A report on Stimulant

Ritalin: 20 mg sustained-release (SR) tablets
A chart comparing the chemical structures of different amphetamine derivatives
Roasted coffee beans, a common source of caffeine.
Tablets containing MDMA
Lines of illicit cocaine, used as a recreational stimulant
Catha edulis

Overarching term that covers many drugs including those that increase activity of the central nervous system and the body, drugs that are pleasurable and invigorating, or drugs that have sympathomimetic effects.

- Stimulant
Ritalin: 20 mg sustained-release (SR) tablets

76 related topics with Alpha

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Various brands of energy drinks

Energy drink

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Various brands of energy drinks
A health warning on a can of the Austrian Power Horse energy drink
Lucozade (left) sold in Hong Kong. Created by pharmacist William Walker Hunter in the UK in 1927 it was initially marketed as an energy drink for the sick
A Nutrition facts label for an energy drink.
Assortment of energy drinks displayed in a store in Bangkok
A Red Bull distribution truck

An energy drink is a type of drink containing stimulant compounds, usually caffeine, which is marketed as providing mental and physical stimulation (marketed as "energy", but distinct from food energy).

Longjing green tea being infused in a gaiwan

Tea

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Aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured or fresh leaves of Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub native to China, India and other East Asian countries.

Aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured or fresh leaves of Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub native to China, India and other East Asian countries.

Longjing green tea being infused in a gaiwan
Tea plant (Camellia sinensis) from Köhler's Medicinal Plants, 1897
Tea plant
Wuyi tea plantation in Wuyi Mountains, Fujian, China
A 19th-century Japanese painting depicting Shennong: Chinese legends credit Shennong with the invention of tea.
Tea with ingredients, China
Tea-weighing station north of Batumi, Russian Empire before 1915
The Raymond, Hugh Mckay Commander. The first vessel direct from China to Hull on her arrival on 14 October 1843 with a cargo of tea.
Tea plantation workers in Sri Lanka
Women tea pickers in Kenya
Tea plantation near Sa Pa, Vietnam
Fresh tea leaves in various stages of growth
Teas of different levels of oxidation (L to R): green, yellow, oolong, and black
Common processing methods of tea leaves
Black tea is often taken with milk.
A set of Chinese teaware tools
Brewed tea in aroma cups
A young Bengali boy drinking tea with cake
Indian tea
Tea factory in Taiwan
Tea bags
A blend of loose-leaf black teas
Turkish tea served in a typical small glass and corresponding plate
Masala chai from India with biscuits
thumb|English teaware
thumb|A cup of milk tea in Kolkata
upright=0.8|thumb|Iced tea with a slice of lemon
thumb|Indian Masala tea
South Indian woman preparing a cup of morning tea in the traditional South Indian way
"Longjing", a Green tea
Da hong pao, an oolong tea or Wuyi tea
Fuding Bai Hao Yinzhen, a white tea
Sheng (raw) pu-erh tuo cha, a type of compressed aged raw pu-erh
Huoshan Huangya, a yellow tea
Loose dried tea leaves
Taiwanese High-mountain oolong
A spicy Thai salad made with young, fresh tea leaves
Milk tea
Tea

Tea has a stimulating effect in humans primarily due to its caffeine content.

Cathinone

Substituted cathinone

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Cathinone
General chemical structure of substituted cathinones, with R1-R4 defined in text
General chemical structure of substituted naphyrones, with R1-R3 defined in text

Substituted cathinones, which include some stimulants and entactogens, are derivatives of cathinone.

A depressive man standing by a country pond in the pouring rain

Mood disorder

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Affective disorder, is any of a group of conditions of mental and behavioral disorder where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.

Affective disorder, is any of a group of conditions of mental and behavioral disorder where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.

A depressive man standing by a country pond in the pouring rain

For example, stimulants such as amphetamine, methamphetamine, and cocaine can cause manic, hypomanic, mixed, and depressive episodes.

Monoamine reuptake inhibitor

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Drug that acts as a reuptake inhibitor of one or more of the three major monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine by blocking the action of one or more of the respective monoamine transporters (MATs), which include the serotonin transporter (SERT), norepinephrine transporter (NET), and dopamine transporter (DAT).

Drug that acts as a reuptake inhibitor of one or more of the three major monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine by blocking the action of one or more of the respective monoamine transporters (MATs), which include the serotonin transporter (SERT), norepinephrine transporter (NET), and dopamine transporter (DAT).

Many psychostimulants used either in the treatment of ADHD or as appetite suppressants in the treatment of obesity also behave as MRIs, although notably amphetamine (and methamphetamine), which do act to some extent as monoamine reuptake inhibitors, exerts their effects primarily as releasing agents.

Khat

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Flowering plant native to eastern and southern Africa.

Flowering plant native to eastern and southern Africa.

Khat leaves
Qat tree, Yemen
Khat cultivation in western Yemen near At Tawilah
Addiction experts in psychiatry, chemistry, pharmacology, forensic science, epidemiology, and the police and legal services engaged in delphic analysis regarding 20 popular recreational drugs. Khat was ranked 17th in dependence, 20th in physical harm, and 20th in social harm.
Cathinone structure
Man in Mogadishu dividing khat into bunches for guests in preparation for a long evening of tea, conversation and chewing
Man chewing khat in Sana'a, Yemen (January 2009)
Harari men consuming khat in the street of Harar, Ethiopia
Khat market in Ethiopia
Bundles of khat, seized by the DEA in July 2006

Khat contains the alkaloid cathinone, a stimulant, which is said to cause excitement, loss of appetite, and euphoria.

Mental energy

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Mental energy may be understood as the ability or willingness to engage in cognitive work.

Mental energy may be understood as the ability or willingness to engage in cognitive work.

Drugs that may increase mental energy include caffeine, modafinil, and psychostimulants like amphetamines and methylphenidate.

Bag and contents of a well-known early brand of synthetic cannabinoids named Spice that contains herbs covered with synthetic cannabinoids, now illegal throughout much of the world

Synthetic cannabinoids

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Synthetic cannabinoids are a class of designer drug molecules that bind to the same receptors to which cannabinoids (THC, CBD and many others) in cannabis plants attach.

Synthetic cannabinoids are a class of designer drug molecules that bind to the same receptors to which cannabinoids (THC, CBD and many others) in cannabis plants attach.

Bag and contents of a well-known early brand of synthetic cannabinoids named Spice that contains herbs covered with synthetic cannabinoids, now illegal throughout much of the world
Dried flower buds sold as cannabis on the street may be laced.
A store selling synthetic cannabinoids in Riga in 2012

Other non-cannabinoid ingredients that have been found in synthetic cannabinoid blends include harmine and harmaline, reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitors, which have been found with myristicin and asarone; substituted cathinone derived stimulant drugs such as 4-methylbuphedrone and 4'-methyl-alpha-PPP; and psychedelic tryptamine derivatives such as 4-OH-DET.

A tin containing drugs and drug paraphernalia

Substance abuse

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Use of a drug in amounts or by methods which are harmful to the individual or others.

Use of a drug in amounts or by methods which are harmful to the individual or others.

A tin containing drugs and drug paraphernalia
A person sniffing an inhalant
A drug user receiving an injection of the opiate heroin
A 2010 study ranking various illegal and legal drugs based on statements by drug-harm experts. Alcohol was found to be the overall most dangerous drug.
1991 Indian postage stamp bearing the slogan – Beware of drugs
Drug use is higher in countries with high economic inequality
Total recorded alcohol per capita consumption (15+), in litres of pure alcohol<ref>Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004</ref>
Total yearly U.S. drug deaths.<ref name=NIDA-deaths>Overdose Death Rates. By National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).</ref>
US yearly overdose deaths, and the drugs involved.<ref name=NIDA-deaths/>
Disability-adjusted life year for drug use disorders per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004.
no data
<40
40–80
80–120
120–160
160–200
200–240
240–280
280–320
320–360
360–400
400–440
>440

Drug misuse is a term used commonly when prescription medication with sedative, anxiolytic, analgesic, or stimulant properties are used for mood alteration or intoxication ignoring the fact that overdose of such medicines can sometimes have serious adverse effects.

Simplified structure of the norepinephrine transporter protein.

Norepinephrine transporter

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Protein that in humans is encoded by the solute carrier family 6 member 2 (SLC6A2) gene.

Protein that in humans is encoded by the solute carrier family 6 member 2 (SLC6A2) gene.

Simplified structure of the norepinephrine transporter protein.
Norepinephrine structure
Amineptine, an NDRI tricyclic antidepressant
Fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
Atomoxetine, an NET inhibitor marketed as Strattera
The chemical structure of MDMA or "ecstasy"
Chemical structure of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), a metabolite of NE. Abnormally high levels of MHPG are also indicative of impaired NE regulation.

Cocaine is a powerful psychostimulant and known to be one of the most widely used substances recreationally.