Stream

creekstreamscreeksbrookintermittent streamtorrentrivuletintermittenttorrenteephemeral stream
A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.wikipedia
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River

riversriverineriparian
Long large streams are usually called rivers.
Small rivers can be referred to using names such as stream, creek, brook, rivulet, and rill.

Stream bed

riverbedstreambedriver bed
A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.
A stream bed or streambed is the channel bottom of a stream or river, the physical confine of the normal water flow.

Body of water

bodies of waterwater bodieswaterbodies
A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.
A body of water does not have to be still or contained; rivers, streams, canals, and other geographical features where water moves from one place to another are also considered bodies of water.

Riparian zone

riparianriparian zonesriparian habitat
The biological habitat in the immediate vicinity of a stream is called a riparian zone.
A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream.

Bank (geography)

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A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.
In limnology (the study of inland waters), a stream bank or river bank is the terrain alongside the bed of a river, creek, or stream.

Ford (crossing)

fordfordsforded
Brook: A stream smaller than a creek, especially one that is fed by a spring or seep. It is usually small and easily forded. A brook is characterised by its shallowness.
A ford is a shallow place with good footing where a river or stream may be crossed by wading, or inside a vehicle getting its wheels wet.

Habitat

habitatsmicrohabitatnatural habitat
The biological habitat in the immediate vicinity of a stream is called a riparian zone.
Fresh water habitats include marshes, streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds, and marine habitats include salt marshes, the coast, the intertidal zone, estuaries, reefs, bays, the open sea, the sea bed, deep water and submarine vents.

Channel (geography)

channelchannelsshipping channel
A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.
A stream channel is the physical confine of a stream (river) consisting of a bed and stream banks.

Creek (tidal)

creektidal creekcreeks
In parts of Maryland, New England, the UK and India, a tidal inlet, typically in a salt marsh or mangrove swamp, or between enclosed and drained former salt marshes or swamps (e.g. Port Creek separating Portsea Island from the mainland). In these cases, the stream is the tidal stream, the course of the seawater through the creek channel at low and high tide.
A tidal creek, tidal channel, or estuary is the portion of a stream that is affected by ebb and flow of ocean tides, in the case that the subject stream discharges to an ocean, sea or strait.

Tributary

tributariesleft tributaryright tributary
Tributary: A contributory stream, or a stream which does not reach a static body of water such as a lake or ocean, but joins another river (a parent river). Sometimes also called a branch or fork.
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.

Bourne (stream)

bournebournes ''Bourne
Bourne or winterbourne is used in the chalk downland of southern England.
A bourne is an intermittent stream, flowing from a spring.

Jones Falls

Jones Falls ValleyJones's Fallsplans
Falls is also used to name streams in Maryland, for streams/rivers which have waterfalls on them, even if such falls have a small vertical drop. Little Gunpowder Falls and The Jones Falls are actually rivers named in this manner, unique to Maryland.
The Jones Falls is a 17.9 mi stream in Maryland.

Kill (body of water)

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Kill in New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey comes from a Dutch language word meaning "riverbed" or "water channel", and can also be used for the UK meaning of 'creek'.
A kill is a body of water, most commonly a creek, but also a tidal inlet, river, strait, or arm of the sea.

River bifurcation

bifurcationpseudobifurcationbifurcates
Bifurcation: A fork into two or more streams.
River bifurcation (from furca, fork) occurs when a river flowing in a single stream separates into two or more separate streams (called distributaries) which continue downstream.

Spring (hydrology)

springspringsspring water
Brook: A stream smaller than a creek, especially one that is fed by a spring or seep. It is usually small and easily forded. A brook is characterised by its shallowness.
In some cases entire creeks seemingly disappear as the water sinks into the ground via the stream bed.

Shoal

sandbarsandbanksand bar
Runnel: the linear channel between the parallel ridges or bars on a shoreline beach or river floodplain, or between a bar and the shore. Also called a swale.
They can develop where a stream, river, or ocean current promotes deposition of sediment and granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water.

Floodplain

flood plainfloodplainsflood plains
Floodplain: Lands adjacent to the stream that are subject to flooding when a stream overflows its banks.
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.

Lake

lacustrinefreshwater lakelakes
Mouth: The point at which the stream discharges, possibly via an estuary or delta, into a static body of water such as a lake or ocean.
Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams, which are usually flowing.

Stream gradient

gradientgradients gradation
Knickpoint: The point on a stream's profile where a sudden change in stream gradient occurs.
Stream gradient is the grade measured by the ratio of drop in elevation of a stream per unit horizontal distance, usually expressed as meters per kilometer or feet per mile.

Flood

floodingfloodsflood control
Floodplain: Lands adjacent to the stream that are subject to flooding when a stream overflows its banks.
Floods occur in all types of river and stream channels, from the smallest ephemeral streams in humid zones to normally-dry channels in arid climates to the world's largest rivers.

River source

headwatersheadwatersource
Headwaters: The part of a stream or river proximate to its source. The word is most commonly used in the plural where there is no single point source.
The source or headwaters of a river or stream is the furthest place in that river or stream from its estuary or confluence with another river, as measured along the course of the river.

Waterfall

waterfallscascadefalls
Waterfall or cascade: The fall of water where the stream goes over a sudden drop called a knickpoint; some knickpoints are formed by erosion when water flows over an especially resistant stratum, followed by one less so. The stream expends kinetic energy in "trying" to eliminate the knickpoint.
A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.

Streamflow

stream flowflowriver flow
Streamflow: The water moving through a stream channel.
Streamflow, or channel runoff, is the flow of water in streams, rivers, and other channels, and is a major element of the water cycle.

Upland and lowland

lowlandbottomlandupland
Syke is used in lowland Scotland and Cumbria for a seasonal stream.
In freshwater ecology, upland rivers and streams are the fast-flowing rivers and streams that drain elevated or mountainous country, often onto broad alluvial plains (where they become lowland rivers).

Gill (ravine)

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Syke is used in lowland Scotland and Cumbria for a seasonal stream. Beck is used in Lincolnshire to Cumbria in areas which were once occupied by the Danes and Norwegians.
The stream flowing through a gill is often referred to as a beck: for example in Swaledale, Gunnerside Beck flows through Gunnerside Ghyll.