Strait of Hormuz

Satellite image
The Strait of Hormuz separates Iran to the north and the Musandam Governorate of Oman and the United Arab Emirates to the south.
The Strait of Hormuz as seen from an airliner at 35,000 feet. Musandam is in the foreground.
Map of Strait of Hormuz with maritime political boundaries (2004)
1606 map of the Ottoman Empire
Oil trade through the strait by origin and destination, 2014–2018
The guided-missile destroyer USS Porter (DDG-78) transits the Strait of Hormuz in May 2012. Porter is deployed to the U.S. 5th Fleet
U.S. Navy convoy in the Strait of Hormuz on 21 July 2016
Map of the Habshan–Fujairah oil pipeline and the East-West Crude Oil Pipeline

Strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

- Strait of Hormuz

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Country in Western Asia.

Late Iron Age sites in Oman.
The Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn in Ad Dhahirah were built in the 3rd Millennium BCE, are UNESCO World Heritage.
Ruins of Khor Rori, built between 100 BCE & 100 CE.
Bahla Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage site, was built between 12th and 15th c. by the Nabhani dynasty.
The Portuguese Empire ruled Oman for 143 years (1507–1650).
Portuguese presence in the 16th and 18th century in the Persian Gulf.
Following the expulsion of the Portuguese Empire, Oman became one of the powers in the western Indian Ocean from 1698 onwards.
The Sultan's Palace in Zanzibar, which was once Oman's capital and residence of its sultans
The split between the interior region (orange) and the coastal region (red) of Oman and Muscat.
Sultan Said bin Taimur ruled from 1932 to 1970.
Nizwa Fort attacked by British Royal Air Force strike aircraft during Jebel Akhdar War.
Sultan Qaboos bin Said ruled from 1970 until his death in 2020.
Wadi Shab
An oasis in Oman
The coast of Sur, Oman
Nakhal palm tree farms in Oman's Batina Region
The Arabian humpback whales off Dhofar
Osprey in Yiti Beach, Oman
The Sultan's Al Alam Palace in Old Muscat
Sultan Haitham bin Tariq with US secretary of state Mike Pompeo, February 2020.
Royal Navy of Oman Khareef-class corvette, Al-Shamikh
Mohammed Alfazari, an exiled Omani writer and journalist now living in the UK, is an author whose books are banned in Oman. He is also the founder and EIC of Muwatin.
Governorates of Oman
A proportional representation of Oman exports, 2019
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Oman
Muscat Securities Market
Petrochemical tanks in Sohar
Al-Bustan Palace Hotel
Wahiba Sands
Arabic and English road sign in Oman
The traditional Dhow, an enduring symbol of Oman
A khanjar, the traditional dagger of Oman (c. 1924)
Cinema in Sur
Ancient irrigation system and water channels. Aflaj Gallery, The National Museum of Oman.
Traditional Omani food
Oman hosted and won the 19th Arabian Gulf Cup.
2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifiers Round 3 match between Oman and Japan at the Royal Oman Police Stadium on 7 June 2008 in Muscat, Oman
A mosque in Muscat, Oman
Mutrah Fort, Muscat, Oman
Al Ameen Mosque, Muscat, Oman
Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Muscat, Oman
Sultan's Ship, Mutrah, Muscat, Oman
Al Amarat Hills, Muscat, Oman
Al Azaiba Beach, Muscat, Oman
Library of Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Muscat, Oman

The Madha and Musandam exclaves are surrounded by the United Arab Emirates on their land borders, with the Strait of Hormuz (which it shares with Iran) and the Gulf of Oman forming Musandam's coastal boundaries.


Landform connecting two seas or two other large areas of water.

Palosaari Strait (Brändö sund) in Vaasa, Finland

Straits used for international navigation through the territorial sea between one part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone and another part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone are subject to the legal regime of transit passage (Strait of Gibraltar, Dover Strait, Strait of Hormuz).


Located in the eastern side of the Persian Gulf and extending as far as Bahrain in the west at its zenith.

Ormus Costumes (1670).
Bibi Maryam mausoleum
Portuguese Castle (Hormuz)
The Portuguese fortress of Hormuz
Portuguese household in Hormuz. Houses were purposely flooded because of the heat. Depicted in the Códice Casanatense

This port was originally located on the southern coast of Iran to the east of the Strait of Hormuz, near the modern city of Minab, and was later relocated to the Island of Jarun which came to be known as Hormuz Island, which is located near the modern city of Bandar-e Abbas.

Gulf of Oman

Satellite view of Iran, Pakistan and the Gulf of Oman.
Khor Fakkan, a city in the Emirate of Sharjah, has one of the major container ports in the eastern seaboard of the United Arab Emirates.
U.S. Navy, French Navy, and Italian Navy aircraft carriers conduct operations in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility in the Gulf of Oman.
The western part of the Indian Ocean, by Vincenzo Maria Coronelli, 1693 from his system of global gores the Makran coast
Paths that Alexander the Great took

The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (خليج عمان khalīj ʿumān; daryâ-ye omân), also known as Gulf of Makran or Sea of Makran (خلیج مکران khalīj makrān; daryâ-ye makrān), is a gulf that connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then runs to the Persian Gulf.

Musandam Governorate

Governorate of Oman.

Dhow along the coast of Khasab

With the exception of the exclave of Madha, it is located on the Musandam Peninsula, which juts into the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow entry into the Persian Gulf, from the Arabian Peninsula.

Persian Gulf

Mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

Persian Gulf from space
Map of the Persian Gulf. The Gulf of Oman leads to the Arabian Sea. Detail from [[:File:MiddleEast.png|larger map of the Middle East]].
A historical map of the Persian Gulf in a Dubai museum with the word Persian removed
Picture depicting extent of early civilizations around the Persian Gulf, including Lackhmids and Sassanids.
Picture depicting the Achaemenid Persian empire in relation to the Persian Gulf.
A painting depicting the British Expeditionary Force off the coast of Ras Al Khaimah in 1809.
The Portuguese Castle on Hormuz Island (Gaspar Correia. "Lendas da Índia", c. 1556)
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort in October 1987
Oil and gas pipelines and fields
Khasab, Musandam, Oman
Dubai, UAE
Abu Dhabi, UAE
Doha, Qatar
Manama, Bahrain
Khobar, Saudi Arabia
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Al-Faw, Iraq
Bandar Abbas, Iran
Dugong mother and her offspring in shallow water
Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins off the southern shore of Iran, around Hengam Island
Spinner dolphins leaping in the Persian gulf
Critically endangered Arabian humpback whales (being the most isolated, and the only resident population in the world) off Dhofar, Oman
Palm and sunset in Minoo Island

It is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz.

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

Branch of the Iranian Armed Forces, founded after the Iranian Revolution on 22 April 1979 by order of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

Seal of IRGC
IRGC's naval special forces, S.N.S.F.
IRGC tank in 2012 military parade in Tehran
Qiam (left) and Sejjil 2 (right) ballistic missiles in a 2012 exhibition
One of the various types of fast attack craft used by the IRGC

These include the control of smuggling, control of the Strait of Hormuz, and resistance operations.

Kharg Island

Continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran.

, the Khark oil terminal handled about 98% of Iran's crude exports (1967 photo).
Kharg beach in 1970

The island is located 25 km off the coast of Iran and 483 km northwest of the Strait of Hormuz.

Choke point

Geographical feature on land such as a valley, defile or bridge, or maritime passage through a critical waterway such as a strait, which an armed force is forced to pass through in order to reach its objective, sometimes on a substantially narrowed front and therefore greatly decreasing its combat effectiveness by making it harder to bring superior numbers to bear.

The Strait of Gibraltar is an important naval choke point, as entry to the Mediterranean Sea can be blocked there by a small number of vessels.
The English Channel, a choke point south of England and north of France

Strait of Hormuz between Oman and Iran at the entrance to the Persian Gulf

United States Fifth Fleet

Numbered fleet of the United States Navy.

The U.S. Fifth Fleet's emblem
U.S. Navy, Royal Navy, and Royal Australian Navy destroyers on joint operations in the Persian Gulf.
The Fifth Fleet's area of responsibility, 2009.

On 3 January 2012, following the end of the ten-day Velayat 90 naval maneuvers by the Iranian Navy in the Strait of Hormuz, the Iranian Army chief of staff, General Ataollah Salehi, was quoted by the state news agency IRNA as warning the United States to not deploy USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) back to the Persian Gulf.