States and union territories of India

Administrative divisions of India in 1951

Federal union comprising 28 states and 8 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

- States and union territories of India
Administrative divisions of India in 1951

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Map of Southern India (1953–1956) before the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 with Madras State in yellow

Madras State

Map of Southern India (1953–1956) before the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 with Madras State in yellow

Madras State was a state of India during the mid-20th century.


Lingaraja Temple built by the Somavanshi king Jajati Keshari
Hathigumpha on the Udayagiri Hills built in c. undefined
Shanti Stupa at Dhauli is the location where Kalinga War was fought in c. undefined
Mahanadi river near Cuttack
Satellite view of the Mahanadi river delta
Odisha State Secretariat building in Bhubaneswar
Map of districts of Odisha
One of the iron ore mines in Keonjhar district
Rourkela Steel Plant
Biju Patnaik Airport, Bhubaneswar
Gopalpur Port
East Coast Railway headquarters, Bhubaneswar
Tribal people of Koraput, Odisha
Gita Govinda
Bilingual signboard in English and Odia
Utkal University main gate
Chhau dance
Sharmila Biswas performing Odissi dance
Barabati Stadium in Cuttack
White tiger in the Nandankanan Zoo
Irrawaddy dolphins can be found in Chilika
Vanda tessellata, one of the orchids found in Odisha<ref name=NiyamgiriOrchids>{{cite journal|author1=P.K. Dash|author2=Santilata Sahoo|author3=Subhasisa Bal|title=Ethnobotanical Studies on Orchids of Niyamgiri Hill Ranges, Orissa, India|journal=Ethnobotanical Leaflets|year=2008 |issue=12|pages=70–78|url=|access-date=5 February 2015|archive-url=|archive-date=5 February 2015|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
Birds at Chilika Lake
Crocodile in Bhitarkanika National Park
The Rath Yatra in Jagannath Temple, Puri
Maa Tarini Temple, Ghatgaon
Gundichaghagi waterfall Keonjhar during monsoons

Odisha ( English :, ), formerly Orissa ( the official name until 2011), is an Indian state located in Eastern India.

Uttar Pradesh

A part of the Gangetic Plain
Monsoon clouds over Indirapuram
Divisions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivion by population in the world. The red area has a smaller population than Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature.
Logo of Uttar Pradesh Police, the largest police force in the world.
Sown saplings of rice in a paddy; located in the rich fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, agriculture is the largest employment generator in the state.
IT premise in Noida, which is known for infrastructure and services, as well as high-end housing complexes.
A section of Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway
Indian field hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand
Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow.
JRHU is the world's first school for the handicapped
Central Drug Research Institute, an autonomous multidisciplinary research institute
Kumbh Mela 2013 at Sangam, Allahabad
The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata
Kathak dancer performing
Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar Holi
Uttar Pradeshi thali with naan, sultani dal, raita, and shahi paneer
Paan (betel leaves) being served with silver foil
Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti
A hybrid nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) showing nectar spur, found mainly in Hardoi district
View of the Terai region
The threatened Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian found in the Ganges River

Uttar Pradesh (, 'Northern Province') is a state in northern India.

West Bengal

West Bengal (, Bengali: Poshchim Bongo,, abbr.

West Bengal (, Bengali: Poshchim Bongo,, abbr.

Coin of the King Shashanka, who created the first separate political entity in Bengal, called the Gauda Kingdom
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
Firoz Minar at Gauḍa was built during the Bengal Sultanate.
An 1880 map of Bengal
Subhas Chandra Bose, he was a leading freedom fighter of India
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.
Many areas remain flooded during the heavy rains brought by a monsoon.
Districts of West Bengal
A hut in a village in the Hooghly district
The Grand Hotel in Kolkata. Tourism, especially from Bangladesh, is an important part of West Bengal's economy.
Freshly sown saplings of rice in a paddy; in the background are stacks of jute sticks.
Satyajit Ray, a pioneer in Bengali cinema along with Ravi Sankar.
Panchchura Temple in Bishnupur, one of the older examples of the terracotta arts of India.
Jamdani Sari of Bangladesh is very popular in West Bengal.
Salt Lake Stadium / Vivekananda Yuva Bharati Krirangan, Kolkata
Netaji Indoor Stadium, Kolkata
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India.
Durgapur Expressway
An SBSTC bus in Karunamoyee
Kolkata Metro, India's first metro rail system
University of Calcutta, the oldest public university of India.
The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata.
Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU.

WB) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal.

Administrative divisions of India in 1951

List of districts in India

Administrative divisions of India in 1951

A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.


Ghateshwara Mahadeva temple at the Baroli Temple Complex. The temples were built between the 10th and 11th centuries CE by the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty.
Akbar shoots the Rajput commander Jaimal using a matchlock, during the Siege of Chittor (1567–1568).
Mount Abu.
The great Indian bustard has been classed as critically endangered species since 2011.
Reclining tiger, Ranthambore National Park
Lake Palace and Jag Mandir from a distance, Lake Pichola, Udaipur.
Modern Jodhpur skyline
Timeline of the Bhadla Solar Park (India) development, the World's largest photovoltaic power plants cluster in 2020
Wind turbines near Bada Bagh, Rajasthan.
Rajasthani food
Dal Bati Choorma, a traditional Rajasthani Dish
NIIT University in Neemrana, Rajasthan
Man in Rajasthan, India.
Rana Kumbha was the vanguard of the fifteenth century Rajput resurgence.<ref name="sen2">{{Cite book|last=Sen|first=Sailendra|title=A Textbook of Medieval Indian History|publisher=Primus Books|year=2013|isbn=978-9-38060-734-4|pages=116–117}}</ref>
The emperor Hemu, who rose from obscurity and briefly established himself as ruler in northern India, from Punjab to Bengal, in defiance of the warring Sur and Mughal Empires.
Maharana Udai Singh II founded Udaipur, which became the new capital of the Mewar kingdom after Chittor Fort was conquered by the Mughal emperor Akbar.
Maharana Pratap Singh, sixteenth-century Rajput ruler of Mewar, known for his defence of his realm against Mughal invasion.
Suraj Mal was ruler of Bharatpur, some contemporary historians described him as "the Plato of the Jat people" and by a modern writer as the "Jat Odysseus", because of his political sagacity, steady intellect and clear vision.<ref>R.C.Majumdar, H.C.Raychaudhury, Kalikaranjan Datta: An Advanced History of India, fourth edition, 1978, {{ISBN|0-333-90298-X}}, Page-535</ref>
Mount Abu is a popular hill station in Rajasthan.
The Thar Desert near Jaisalmer.
Aerial view Udaipur and Aravali hills.
Jaipur International Airport
Maharajah's Express dining saloon
The Jaipur Metro is an important urban transportation link
NH 8 between Udaipur and Ahmedabad
Camel rides in Thar desert
Pushkar Lake and Ghat
Folk dance popular in Rajasthan
Demoiselle cranes in Khichan near Bikaner
Hawa Mahal
Amber Fort has seen from the bank of Maotha Lake, Jaigarh Fort on the hills in the background
Nakki Lake, Mount Abu
Mehrangarh Fort
Dilwara Temples
Lake Palace
Kirti Stambha of Fort of Chittaur
Tiger at Ranthambore National Park
Jal Mahal, Jaipur

Rajasthan (lit. 'Land of Kings') is a state in northern India.

President of India

Head of state of the Republic of India.

Head of state of the Republic of India.

Presidential Standard of India (1950–1971)
Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the president, located in New Delhi
Rashtrapati Nilayam is the official retreat of the president located in Hyderabad.
The President's Bodyguards is an elite household cavalry regiment of the Indian Army.
A chopper of IAF's special VIP fleet meant for carrying the President of India
VIP B777 with call sign Air India One (INDIA 1) is used for international travels by the President.
Indian Air Force's BBJ 737 with call sign Air India One (INDIA 1) is used for domestic travels by the President.
Pratibha Patil

The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising both houses of the Parliament of India and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.

Travancore-Cochin in India, 1951


Travancore-Cochin in India, 1951
Travancore-Cochin postal stamp

Travancore–Cochin, or Thiru–Kochi, was a short-lived state of India (1949–1956).

The six zones of India

Union territory

Type of administrative division in the Republic of India.

Type of administrative division in the Republic of India.

The six zones of India

Unlike the states of India, which have their own governments, union territories are federal territories governed, in part or in whole, by the Union Government of India.

Himachal Pradesh

Bathu ki Ladi Temples, near Maharana Pratap Sagar in Kangra are believed to be constructed by Pandavas
Topographic map of Himachal Pradesh. Most of the state is mountainous.
Tributary of Chandra, Lahaul and Spiti, from Rohtang Pass (elev. 3,980 m, 13,058 ft)
Indian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) in Kullu
Black bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus)
High Court of Himachal Pradesh
Town Hall in Shimla
The Mall Road is the central business district of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh's capital city.
Terrace farming is the most common form of agricultural practice in the state.
Apple blossoms in Manali, Himachal Pradesh
Tea gardens in Dharamsala
Paragliding in Bir Billing.
Khirganga is one of the most popular treks in Himachal.
Gaggal Airport
Kalka-Shimla Railway
Kangra Valley Railway
NH 5 in Himachal Pradesh
A man in Kullu, wearing a traditional Himachali cap.
A village in Mandi district
Kibber Village, Spiti
Gaddi nomads
Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla
Indian Institute of Advanced Study at Shimla
IIT Mandi campus, Jan '20

Himachal Pradesh ( "Province of the Snow-laden Mountains" ) is a state in the northern part of India.