Statistical graphics

graphical techniquegraphicalgraphical techniquesGraphsstatistical graphicgraphical methods of statistics
Statistical graphics, also known as graphical techniques, are graphics in the field of statistics used to visualize quantitative data.wikipedia
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Plot (graphics)

plotdata plotplots
They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.
A plot is a graphical technique for representing a data set, usually as a graph showing the relationship between two or more variables.

Probability plot

They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.
In statistics, a probability plot is a graphical technique for comparing two data sets, either two sets of empirical observations, one empirical set against a theoretical set, or (more rarely) two theoretical sets against each other.

Exploratory data analysis

explorative data analysisexploratorydata analysis
Exploratory data analysis (EDA) relies heavily on such techniques.
Typical graphical techniques used in EDA are:

William Playfair

PlayfairPlayfair, WilliamWilliam
William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports,
The founder of graphical methods of statistics, Playfair invented several types of diagrams: in 1786 the line, area and bar chart of economic data, and in 1801 the pie chart and circle graph, used to show part-whole relations.

Pie chart

piepolar area diagramsunburst chart
William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports,
A pie chart (or a circle chart) is a circular statistical graphic, which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion.

Data visualization

visualizationdata visualisationdata visualizations
Data Presentation Architecture
To communicate information clearly and efficiently, data visualization uses statistical graphics, plots, information graphics and other tools.

Florence Nightingale

NightingaleFlorenceNightingale, Florence
Florence Nightingale, who used statistical graphics to persuade the British Government to improve army hygiene,
Later, Nightingale became a pioneer in the visual presentation of information and statistical graphics.

Visual inspection

eyeball searchVisualvisual testing
Visual inspection
Statistical graphics

Statistics

statisticalstatistical analysisstatistician
Statistical graphics, also known as graphical techniques, are graphics in the field of statistics used to visualize quantitative data. Whereas statistics and data analysis procedures generally yield their output in numeric or tabular form, graphical techniques allow such results to be displayed in some sort of pictorial form.

Data

Statistical graphics, also known as graphical techniques, are graphics in the field of statistics used to visualize quantitative data.

Data analysis

data analyticsanalysisdata analyst
Whereas statistics and data analysis procedures generally yield their output in numeric or tabular form, graphical techniques allow such results to be displayed in some sort of pictorial form.

Scatter plot

scatterplotscatter plotsscatter diagram
They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

Histogram

histogramsbin sizebin
They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

Spaghetti plot

spaghetti diagrams
They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

Box plot

They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

Biplot

bi-plot
They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

Model selection

selectingchoose a modelcomparing statistical models
They can also provide insight into a data set to help with testing assumptions, model selection and regression model validation, estimator selection, relationship identification, factor effect determination, and outlier detection.

Regression validation

model validationregression model validationvalidation calculations
They can also provide insight into a data set to help with testing assumptions, model selection and regression model validation, estimator selection, relationship identification, factor effect determination, and outlier detection.

Outlier

outliersconservative estimateirregularities
They can also provide insight into a data set to help with testing assumptions, model selection and regression model validation, estimator selection, relationship identification, factor effect determination, and outlier detection.

Bivariate map

bivariate plots
Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

Choropleth map

choroplethstatistical maps
Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

Bar chart

bar graphgraphicalgraphical timeline
William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports, Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

Graph paper

coordinate papergrid linegrid lines
Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

Computer graphics

graphicsCGcomputer-generated
Since the 1970s statistical graphics have been re-emerging as an important analytic tool with the revitalisation of computer graphics and related technologies.

Line chart

lineline graphCentralograph
William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports,