Stock exchange

stock exchangesexchangeboursesecurities exchangeexchangessecurities exchangesstockCapital raisingexchange-listedlisting requirements
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.wikipedia
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Stock

equitiesequityshares
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
Stock can be bought and sold privately or on stock exchanges, and such transactions are typically heavily regulated by governments to prevent fraud, protect investors, and benefit the larger economy.

Open outcry

trading floorfloor tradingopen-outcry
Stock exchanges often function as "continuous auction" markets with buyers and sellers consummating transactions at a central location such as the floor of the exchange.
Open outcry is the name of a method of communication between professionals on a stock exchange or futures exchange typically on a trading floor.

Public company

Publicpublicly tradedpublicly traded company
Securities traded on a stock exchange include stock issued by listed companies, unit trusts, derivatives, pooled investment products and bonds.
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public limited company is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.

Electronic communication network

ECNECNselectronic networks
Usually, there is a central location at least for record keeping, but trade is increasingly less linked to a physical place, as modern markets use electronic networks, which give them advantages of increased speed and reduced cost of transactions.
An electronic communication network (ECN) is a type of computerized forum or network that facilitates the trading of financial products outside traditional stock exchanges.

Stockbroker

stock brokerstockbrokersstockbroking
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
A stockbroker or share broker is a regulated professional individual, usually associated with a brokerage firm or broker-dealer, who buys and sells stocks and other securities for both retail and institutional clients through a stock exchange or over the counter in return for a fee or commission.

Stock market

equity marketstock marketsstock
Supply and demand in stock markets are driven by various factors that, as in all free markets, affect the price of stocks (see stock valuation). A takeover bid or a merger agreement through the stock market is one of the simplest and most common ways for a company to grow by acquisition or fusion.
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange, as well as stock that is only traded privately.

Frankfurt Stock Exchange

FrankfurtFWBBourse
One of Europe's oldest stock exchanges is the Frankfurt Stock Exchange (Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse) established in 1585 in Frankfurt am Main.
The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (Die Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse - FWB) is the world's 10th largest stock exchange by market capitalization.

Electronic trading

screen-based tradingeTradinge-trading
Many stock exchanges today use electronic trading, in place of the traditional floor trading.
For many years stock exchanges were physical locations where buyers and sellers met and negotiated.

Frankfurt

Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt, GermanyFrankfort
One of Europe's oldest stock exchanges is the Frankfurt Stock Exchange (Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse) established in 1585 in Frankfurt am Main.
The Frankfurt Stock Exchange is one of the world's largest stock exchanges by market capitalization and accounts for more than 90 percent of the turnover in the German market.

London Stock Exchange

LSELondonStock Exchange
Those lists mark the beginning of the London Stock Exchange.
London Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located in the City of London, England.

Alternative trading system

ATS
In recent years, various other trading venues, such as electronic communication networks, alternative trading systems and "dark pools" have taken much of the trading activity away from traditional stock exchanges.
An ATS must be approved by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and is an alternative to a traditional stock exchange.

Dutch East India Company

VOCDutchDutch VOC
Some see the key event as the Dutch East India Company's founding in 1602, while others point to earlier developments.
In the early 1600s, the VOC became the world's first formally listed public company because it was the first corporation to be ever actually listed on a formal stock exchange.

Joseph de la Vega

Joseph de la '''VegaDe la Vega, Joseph Penso
Joseph de la Vega, also known as Joseph Penso de la Vega and by other variations of his name, was an Amsterdam trader from a Spanish Jewish family and a prolific writer as well as a successful businessman in 17th-century Amsterdam.
He became famous for his masterpiece Confusion of Confusions, the oldest book ever written on the stock exchange business.

Security (finance)

securitiessecuritydebt securities
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
Securities are often listed in a stock exchange, an organized and officially recognized market on which securities can be bought and sold.

Secondary market

after-marketaftermarketsecondary trading
Initial public offerings of stocks and bonds to investors is done in the primary market and subsequent trading is done in the secondary market.
It is therefore important that the secondary market be highly liquid (originally, the only way to create this liquidity was for investors and speculators to meet at a fixed place regularly; this is how stock exchanges originated, see History of the Stock Exchange).

Exchange (organized market)

exchangeexchangestrading venue
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
Stock exchange or securities exchange

Takeover

hostile takeoveracquisitionAcquired
A takeover bid or a merger agreement through the stock market is one of the simplest and most common ways for a company to grow by acquisition or fusion.
In business, a takeover is the purchase of one company (the target) by another (the acquirer, or bidder). In the UK, the term refers to the acquisition of a public company whose shares are listed on a stock exchange, in contrast to the acquisition of a private company.

Euronext Growth

Anyway, every year a number of companies, including unknown highly speculative and financially unpredictable hi-tech startups, are listed for the first time in all the major stock exchanges – there are even specialized entry markets for these kind of companies or stock indexes tracking their performance (examples include the Alternext, CAC Small, SDAX, TecDAX, or most of the third market good companies).
Euronext Growth is an equity trading market that was opened May 17, 2005 by its parent institution Euronext to address an opportunity posed by small to medium-sized firms that were anticipated to desire easier access to an equity market.

Third market

third-market
Anyway, every year a number of companies, including unknown highly speculative and financially unpredictable hi-tech startups, are listed for the first time in all the major stock exchanges – there are even specialized entry markets for these kind of companies or stock indexes tracking their performance (examples include the Alternext, CAC Small, SDAX, TecDAX, or most of the third market good companies).
Third market in finance, refers to the trading of exchange-listed securities in the over-the-counter (OTC) market.

Free market

free-marketfree enterprisefree markets
Supply and demand in stock markets are driven by various factors that, as in all free markets, affect the price of stocks (see stock valuation).
Typically, a modern free market economy would include other features, such as a stock exchange and a financial services sector, but they do not define it.

Stock trader

stock tradingequity investmentstock investor
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
Such equity trading in large publicly traded companies may be through one of the major stock exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange or the London Stock Exchange, which serve as managed auctions for stock trades.

Mergers and acquisitions

mergermergedM&A
A takeover bid or a merger agreement through the stock market is one of the simplest and most common ways for a company to grow by acquisition or fusion.
Acquisitions are divided into "private" and "public" acquisitions, depending on whether the acquiree or merging company (also termed a target) is or is not listed on a public stock market.

Primary market

bring a security issue to the marketoriginal issuesprimary
Initial public offerings of stocks and bonds to investors is done in the primary market and subsequent trading is done in the secondary market.
Once issued, the securities typically trade on a secondary market such as a stock exchange, bond market or derivatives exchange.

Bank

bankerbankingbanking system
Besides the borrowing capacity provided to an individual or firm by the banking system, in the form of credit or a loan, there are four common forms of capital raising used by companies and entrepreneurs.
Capital raising (equity / debt / hybrids)

New York Stock Exchange

NYSENew YorkNew York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
New York Stock Exchange: the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) requires a company to have issued at least a million shares of stock worth $100 million and must have earned more than $10 million over the last three years.
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE, nicknamed "The Big Board") is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.