# Statistical graphics

**graphical techniquegraphicalgraphical techniquesGraphsstatistical graphicgraphical methods of statistics**

Statistical graphics, also known as graphical techniques, are graphics in the field of statistics used to visualize quantitative data.wikipedia

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### Plot (graphics)

**plotdata plotplots**

They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

A plot is a graphical technique for representing a data set, usually as a graph showing the relationship between two or more variables.

### Probability plot

They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

In statistics, a probability plot is a graphical technique for comparing two data sets, either two sets of empirical observations, one empirical set against a theoretical set, or (more rarely) two theoretical sets against each other.

### Exploratory data analysis

**explorative data analysisexploratorydata analysis**

Exploratory data analysis (EDA) relies heavily on such techniques.

Typical graphical techniques used in EDA are:

### William Playfair

**PlayfairPlayfair, WilliamWilliam**

William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports,

The founder of graphical methods of statistics, Playfair invented several types of diagrams: in 1786 the line, area and bar chart of economic data, and in 1801 the pie chart and circle graph, used to show part-whole relations.

### Pie chart

**piepolar area diagramsunburst chart**

William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports,

A pie chart (or a circle chart) is a circular statistical graphic, which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion.

### Data visualization

**visualizationdata visualisationdata visualizations**

Data Presentation Architecture

To communicate information clearly and efficiently, data visualization uses statistical graphics, plots, information graphics and other tools.

### Florence Nightingale

**NightingaleFlorenceNightingale, Florence**

Florence Nightingale, who used statistical graphics to persuade the British Government to improve army hygiene,

Later, Nightingale became a pioneer in the visual presentation of information and statistical graphics.

### Visual inspection

**eyeball searchVisualvisual testing**

Visual inspection

Statistical graphics

### Statistics

**statisticalstatistical analysisstatistician**

Statistical graphics, also known as graphical techniques, are graphics in the field of statistics used to visualize quantitative data. Whereas statistics and data analysis procedures generally yield their output in numeric or tabular form, graphical techniques allow such results to be displayed in some sort of pictorial form.

### Data

**statistical datascientific datadatum**

Statistical graphics, also known as graphical techniques, are graphics in the field of statistics used to visualize quantitative data.

### Data analysis

**data analyticsanalysisdata analyst**

Whereas statistics and data analysis procedures generally yield their output in numeric or tabular form, graphical techniques allow such results to be displayed in some sort of pictorial form.

### Scatter plot

**scatterplotscatter plotsscatter diagram**

They include plots such as scatter plots, histograms, probability plots, spaghetti plots, residual plots, box plots, block plots and biplots.

### Histogram

**histogramsbin sizebin**

### Spaghetti plot

**spaghetti diagrams**

### Box plot

**boxplotbox and whisker plotadjusted boxplots**

### Biplot

**bi-plot**

### Model selection

**selectingchoose a modelcomparing statistical models**

They can also provide insight into a data set to help with testing assumptions, model selection and regression model validation, estimator selection, relationship identification, factor effect determination, and outlier detection.

### Regression validation

**model validationregression model validationvalidation calculations**

They can also provide insight into a data set to help with testing assumptions, model selection and regression model validation, estimator selection, relationship identification, factor effect determination, and outlier detection.

### Outlier

**outliersconservative estimateirregularities**

They can also provide insight into a data set to help with testing assumptions, model selection and regression model validation, estimator selection, relationship identification, factor effect determination, and outlier detection.

### Bivariate map

**bivariate plots**

Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

### Choropleth map

**choroplethstatistical maps**

Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

### Bar chart

**bar graphgraphicalgraphical timeline**

William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports, Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

### Graph paper

**coordinate papergrid linegrid lines**

Many familiar forms, including bivariate plots, statistical maps, bar charts, and coordinate paper were used in the 18th century.

### Computer graphics

**graphicsCGcomputer-generated**

Since the 1970s statistical graphics have been re-emerging as an important analytic tool with the revitalisation of computer graphics and related technologies.

### Line chart

**lineline graphCentralograph**

William Playfair who produced what could be called the first line, bar, pie, and area charts. For example, in 1786 he published the well known diagram that depicts the evolution of England's imports and exports,