Strait of Hormuz

Straits of HormuzHormuzHormuz StraitStraight of HormuzPersian StraitHormouzport of Hormuzstrait
The Strait of Hormuz ( Tangeh-ye Hormoz مَضيق هُرمُز‎ Maḍīq Hurmuz ) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.wikipedia
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Persian Gulf

GulfGulf regionPersian Gulf region
The Strait of Hormuz ( Tangeh-ye Hormoz مَضيق هُرمُز‎ Maḍīq Hurmuz ) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
On the north coast lies Iran, and on the south coast the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.
Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance.

Gulf of Oman

Sea of OmanOmanOman Sea
The Strait of Hormuz ( Tangeh-ye Hormoz مَضيق هُرمُز‎ Maḍīq Hurmuz ) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. In July 2012, the UAE began using the new Habshan–Fujairah oil pipeline from the Habshan fields in Abu Dhabi to the Fujairah oil terminal on the Gulf of Oman, effectively bypassing the Strait of Hormuz.
The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (خَلِيج عُمَان khalīj ʿumān; daryâ-ye omân) is a gulf that connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then runs to the Persian Gulf.

Oman

Sultanate of OmanOmaniOmani Empire
On the north coast lies Iran, and on the south coast the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.
The Madha and Musandam exclaves are surrounded by the UAE on their land borders, with the Strait of Hormuz (which it shares with Iran) and Gulf of Oman forming Musandam's coastal boundaries.

Ormus

HormuzOrmuzKingdom of Hormuz
In the 10th17th centuries AD, the Kingdom of Ormus, which seems to have given the strait its name, was located here.
The Kingdom of Ormus (also known as Ohrmuzd, Hormuz, and Ohrmazd; Arabic: هرمز, Portuguese: Ormuz) was a 10th- to 17th-century kingdom located within the Persian Gulf and extending as far as the Strait of Hormuz.

Musandam Governorate

MusandamRas MusandamMusandam Peninsula
On the north coast lies Iran, and on the south coast the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.
With the exception of the exclave of Madha, it is located on the Musandam Peninsula, which juts into the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow entry into the Persian Gulf, from the Arabian Peninsula.

Choke point

bottleneckchokepointchoke points
It provides the only sea passage from the Persian Gulf to the open ocean and is one of the world's most strategically important choke points.
Choke points remain a prominent issue today in the global economy and shipments of goods, particularly oil: 20% of the world's oil is shipped through the Strait of Hormuz, which has seen conflicts such as the downing of Iran Air Flight 655 by American missiles in 1988.

Iran–Iraq War

Iran-Iraq warTanker WarIraq-Iran War
The Tanker War phase of the Iran–Iraq War started when Iraq attacked the oil terminal and oil tankers at Iran's Kharg Island in early 1984.
Iraq's aim in attacking Iranian shipping was to provoke the Iranians to retaliate with extreme measures, such as closing the Strait of Hormuz to all maritime traffic, thereby bringing American intervention; the United States had threatened several times to intervene if the Strait of Hormuz were closed.

Strait

straitspassagechannel
The Strait of Hormuz ( Tangeh-ye Hormoz مَضيق هُرمُز‎ Maḍīq Hurmuz ) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
Straits used for international navigation through the territorial sea between one part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone and another part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone are subject to the legal regime of transit passage (Strait of Gibraltar, Dover Strait, Strait of Hormuz).

USS Newport News (SSN-750)

Newport NewsUSS ''Newport NewsUSS ''Newport News'' (SSN 750)
On 8 January 2007, the nuclear submarine USS Newport News, traveling submerged, struck, a 300,000-ton Japanese-flagged very large crude tanker, south of the strait.
On 8 January 2007, Newport News was operating submerged in the Arabian Sea south of the Straits of Hormuz when it hit the Japanese tanker Mogamigawa.

USS Vincennes (CG-49)

USS ''VincennesUSS Vincennes(CG-49) ''Vincennes
On 3 July 1988, 290 people were killed when an Iran Air Airbus A300 was shot down over the strait by the United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes (CG-49) when it was wrongly identified as a jet fighter.
The reason for the haste: Navy leaders decided that they needed an Aegis ship to protect the exit of the damaged Samuel B. Roberts through the Strait of Hormuz.

Liquefied natural gas

LNGliquified natural gasliquid natural gas
A third of the world’s liquefied natural gas and almost 25% of total global oil consumption passes through the strait, making it a highly important strategic location for international trade.
In response, Iran threatened to close off the Strait of Hormuz to international shipping.

Transit passage

Strait passagepassage
To traverse the Strait, ships pass through the territorial waters of Iran and Oman under the transit passage provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
The major international trade routes of the Strait of Gibraltar, Dover Strait, Strait of Hormuz, Bab-el-Mandeb and Strait of Malacca are covered by the transit passage provisions.

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

Revolutionary GuardsIRGCRevolutionary Guard
On 29 June 2008, the commander of Iran's Revolutionary Guard, Mohammad Ali Jafari, said that if either Israel or the United States attacked Iran, it would seal off the Strait of Hormuz to wreak havoc in the oil markets.
These include the control of smuggling, control of the Strait of Hormuz, and resistance operations.

United States Fifth Fleet

5th FleetFifth FleetU.S. 5th Fleet
A U.S. Fifth Fleet spokeswoman said in response that the Fleet was "always ready to counter malevolent actions", whilst Admiral Habibollah Sayyari of the Iranian navy claimed that cutting off oil shipments would be "easy".
On 3 January 2012, following the end of the ten-day Velayat 90 naval maneuvers by the Iranian Navy in the Strait of Hormuz, the Iranian Army chief of staff, General Ataollah Salehi, was quoted by the state news agency IRNA as warning the United States to not deploy back to the Persian Gulf.

MV Maersk Tigris

MV ''Maersk TigrisMaersk Tigris
On April 28, 2015, IRGCN patrol boats contacted the Marshall Islands-flagged container ship Maersk Tigris, which was westbound through the strait, and directed the ship to proceed further into Iranian territorial waters, according to a spokesman for the U.S. Defense Department.
On 28 April 2015, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy intercepted and seized the ship while it was transiting through Iranian territorial waters via the Strait of Hormuz.

French frigate La Motte-Picquet

La Motte-PicquetLamotte-PicquetFrench frigate ''La Motte-Picquet'' (D 645)
The flotilla included three American aircraft carriers (the, the and ) and three destroyers, seven British warships, including the destroyer and a number of Type 23 frigates (,, and ), and a French warship, the frigate La Motte-Picquet.
On 22 January she passed through the Straits of Hormuz with the British frigate and a US battlegroup centred on the aircraft carrier.

Habshan–Fujairah oil pipeline

ADCOP
In July 2012, the UAE began using the new Habshan–Fujairah oil pipeline from the Habshan fields in Abu Dhabi to the Fujairah oil terminal on the Gulf of Oman, effectively bypassing the Strait of Hormuz.
The pipeline was ordered by the International Petroleum Investment Company in order to increase the security of supply and reduce oil transportation through the Strait of Hormuz.

Abu Musa

Abu Musa IslandAbu MoussaAbu Mosa
Abu Musa is a 12.8 km2 island in the eastern Persian Gulf near the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz.

Qeshm Island

QeshmQishmKishm
Qeshm, formerly also known as Kishm, is an Iranian island in the Strait of Hormuz, separated from the mainland by the Clarence Strait/Khuran in the Persian Gulf (26.83333°N, 56°W).

United Arab Emirates

UAEEmiratiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE)
On the north coast lies Iran, and on the south coast the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman. In July 2012, the UAE began using the new Habshan–Fujairah oil pipeline from the Habshan fields in Abu Dhabi to the Fujairah oil terminal on the Gulf of Oman, effectively bypassing the Strait of Hormuz.
The United Arab Emirates is situated in Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia; it is in a strategic location slightly south of the Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil.

Bandar Abbas

Bandar-AbbasBandarabbasBandar-e Abbas
The city occupies a strategic position on the narrow Strait of Hormuz, and it is the location of the main base of the Iranian Navy.

Hormuz Island

HormuzHormozisland of Hormuz
Located in the Strait of Hormuz, 8 km off the Iranian coast, the island is part of Hormozgan Province.

Musandam Peninsula

MusandamRu'us al-JibalNorth
Located to the south of the Strait of Hormuz between the Persian and Omani Gulfs, it is governed by Oman–as Musandam Governorate–a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council.

Marshall Islands

MarshallsRepublic of the Marshall IslandsMarshall
On April 28, 2015, IRGCN patrol boats contacted the Marshall Islands-flagged container ship Maersk Tigris, which was westbound through the strait, and directed the ship to proceed further into Iranian territorial waters, according to a spokesman for the U.S. Defense Department.
On April 28, 2015, the Iranian navy seized the Marshall Island-flagged MV Maersk Tigris near the Strait of Hormuz.