral is usually reserved for a monarch and the Earl Marshal is in charge. One clear distinction, however, is that state funerals (like coronations and the State Opening of Parliament) are organized and overseen by the Earl Marshal and his officers the Heralds, who are prominently placed ahead of the coffin in the procession.
As a result of the decline of chivalry and sociocultural change, the position of Earl Marshal has evolved and among his responsibilities today is the organisation of major ceremonial state occasions like the monarch's coronation in Westminster Abbey and state funerals.

Funeral directors to the Royal Household

undertakers to the Royal Household
State and ceremonial funerals in the United Kingdom are usually assisted by the funeral directors to the Royal Household, which are privately owned and commercially operated businesses selected and appointed by the Lord Chamberlain's Office.
The same companies are normally used to assist during state or ceremonial funerals of eminent people outside the Royal Family, for example Sir Winston Churchill or Margaret Thatcher.

College of Arms

Royal LicenceCollege of HeraldsThe College of Arms
One clear distinction, however, is that state funerals (like coronations and the State Opening of Parliament) are organized and overseen by the Earl Marshal and his officers the Heralds, who are prominently placed ahead of the coffin in the procession.
The College of Arms also undertakes and consults on the planning of many ceremonial occasions such as coronations, state funerals, the annual Garter Service and the State Opening of Parliament.

Margaret Thatcher

ThatcherBaroness ThatcherThatcherite
The funerals of Diana, Princess of Wales (1997), Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (2002) and Margaret Thatcher (2013) have fallen into this category. 2013: funeral of The Baroness Thatcher (religious service at St. Paul's Cathedral, followed by cremation; ashes buried at Royal Hospital Chelsea, London)
She received a ceremonial funeral, including full military honours, with a church service at St Paul's Cathedral on 17 April.

Vigil of the Princes

guard
One notable event at the lying-in-state of King George V was the so-called Vigil of the Princes: the four sons of the late king (King Edward VIII, the Duke of York, the Duke of Gloucester and the Duke of Kent) all stood guard together for a time.
The Vigil of the Princes refers to two occasions when male members of the British Royal Family "stood guard" during the lying in state of one of their relatives during or as part of a British state funeral or ceremonial funeral.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
This last happened in 1965 for Sir Winston Churchill.
Upon his death in 1965, he was given a state funeral.

Death and funeral of Margaret Thatcher

funeral of Margaret Thatcherdeath of Margaret Thatcherdeath
2013: funeral of The Baroness Thatcher (religious service at St. Paul's Cathedral, followed by cremation; ashes buried at Royal Hospital Chelsea, London)
On 8 April 2013, former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher died of a stroke in London at the age of 87. On 17 April, she was honoured with a ceremonial funeral.

Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma

Lord MountbattenLord Louis MountbattenLouis Mountbatten
(This tradition dates from the funeral of Queen Victoria; the horses drawing the gun carriage bolted, so ratings from the Royal Navy hauled it to the Royal Chapel at Windsor.) This distinguishing feature is not invariable, however, as shown by the use of naval ratings rather than horses at the ceremonial funeral for Lord Mountbatten in 1979 (one of a number of features on that occasion which emphasized Mountbatten's lifelong links with the Royal Navy).
On 5 September 1979 Mountbatten received a ceremonial funeral at Westminster Abbey, which was attended by the Queen, the Royal Family and members of the European royal houses.

Robert Blake (admiral)

Robert BlakeAdmiral Robert BlakeBlake
1657: funeral of Admiral Robert Blake (religious service and burial in Westminster Abbey during Commonwealth; exhumed after the Restoration and reburied in St Margaret's churchyard)
After lying in state in the Queen's House, Greenwich, he was given a full state funeral and was buried in Westminster Abbey in the presence of Oliver Cromwell and the members of the Council of State (although his internal organs had earlier been buried at St Andrew's Church, Plymouth).

Humanist celebrant

humanist funeralhumanist marriagesaccredited celebrants
In 2017, the Welsh Government organised a humanist funeral for former First Minister Rhodri Morgan at the National Assembly for Wales, which was televised and billed as a major national event.
The humanist funeral for former First Minister of Wales Rhodri Morgan in 2017 was the first national funeral in the United Kingdom to be led by a humanist celebrant, former AM Lorraine Barrett, as well as the first national funeral held in Wales.

Rhodri Morgan

RhodriRhodri Morgan AMThe First Minister for Wales
In 2017, the Welsh Government organised a humanist funeral for former First Minister Rhodri Morgan at the National Assembly for Wales, which was televised and billed as a major national event.
His funeral was the first Welsh national funeral, akin to a state funeral, as well as the first national funeral led by a humanist celebrant.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
In the United Kingdom, a state funeral is usually reserved for a monarch and the Earl Marshal is in charge.

State funeral

state burialstate funeralsstate honors
In the United Kingdom, a state funeral is usually reserved for a monarch and the Earl Marshal is in charge.

Diana, Princess of Wales

Princess DianaLady Diana SpencerPrincess of Wales
The funerals of Diana, Princess of Wales (1997), Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (2002) and Margaret Thatcher (2013) have fallen into this category.

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

Queen ElizabethQueen Motherthe Queen Mother
The funerals of Diana, Princess of Wales (1997), Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (2002) and Margaret Thatcher (2013) have fallen into this category.

Gun carriage

box trailSplit trailSplit-trail
Along with the funeral service itself (which will be a large-scale national occasion), these events tend to be characterized by the use of a gun carriage to transport the coffin between locations, accompanied by a procession of military bands and detachments along with mourners and other officials.

Lying in state

lay in statelie in statelaid in state
They may also feature a lying in state and other associated ceremonies.

St Paul's Cathedral

St PaulSt. PaulSt. Paul's Cathedral
Churchill's body was taken by gun carriage from Westminster Hall to St Paul's Cathedral for the funeral.

Port of London Authority

Port of London Authority PoliceAdmiral of the Port of LondonImpulse
Afterward it was taken by river (on board the Port of London Authority launch Havengore) to Waterloo for the railway journey to Bladon for burial.

MV Havengore

MV ''HavengoreHavengore
Afterward it was taken by river (on board the Port of London Authority launch Havengore) to Waterloo for the railway journey to Bladon for burial.

Bladon

Bladon Churchyard
Afterward it was taken by river (on board the Port of London Authority launch Havengore) to Waterloo for the railway journey to Bladon for burial.

Lord Chamberlain

Lord Chamberlain of the HouseholdKing's Chamberlainchamberlain
State and ceremonial funerals in the United Kingdom are usually assisted by the funeral directors to the Royal Household, which are privately owned and commercially operated businesses selected and appointed by the Lord Chamberlain's Office. Funeral service and burial in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. The form of service used is the same for a monarch as for a commoner; in recent centuries the Book of Common Prayer has been used. Prior to the burial, Garter King of Arms pronounces the style of the deceased monarch, using a form of words that has varied little over centuries of use. As the body is placed in the vault, the Lord Chamberlain breaks his white stave of office and tosses it into the grave to symbolize the end of his period of service to the late monarch.

Palace of Westminster

WestminsterHouses of ParliamentParliament
Conveyance of the body to Westminster Hall. Having arrived in London, the coffin is transported to Westminster on a horse-drawn gun carriage, escorted by military contingents, officials, and mourners. The coffin is draped with the Royal Standard, and on it is placed the Imperial State Crown.

Royal Standard of the United Kingdom

Royal StandardBritish royal standardstandard
Conveyance of the body to Westminster Hall. Having arrived in London, the coffin is transported to Westminster on a horse-drawn gun carriage, escorted by military contingents, officials, and mourners. The coffin is draped with the Royal Standard, and on it is placed the Imperial State Crown.

Imperial State Crown

Imperial Crownimperial crowns
Conveyance of the body to Westminster Hall. Having arrived in London, the coffin is transported to Westminster on a horse-drawn gun carriage, escorted by military contingents, officials, and mourners. The coffin is draped with the Royal Standard, and on it is placed the Imperial State Crown.