States and union territories of India

StateIndian statestatesIndian statesUnion TerritoryTerritorystate of Indiastates of Indiastates and union territoriesstate or territory
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.wikipedia
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Himachal Pradesh

HimachalHPHimachal Pradesh State
Most were merged into existing provinces; others were organised into new provinces, such as Rajputana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, and Vindhya Pradesh, made up of multiple princely states; a few, including Mysore, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Bilaspur, became separate provinces. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh.
Himachal Pradesh (literally "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India.

Vindhya Pradesh

Most were merged into existing provinces; others were organised into new provinces, such as Rajputana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, and Vindhya Pradesh, made up of multiple princely states; a few, including Mysore, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Bilaspur, became separate provinces. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh.
Vindhya Pradesh was a former state of India.

Madhya Bharat

Madhya
Most were merged into existing provinces; others were organised into new provinces, such as Rajputana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, and Vindhya Pradesh, made up of multiple princely states; a few, including Mysore, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Bilaspur, became separate provinces. The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, who was usually the ruler of a constituent state, and an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India. The Part B states were Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), Rajasthan, Saurashtra, and Travancore-Cochin.
Madhya Bharat, also known as Malwa Union, was an Indian state in west-central India, created on 28 May 1948 from twenty-five princely states which until 1947 had been part of the Central India Agency, with Jiwajirao Scindia as its Rajpramukh.

Union territory

union territoriesU.T.UT
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
Unlike the states of India, which have their own governments, union territories are federal territories ruled directly by the union government (central government), hence the name "union territory"

Uttar Pradesh

UPU.P.Uttar Pradesh State
Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central Provinces and Berar), Madras, Orissa, Punjab (formerly East Punjab), Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces), and West Bengal.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś ) is a state in northern India.

West Bengal

BengalWestWB
Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central Provinces and Berar), Madras, Orissa, Punjab (formerly East Punjab), Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces), and West Bengal.
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.

Madras State

MadrasGovernment of MadrasMadras Province
Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central Provinces and Berar), Madras, Orissa, Punjab (formerly East Punjab), Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces), and West Bengal. Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.
Madras State was a state of India during the mid-20th century.

Hyderabad State (1948–56)

Hyderabad StateHyderabadnew Hyderabad State
The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, who was usually the ruler of a constituent state, and an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India. The Part B states were Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), Rajasthan, Saurashtra, and Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara (excluding Kasaragod taluk) and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, Bijapur, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar, Raichur and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg.
Hyderabad State was a state in Independent India, formed after the accession of the princely state of Hyderabad into the Indian Union on 24 November 1949.

Patiala and East Punjab States Union

PEPSUPartition of PunjabPatiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU)
The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, who was usually the ruler of a constituent state, and an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India. The Part B states were Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), Rajasthan, Saurashtra, and Travancore-Cochin.
The Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a state of India uniting eight princely states between 1948 and 1956.

Manipur

KangleipakManipur StateManipuri
The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh.
Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.

Tripura

Penchartal, TripuraTripura StateTripuri
The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh.
Tripura is a state in Northeast India.

Federalism

federalfederalistfederal system
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
The Government of India (referred to as the Union Government) was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 29 states and 7 union territories.

President of India

PresidentPresidentialIndian President
The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, who was usually the ruler of a constituent state, and an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India. The Part B states were Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), Rajasthan, Saurashtra, and Travancore-Cochin.
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.

Bhopal State (1949–56)

BhopalBhopal State
The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh.
Bhopal was a state of India, which existed from 1949 to 1956.

List of districts in India

District640Districts
The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions. Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.

Andhra Pradesh

APAndhraAndhra Pradesh, India
Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.

States Reorganisation Act, 1956

States Reorganisation ActStates Reorganisation Act of 1956linguistic reorganisation of states
The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states.
The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories, organising them along linguistic lines.

Rajputana

RajpootanaEastern Rajputana StatesRajput States
Most were merged into existing provinces; others were organised into new provinces, such as Rajputana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, and Vindhya Pradesh, made up of multiple princely states; a few, including Mysore, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Bilaspur, became separate provinces.
Rājputāna, meaning "Land of the Rajputs", was a region in India that included mainly the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan, as well as parts of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat, and some adjoining areas of Sindh in modern-day southern Pakistan.

Madhya Pradesh

MPMadhya Pradesh StateM.P.
Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central Provinces and Berar), Madras, Orissa, Punjab (formerly East Punjab), Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces), and West Bengal.
Later, Harsha (c. 590–647) ruled the northern parts of the state.

Coimbatore district

CoimbatoreCoimbatore RuralCoimbatore,
Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara (excluding Kasaragod taluk) and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, Bijapur, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar, Raichur and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg.
Coimbatore District is a district in the Kongu Nadu region of the state of Tamil Nadu.

Karaikal

Karaikal PortKarakaulKarikal
The Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahé.
Karaikal (kāraikkāl) is a major port town of east coast of India and a municipality in Karaikal district in the Union Territory of Puducherry, India.

Telugu language

TeluguTelugu-languageTelegu
Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.
It stands alongside Hindi, English and Bengali as one of the few languages with official primary language status in more than one Indian state.

Uttara Kannada

Uttara Kannada districtNorth CanaraNorth Kanara
Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara (excluding Kasaragod taluk) and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, Bijapur, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar, Raichur and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg.
Uttara Kannada is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka.

Gujarat

Gujarat StateGujarat, IndiaGujrat
Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India, a coastline of 1600 km – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.

Maharashtra

Maharashtra StateMaharashtrianMaharashtra, India
Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act.
MH) is a state in the western region of India and is the second-most populous state and third-largest state by area in India.