Stranger

strangers
A stranger is a person who is unknown to another person or group.wikipedia
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Stranger danger

strangerspotential dangers of picking up hitchhikersstranger-on-stranger
The distrust of strangers has led to the concept of stranger danger (and the expression "don't talk to strangers"), wherein excessive emphasis is given to teaching children to fear strangers despite the most common sources of abduction or abuse being people known to the child.
"Stranger danger" is the idea or warning that all strangers can potentially be dangerous.

Familiar stranger

familiar strangersIntimate strangerNodding acquaintances
A familiar stranger is an individual who is recognized by another from regularly sharing a common physical space such as a street or bus stop, but with whom one does not interact.
A familiar stranger is a stranger who is nonetheless recognized by another from regularly sharing a common physical space such as a street or bus stop, but with whom one does not interact.

Consequential strangers

Consequential strangers are personal connections other than family and close friends.
Also known as "peripheral" or "weak" ties, they lie in the broad social territory between strangers and intimates.

Alien (law)

alienaliensforeigners
A stranger is not necessarily a foreigner, although a foreigner is highly likely to be a stranger:
The term "alien" is derived from the Latin alienus, meaning stranger, foreign, etym. "belonging (somewhere) else".

Stranger anxiety

Thereafter stranger anxiety typically emerges, and young children will normally exhibit signs of distress when presented with unfamiliar individuals, and will tend to prefer those with whom they are familiar rather than strangers.
Stranger anxiety is a form of distress that children experience when exposed to strangers.

Threat

threatsthreatenedthreatening communication
Because of this unknown status, a stranger may be perceived as a threat until their identity and character can be ascertained.

Identity (social science)

identitysocial identityidentities
Because of this unknown status, a stranger may be perceived as a threat until their identity and character can be ascertained.

Character structure

charactercharacter structurescharacteristic
Because of this unknown status, a stranger may be perceived as a threat until their identity and character can be ascertained.

Social order

ordersocial ordersmaintaining order
The presence of a stranger can throw an established social order into question, "because the stranger is neither friend nor enemy; and because he may be both".

Friendship

friendfriendsbest friend
The presence of a stranger can throw an established social order into question, "because the stranger is neither friend nor enemy; and because he may be both".

Enemy

enemiesenmityfoe
The presence of a stranger can throw an established social order into question, "because the stranger is neither friend nor enemy; and because he may be both".

Distrust

mistrustloss of trust
The distrust of strangers has led to the concept of stranger danger (and the expression "don't talk to strangers"), wherein excessive emphasis is given to teaching children to fear strangers despite the most common sources of abduction or abuse being people known to the child.

Ambivalence

ambivalentambivalent emotionsambivalently
A stranger is typically represented as an outsider, and a source of ambivalence, as they may be a friend, an enemy, or both.

Middle French

Frenchmedieval French16th-century French
The word stranger derives from the Middle French word estrangier, meaning a foreigner or alien.

Zygmunt Bauman

BaumanBauman, ZygmuntEmeritus Professor Zygmunt Bauman
According to sociologist and philosopher Zygmunt Bauman, every society produces its own strangers, and the natures of "strangeness" is "eminently pliable [and] man-made".

Stanley Milgram

MilgramDr. Stanley MilgramStan Milgram
First identified by Stanley Milgram in the 1972 paper The Familiar Stranger: An Aspect of Urban Anonymity, it has become an increasingly popular topic in research about social networks and technologically-mediated communication.

Statism

statistetatismetatist
Adopting a statist view, strangers may be seen as a chaotic challenge to the order imposed and sought by the nation-state, which is then faced with the challenge of assimilating the stranger, expelling them, or destroying them.

Nation state

nation-statecountrynation-states
Adopting a statist view, strangers may be seen as a chaotic challenge to the order imposed and sought by the nation-state, which is then faced with the challenge of assimilating the stranger, expelling them, or destroying them.

Cultural assimilation

assimilationassimilatedassimilate
Adopting a statist view, strangers may be seen as a chaotic challenge to the order imposed and sought by the nation-state, which is then faced with the challenge of assimilating the stranger, expelling them, or destroying them.

Anonymous sex

anonymousanonymous partneranonymous public sex
At the opposite end of the spectrum, some people are excited by engaging in sex with strangers.

Object permanence

invisible displacement problems
Infants will generally be receptive to strangers until after they achieve object permanence and begin forming attachments.

Attachment theory

attachmentattachment styleattachment styles
Infants will generally be receptive to strangers until after they achieve object permanence and begin forming attachments.

Kidnapping

kidnapkidnappedabduction
This often stems from public fears regarding stranger offenders, individuals who may approach children in public places with the intention of abduction or abuse, possibly due in part to their perception of children as vulnerable targets.