Strategic lawsuit against public participation

SLAPPanti-SLAPPstrategic lawsuits against public participationSLAPP suitsanti-SLAPP lawStrategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP)anti-SLAPP actanti-SLAPP" lawCalifornia's anti-SLAPP lawforcing them into bankruptcy or submission
A strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP) is a lawsuit that is intended to censor, intimidate, and silence critics by burdening them with the cost of a legal defense until they abandon their criticism or opposition.wikipedia
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Political libel

Various abusive uses of this law including political libel (criticism of the political actions or views of others) have ceased to exist in most places, but persist in some jurisdictions (notably British Columbia and Ontario) where political views can be held as defamatory.
In most developed countries, a combination of discouragement to vexatious litigation, general recognition of chilling effects, and sometimes formal definition of a strategic lawsuit against public participation, serve to limit politically motivated libel suits.

SPEAK FREE Act of 2015

There is no federal anti-SLAPP law, but legislation for one has been previously introduced, such as the SPEAK FREE Act of 2015.
The Bill was designed to prevent SLAPP lawsuits (strategic lawsuit against public participation), which are often brought to silence critics.

George W. Pring

The acronym was coined in the 1980s by University of Denver professors Penelope Canan and George W. Pring.
He coined the acronym SLAPP for "Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation" and is the co-author, together with Penelope Canan, of SLAPPs: Getting Sued for Speaking Out.

Right to petition

petitionright of petitionright to petition the government
Anti-SLAPP laws occasionally come under criticism from those who believe that there should not be barriers to the right to petition for those who sincerely believe they have been wronged, regardless of ulterior motives.

Legal threat

threats of legal actionthreat of a lawsuitthreat of legal action
A SLAPP is often preceded by a legal threat.

Johnny & Associates

Johnny's EntertainmentJohnny's Jr.Johnny
In 2006, Oricon Inc., Japan's music chart provider, sued freelance journalist Hiro Ugaya due to his suggesting in an article for business and culture magazine Cyzo that the company was fiddling its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels, specifically Johnny and Associates.
Ugaya condemned the action as a strategic lawsuit against public participation, and it was later dropped by Oricon with no charges filed against the journalist.

Alain Deneault

This bill was invoked in Ontario (and then Supreme Court of Canada docket 33819) in the case of Les Éditions Écosociété Inc., Alain Deneault, Delphine Abadie and William Sacher vs. Banro Inc., in which the publisher Écosociété pleaded (supported by the BCCLA ) that it should not face Ontario liability for a publication in Quebec, as the suit was a SLAPP and the Quebec law explicitly provided to dismiss these.
The lawsuit has been considered by some to be a strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP).

Oricon

JPNJapanese Albums ChartJapanese Oricon Albums Chart
In 2006, Oricon Inc., Japan's music chart provider, sued freelance journalist Hiro Ugaya due to his suggesting in an article for business and culture magazine Cyzo that the company was fiddling its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels, specifically Johnny and Associates.
Ugaya condemned the lawsuit as an example of a strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP) in Japan.

Barrick Gold

Barrick Gold CorporationBarrickBarrick Gold Corp
A separate 2011 decision in Quebec Superior Court had ruled that Barrick Gold had to pay $143,000 to the book's three authors and publisher, Les Éditions Écosociété Inc., to prepare their defence in a "seemingly abusive" strategic lawsuit against public participation.
A 2011 decision in Quebec Superior Court had ruled that Barrick Gold had to pay $143,000 to authors Alain Deneault, Delphine Abadie, William Sacher and publisher Les Éditions Écosociété Inc, to prepare their defence in a "seemingly abusive" strategic lawsuit against public participation.

Scientology and the Internet

Scientology versus the InternetDennis ErlichZenon Panoussis
The Church of Scientology is often accused of barratry through the filing of SLAPP suits.

Barratry (common law)

barratryabuses of the legal systemanti-barratry
If barratrous litigation is deemed to be for the purpose of silencing critics, it is known as a strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP).

RadioShack

Radio ShackTandy/Radio ShackTandy
In an attempt to suppress the news, the company launched a successful strategic lawsuit against public participation against Bradley D. Jones, the webmaster of RadioShackSucks.com and a former RadioShack dealer for 17 years.

Varian v. Delfino

Varian Medical Systems, Inc. v. Delfino, 35 Cal.4th 180 (2005) is a California Supreme Court opinion by then-Associate Justice Janice R. Brown interpreting the state's SLAPP statute.

Electronic Frontier Foundation

EFFElectronic Freedom FoundationElectronic Frontiers Foundation
The EFF has long taken a stance against strategic lawsuits against public participation (SLAPP) as attempts to stymie free speech and advocated for effective anti-SLAPP legislation.

Chilling effect

chillingChilling effect (law)chilling effects
It has been argued that the lack of uniform protection against SLAPPs has encouraged forum shopping; proponents of federal legislation have argued that the uncertainty about one's level of protection has likely magnified the chilling effect of SLAPPs.
A lawsuit initiated specifically for the purpose of creating a chilling effect may be called a Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation ("SLAPP").

Malicious prosecution

Section 425.18, signed into law on October 6, 2005, was enacted to facilitate SLAPP victims in recovering their damages through a SLAPPback (malicious prosecution action) against the SLAPP filers and their attorneys after the underlying SLAPP has been dismissed.

Pacific Legal Foundation

In the early 1980s, PLF was lead plaintiff in one of the first known Strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP) suits in the U.S., which attempted to obtain the mailing list of the Abalone Alliance to get the group to pay for the police costs of the largest anti-nuclear civil-disobedience act in U.S. history, at the Diablo Canyon Power Plant.

Steubenville High School rape case

Steubenvillerape of an unconscious sixteen-year-oldreleased an incriminating video
The parents sued Goddard and a dozen anonymous posters in October 2012; a legal blogger labeled it a SLAPP suit.

Abalone Alliance

The group was hit with one of the first known SLAPPs in U.S. history, where the Pacific Legal Foundation and San Luis Obispo County attempted to legally obtain the names of all members and supporters, demanding that they pay for the costs of the 1981 blockade.

Scientology and law

Scientology and the legal systemChurch of ScientologyChurch's copyright
Critics state that the ultimate aim of Scientology lawsuits is to destroy church opponents by forcing them into bankruptcy or submission, using its resources to pursue frivolous lawsuits at considerable cost to defendants.

Cease and desist

cease-and-desistcease and desist ordercease and desist letter
In September 2017, a naturopath in Arizona named Colleen Huber filed a defamation lawsuit, preceded by two cease and desist letters, against Britt Marie Hermes, a naturopathy whistleblower.

Spamigation

litigationlitigation against its own subscribers
Spamigation is similar to a strategic lawsuit against public participation ("SLAPP"), which is filed by a large organization, or in some cases an individual plaintiff, to intimidate and silence a less powerful critic by so severely burdening them with the cost of a legal defense that they abandon their criticism.

Amir Bramly

During 2016, Amir Bramly, who at the time was being investigated and subsequently indicted for an alleged Ponzi scheme, sued for libel Tomer Ganon, a Calcalist reporter, privately for ₪1 million in damages, due to a news item linking him to Bar Refaeli.
The sued individuals and bodies have claimed that these are Strategic lawsuit against public participation actions.

Barbra Streisand

Barbara StreisandStreisandBarbra Striesand
Her lawsuit was eventually dismissed under the anti-SLAPP (strategic lawsuit against public participation) provisions of California law and she was ordered to pay Adelman's legal fees.