Steve Cropper

Cropper performing in 2008
Steve Cropper in concert, 1990
Steve Cropper at the Hamar Music Festival, 2007
Cropper toured Australia with Guy Sebastian, playing on Sebastian's The Memphis Album tour in March 2008

American guitarist, songwriter and record producer.

- Steve Cropper

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Stax Records

American record company, originally based in Memphis, Tennessee.

The "Stax-o-Wax" logo used during the Atlantic distribution years
Hip Hug-Her, by Booker T. & the MG's (1967), showing the two different Atlantic-era Stax logos
The Stax Museum on McLemore Avenue in Memphis, founded in 2003, is a replica of the Stax studio, built on the same site where many of the historic Stax recording sessions took place. The original Stax studio was demolished in 1989.
Tennessee Historical Commission marker at the original site of Stax Records, now the site of the Stax campus.

Mar-Keys member Steve Cropper replaced Moman as Stewart's assistant and A&R director.

Donald "Duck" Dunn

American bass guitarist, session musician, record producer, and songwriter.

Dunn in 2007
Dunn (left), Guy Sebastian (center) and Steve Cropper (right) on tour in Australia with the Memphis Tour

Dunn grew up playing sports and riding his bike with another future professional musician, Steve Cropper.

Al Jackson Jr.

American drummer, producer, and songwriter.

Hand drummers in Berkeley, California, about 1966

Future bandmates Steve Cropper and Donald "Duck" Dunn first heard Jackson playing in Mitchell's band at the Flamingo Room, and the all-white Manhattan Club.

Sam & Dave

American soul and R&B duo who performed together from 1961 until 1981.

Sam & Dave in 1967
Sam & Dave in 1966

When Sam & Dave arrived at Stax, they worked with producer & engineer Jim Stewart and songwriters including the MGs' guitarist Steve Cropper, who wrote or co-wrote four of their first eight recordings.

Booker T. Jones

American musician, songwriter, record producer and arranger, best known as the frontman of the band Booker T. & the M.G.'s.

Jones in 2009
Booker T. Jones's childhood home on Edith Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee
Booker T. playing organ at the Petaluma Wine, Jazz and Blues Festival, August 2009

While hanging around the Satellite Record Shop run by Estelle Axton, co-owner of Satellite Records with her brother Jim Stewart, Jones met record clerk Steve Cropper, who would become one of the MGs when the group formed in 1962.

John Belushi

American comedian, actor, and musician, best known for being one of the seven original cast members of the NBC sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live (SNL).

Belushi in 1976
Belushi as a senior at Wheaton Central High School (1967)
Belushi on a 2008 stamp of Albania
Belushi's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

He also pursued interests in music, creating with Aykroyd, Lou Marini, Tom Malone, Steve Cropper, Donald "Duck" Dunn, Paul Shaffer, and The Blues Brothers, which led to the successful film of the same name.

(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay

An early US vinyl pressing
7" single cover
7" single cover

"(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay" is a song co-written by soul singer Otis Redding and guitarist Steve Cropper.

The Blues Brothers

American blues and soul revivalist band founded in 1978 by comedians Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi as part of a musical sketch on Saturday Night Live.

The Blues Brothers featured on the National Reconnaissance Office launch number 7 (NROL-7) mission patch

At Shaffer's suggestion, guitarist Steve Cropper and bassist Donald "Duck" Dunn, the powerhouse combo from Booker T. & the M.G.'s and subsequently almost every hit out of Memphis' Stax Records during the 1960s, were signed as well.

Eddie Floyd

American soul-R&B singer and songwriter, best known for his work on the Stax record label in the 1960s and 1970s including the No. 1 R&B hit song "Knock on Wood".

Eddie Floyd in 2000

He then teamed with Stax's guitarist Steve Cropper to write songs for Wilson Pickett, now signed to Atlantic Records.

Wilson Pickett

American singer and songwriter.

Pickett in 1969
Wilson Pickett with Pino Presti during the European tour in 1970
Everybody Needs Somebody to Love

The genesis of "In the Midnight Hour" was a recording session on May 12, 1965, at which Wexler worked out a powerful rhythm track with studio musicians Steve Cropper and Al Jackson of the Stax Records house band, including bassist Donald "Duck" Dunn.