Strangling

strangulationstrangledstrangleligatureligature strangulationstranglesmanual strangulationchokemanually strangledstrangled to death
Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.wikipedia
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Garrote

garrottegarrotinggarotte
During the Spanish Inquisition, victims who admitted their alleged sins and recanted were killed via ligature strangulation (i.e. the garrote) before their bodies were burnt during the auto-da-fé.
A garrote or garrote vil (a Spanish word; alternative spellings include garotte and similar variants ) is a weapon, most often a handheld ligature of chain, rope, scarf, wire or fishing line used to strangle a person.

Erotic asphyxiation

autoerotic asphyxiationauto-erotic asphyxiationerotic asphyxia
Various methods are used to achieve the level of oxygen depletion needed, such as a hanging, suffocation with a plastic bag over the head, self-strangulation such as with a ligature, gas or volatile solvents, chest compression, or some combination of these.

Chokehold

Strangleholdchokeschoke hold
More technical variants of manual strangulation are referred to as chokeholds, and are extensively practised and used in various martial arts, combat sports, self-defense systems, and in military hand-to-hand combat application.
A chokehold, choke, stranglehold or, in Judo, shime-waza (絞技; constriction technique) is a general term for a grappling hold that critically reduces or prevents either air (choking) or blood (strangling) from passing through the neck of an opponent.

Brain ischemia

cerebral ischemiacerebral ischaemiaischemic stroke
Other causes associated with brain hypoxia include drowning, strangling, choking, cardiac arrest, head trauma, and complications during general anesthesia.

Gary Ridgway

Green River KillerRidgwayThe Green River Killer
Confessed American serial killer Altemio Sanchez used ligature strangulation in the rapes and/or murders of his victims, as did Gary Ridgway, the Green River Killer.
He strangled his victims, usually by hand but sometimes using ligatures.

Hanging

hangedhangdeath by hanging
Fatal strangling typically occurs in cases of violence, accidents, and is one of two main ways that hanging causes death (alongside breaking the victim's neck).
Suspended by the neck, the weight of the body is used to tighten the noose around the trachea and neck structure causing strangulation and subsequently death.

Carotid sinus

Carotid sinus massagecarotid sinus reflexCarotid sinus stimulation
As in all cases of strangulation, the rapidity of death can be affected by the susceptibility to carotid sinus stimulation.
Carotid sinus reflex death has been pointed out as a possible cause of death in cases of strangulation, hanging and autoerotic strangulation, but such deductions remain controversial.

Altemio Sanchez

Anthony Capozzi
Confessed American serial killer Altemio Sanchez used ligature strangulation in the rapes and/or murders of his victims, as did Gary Ridgway, the Green River Killer.
In later years of Sanchez's crimes, he used a ligature, wire, or garrote, to strangle and suffocate his victims.

Thuggee

ThugeeThugsThuggees
Thugs are said to have operated as gangs of highway robbers, tricking and later strangling their victims.

Hyoid bone

hyoidgreater cornulesser cornu
Consequently, manual strangulation may damage the larynx and fracture the hyoid or other bones in the neck.
In a suspected case of murder or physical abuse, a fractured hyoid strongly indicates throttling or strangulation in an adult.

Choking game

fainting gamechokingchoking themselves
The two mechanisms are strangulation and self-induced hypocapnia and work as follows:

Unconsciousness

unconsciousloss of consciousnessnarcosis
Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.

Death

mortalitydeceaseddead
Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.

Hypoxia (medical)

hypoxiahypoxicanoxia
Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.

Combat sport

combat sportsCombatcombat-sport
More technical variants of manual strangulation are referred to as chokeholds, and are extensively practised and used in various martial arts, combat sports, self-defense systems, and in military hand-to-hand combat application.

Common carotid artery

carotidcarotid arteriescarotid artery
Incomplete occlusion of the carotid arteries is expected and, in cases of homicide, the victim may struggle for a period of time, with unconsciousness typically occurring in 10 to 15 seconds.

Pharynx

nasopharynxoropharynxpharyngeal

Larynx

laryngealvoice boxlaryngologist
Consequently, manual strangulation may damage the larynx and fracture the hyoid or other bones in the neck.