States of Germany

The Kingdom of Prussia (light gray) within the German Empire (1871–1918)
The states of the Weimar Republic in 1925, with the Free State of Prussia as the largest
West Germany (blue) and East Germany (red) and West Berlin (yellow)
Composition of German states' governing coalitions
Map of German districts. Yellow districts are urban, white are sub-urban or rural.

The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated states (Land (state), plural Länder (states); commonly informally Bundesland / federated state, plural Bundesländer / federated states).

- States of Germany

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Minister-president Peter Altmeier at the Rittersturz Conference in 1948
The Peter Altmeier Monument in Koblenz

Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz,, ; ) is a western state of Germany.


The historic settlement areas in present-day Schleswig-Holstein
The Limes Saxoniae border between the Saxons and the Obotrites, established about 810 in present-day Schleswig-Holstein
Results of the 1920 plebiscites in North and Central Schleswig
A German postage stamp conmemorating the Bonn-Copenhagen Declarations
Topographic map of Schleswig-Holstein
Boundarystone to the District of Ostholstein
The current Minister-President: Daniel Günther
Schleswig-Holstein's islands, beaches, and cities are popular tourist attractions. Shown here is the Isle of Sylt.
A Holstein heifer
Shrimp cutter near Südfall
Headquarters of Dräger in Lübeck
Geest (Island Sylt)
Seestermüher Marsh
Eckernförde Bay
Wadden Sea
Schleswig-Holsteinische Schweiz
Kieler Förde
Kiel Week 2019
Wacken Open Air Festival
Kiel Week 2019
Crab toast with dill
Holsteiner Sauerfleisch
Holsteiner Katenschinken
Kieler Sprotten
Birnen, Bohnen und Speck
Grünkohl mit Pinkel
NPP Krümmel
View form Elbe: Left is NPP Krümmel, right is the Research Center
KKK - NPP Krümmel, GKSS - Research Center
Brokdorf Nuclear Power Plant
Haithabu Museum
North Sea Coast at Amrum
Red Cliff (Sylt)
Lübeck City Hall
Historic City Center of Lübeck
Baltic Sea Coast at Timmendorfer Strand
Island of Heligoland
Kappeln Herring Day
Rosa Iceberg ("World-favorite Rose", 1983) from W. Kordes' Söhne
Tree nursery in Pinneberg
Greenhouse of Rosen Tantau
Rosa Apricola ("Goldenen Rose", 2005) from W. Kordes' Söhne
Cabbage Field
Lürssen-Kröger Shipyard Rendsburg
Thyssen-Krupp Marine Systems Shipyards Kiel
Flensburg FSG Shipyard
Vossloh G 12
Vossloh DE 18
Vossloh G 2000 BB
Voith Gravita 15L BB
Voith Revita
Voith Maxima
Kiel-Canal as seen from the North-Sea
Kiel-Canal as seen from the Baltic Sea
A freighter in Transit through the Kiel Canal
Ferry Hochdonn
Pilot Station Rüsterbergen
Port of Lübeck
Port of Puttgarden
Port of Brunsbüttel
Port of Kiel
Universität zu Lübeck
Europa-University Flensburg
Christians-Albrechts-University of Kiel
University of Applied Sciences Lübeck
University of Applied Sciences Flensburg
University of Applied Sciences Kiel

Schleswig-Holstein (Slesvig-Holsten; Sleswig-Holsteen; ) is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.


A campaign sticker developed by Scholz & Friends, translated, "We can [do] anything. Except [speak] Standard German." That is an allusion to Baden-Württemberg being one of the principal centres for innovation in Germany and having its own distinctive dialects.
Sticker with slogan "Nice here. But have you been to Baden-Württemberg?" on a burnt-out car in Namibia (2017)
Stuttgart center with the Schlossplatz (Stuttgart)
Heidelberg with the Neckar river and the vast Heidelberg Schloss (upper picture part)
Freiburg with the Freiburg Minster
Ulm with the famous Ulm minster and the world`s highest church tower
Baden-Württemberg state parliament in Stuttgart
SAP headquarters in Walldorf
The Black Forest as seen from the Belchen
The University of Karlsruhe. Since 2009, it has been known as the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.

Baden-Württemberg, commonly shortened to BW or BaWü, is a German state (Land) in Southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the southern part of Germany's western border with France.


Map of the Saar Region in 1793
Districts of Saarland (towns dark-coloured, position of number in the capital)

The Saarland (, ; Sarre ) is a state of Germany in the south west of the country.

New states of Germany

The Ampelmännchen, symbol of East German culture
Tesla Gigafactory (under construction) in Grünheide, Brandenburg
Second vote share percentage for the AfD in the 2013 federal election in Germany, final results
Second vote share percentage for the AfD in the 2017 federal election in Germany, final results

The new states of Germany (die neuen Länder / die neuen Bundesländer) are the five re-established states of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) that unified with the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) with its 10 states upon German reunification on 3 October 1990.


Eisenhardt Castle in Bad Belzig
Brandenburg's victory over Swedish forces at the Battle of Fehrbellin in 1675
The Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam, the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, is today a World Heritage Site.
The Province of Brandenburg, as superimposed on modern borders
Glienicke Bridge, which connected East Germany to the American sector of West Berlin, became known for the exchange of captured spies.
The coat of arms proposed in the state contract.
The Spreewald, a biosphere reserve by UNESCO
Population density in Berlin-Brandenburg in 2015
Administrative divisions of Brandenburg
The Brandenburg parliament building (Landtag) in Potsdam
Dietmar Woidke, current Minister-President of Brandenburg
The University of Potsdam
Spreewald gherkins

Brandenburg (, also, ; Brannenborg; Bramborska ) is a state in the northeast of Germany bordering the states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony, as well as the country of Poland.


Aerial view to the city centre of Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt's capital city.
Saxony-Anhalt's most populous city, Halle (Saale), is the seat of the state's largest university.
Wittenberg was once one of the most important cities in Germany, especially for its close connection with Martin Luther.
Map of Saxony-Anhalt showing the current district boundaries.
Coat of arms of Saxony-Anhalt between 1946 and 1952
Halle is the largest city in Saxony-Anhalt.
Magdeburg with Magdeburg Cathedral
Dessau market square
Inside the old town of Wittenberg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Halberstadt with its churches
Merseburg with its castle and cathedral
Castle in Wernigerode
Collegiate church, castle, and the old town of Quedlinburg
Luther memorials in Wittenberg
Luther memorials in Eisleben
Bauhaus Dessau
Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm
Naumburg Cathedral
Aerial view of the main campus in Magdeburg

Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt ; Sassen-Anholt) is a state of Germany, bordering the states of Brandenburg, Saxony, Thuringia and Lower Saxony.


Henry the Lion (with his wife Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony) being crowned as the Duke of Saxony
The Electorate of Saxony within the Holy Roman Empire (1618)
The Kingdom of Saxony after the Congress of Vienna
Saxony before the Congress of Vienna compared to present day Saxony. Note that the modern state is slightly larger than the post-Congress kingdom.
The Free State of Saxony 1945–1952
Topographic map of Saxony
Michael Kretschmer, Minister President since 2017
Map of Saxony's 10 districts
TU Dresden is the largest university in Saxony.
Boundary sign of Bautzen / Budyšin in German and Upper Sorbian. Many place names in eastern Saxony are derived from Sorbian.
Red Bull Arena in Leipzig.
The 'Dresden Green Diamond' - the largest natural green diamond - is part of the collection of the Green Vault.
Dresden is the hub of Silicon Saxony.
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk is one of Germany's public broadcasters.
Leipzig/Halle Airport is the main hub of DHL and the fifth-busiest airport in Europe in terms of cargo traffic.
Glashütte is the birthplace of the German watchmaking industry.
VNG – Verbundnetz Gas in Leipzig is the third-largest natural-gas importer in Germany.
Porsche customer center in Leipzig
BMW production facility in Leipzig
Bombardier Transportation in Bautzen
Dresden is one of the most visited cities in Germany and Europe.
The Dresden Frauenkirche. It now serves as a symbol of reconciliation between former warring enemies.
Leipziger Neuseenland is a large lake district south of Leipzig, one of Germany's most vibrant cities.
The Bastei bridge in Saxon Switzerland
The Rakotz bridge at Azalea and Rhododendron Park Kromlau
The historical city of Görlitz
The Elbe valley with Meissen in the background
Saxony is home to numerous castles, such as Schloss Moritzburg north of Dresden.
Oberwiesenthal, Ore Mountains

Saxony (Sachsen ; Upper Saxon: Saggsn; ), officially the Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen ; Upper Saxon: Freischdaad Saggsn; ), is a landlocked state of Germany, bordering the states of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland and the Czech Republic.


Coat of arms of the landgraves of Thuringia (1265)
Map of the Thuringian States in 1890
Meuselbach-Schwarzmühle at the Thuringian Highland
Thuringian Forest in winter
Großer Inselsberg
Districts of Thuringia
The Jen Tower is a symbol of East Germany's economy. According to the 2019 study by Forschungsinstitut Prognos, Jena is one of the most dynamic regions in Germany. It ranks at number 29 of all 401 German regions.
Opel Eisenach manufacturing
TEAG Thüringer Energie AG in Erfurt, the largest electric utility company in Thuringia
Bundesautobahn 4 near Jena
Erfurt Central Station is an important junction on the German rail network.
Erfurt Stadtbahn at Anger (city centre)
Friedrich Schiller University Jena is the largest university in Thuringia and one of the best in Germany.
EKD Protestant membership in 2011 (municipalities)
Catholic membership in 2011 (municipalities)
Goethe–Schiller Monument in Weimar
Thuringian Forest
Erfurt skyline
Krämerbrücke in Erfurt
Oldtown of Mühlhausen
Friedenstein Palace, Gotha
Johann Sebastian Bach
Franz Liszt
Richard Wagner
Chamber of Martin Luther at Wartburg castle
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Friedrich Schiller
Ernst Haeckel
Max Weber
Carl Zeiss
Otto Schott

Thuringia (Thüringen ), officially the Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen ), is a state of Germany.

South Baden

Subdivision of the French occupation zone of post-World War II Germany.

Location of Baden (bright blue) within the French-administered zone of post-war Germany (pale blue).
The three states that merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952
Location of Baden (bright blue) within the French-administered zone of post-war Germany (pale blue).

The state was later renamed to Baden and became a founding state of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany, today simply Germany) in 1949.