Streaming media

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Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.wikipedia
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Television

TVtelevisedtelevisions
Distinguishing delivery method from the media distributed applies specifically to telecommunications networks, as most of the delivery systems are either inherently streaming (e.g. radio, television, streaming apps) or inherently non-streaming (e.g. books, video cassettes, audio CDs).
Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer, Hulu, Roku and Chromecast.

Streaming television

internet televisionInternetinternet TV
For example, in the 1930s, elevator music was among the earliest popularly available streaming media; nowadays Internet television is a common form of streamed media.
Streaming television (streaming TV or internet television) is the digital distribution of television content, such as TV shows, as streaming video delivered over the Internet.

Digital video

videodigitalDV
A client end-user can use their media player to start playing the digital video content or listens to digital audio content before the entire file has been transmitted.
Digital video can be stored on digital media such as Blu-ray Disc, on computer data storage or streamed over the Internet to end users who watch content on a desktop computer screen or a digital smart TV.

Internet

onlinethe Internetweb
Live streaming is the delivery of Internet content in real-time, as events happen, much as live television broadcasts its contents over the airwaves via a television signal.
Most traditional communications media, including telephony, radio, television, paper mail and newspapers are reshaped, redefined, or even bypassed by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as email, Internet telephony, Internet television, online music, digital newspapers, and video streaming websites.

Twitch.tv

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Some popular streaming services include the video sharing website YouTube, Twitch and Mixer, which live stream the playing of video games; Netflix and Amazon Video, which stream movies and TV shows; and Spotify, Apple Music and TIDAL, which stream music.
Twitch is a live streaming video platform owned by Twitch Interactive, a subsidiary of Amazon.

Apple Music

Beats 1iPodMusic
Some popular streaming services include the video sharing website YouTube, Twitch and Mixer, which live stream the playing of video games; Netflix and Amazon Video, which stream movies and TV shows; and Spotify, Apple Music and TIDAL, which stream music.
Apple Music is a music and video streaming service developed by Apple Inc. Users select music to stream to their device on-demand, or they can listen to existing, curated playlists.

Tidal (service)

TidalTIDAL XTidal X: 1015
Some popular streaming services include the video sharing website YouTube, Twitch and Mixer, which live stream the playing of video games; Netflix and Amazon Video, which stream movies and TV shows; and Spotify, Apple Music and TIDAL, which stream music.
Tidal (stylized as TIDAL) is a subscription-based music, podcast and video streaming service that combines lossless audio and high-definition music videos with exclusive content and special features on music.

Multimedia

multi-mediamultimedia artistmultimedia art
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Digital online multimedia may be downloaded or streamed.

Online video platform

video sharingvideo-sharingvideo hosting service
Some popular streaming services include the video sharing website YouTube, Twitch and Mixer, which live stream the playing of video games; Netflix and Amazon Video, which stream movies and TV shows; and Spotify, Apple Music and TIDAL, which stream music.
Making a user friendly experience, where uploading a video and streaming or embedding video does not require advanced programming knowledge. It is now commonly achieved through a web browser, and can be done by users with little programming experience.

Content delivery network

CDNcontent distribution networkContent Delivery Networks
Live internet streaming requires a form of source media (e.g. a video camera, an audio interface, screen capture software), an encoder to digitize the content, a media publisher, and a content delivery network to distribute and deliver the content.
The rapid growth of streaming video traffic uses large capital expenditures by broadband providers in order to meet this demand and to retain subscribers by delivering a sufficiently good quality of experience.

Digital audio

digital musicaudiodigital
A client end-user can use their media player to start playing the digital video content or listens to digital audio content before the entire file has been transmitted.
Digital audio can be carried over a network using audio over Ethernet, audio over IP or other streaming media standards and systems.

Spotify

Spotify.comPlay.Spotify.comSpotify Velocity
Some popular streaming services include the video sharing website YouTube, Twitch and Mixer, which live stream the playing of video games; Netflix and Amazon Video, which stream movies and TV shows; and Spotify, Apple Music and TIDAL, which stream music.

RealNetworks

Film.comRealRealNetworks, Inc.
RealNetworks was also a pioneer in the streaming media markets, when it broadcast a baseball game between the New York Yankees and the Seattle Mariners over the Internet in 1995. "Streaming" was applied in the early 1990s as a better description for video on demand and later live video on IP networks first by Starlight Networks for video streaming and Real Networks for audio streaming; at the time such video was usually referred to as "store and forward video", which was misleading nomenclature.
RealNetworks, Inc. is a provider of Internet streaming media delivery software and services based in Seattle, Washington, United States.

Video on demand

VODvideo-on-demandon demand
"Streaming" was applied in the early 1990s as a better description for video on demand and later live video on IP networks first by Starlight Networks for video streaming and Real Networks for audio streaming; at the time such video was usually referred to as "store and forward video", which was misleading nomenclature.
Television VOD systems can stream content through either a set-top box, a computer or other device, allowing viewing in real time, or download it to a device such as a computer, digital video recorder (also called a personal video recorder) or portable media player for viewing at any time.

Download

downloadsdownloadingDigital Download
The verb "to stream" refers to the process of delivering or obtaining media in this manner; the term refers to the delivery method of the medium, rather than the medium itself, and is an alternative to file downloading, a process in which the end-user obtains the entire file for the content before watching or listening to it.
Downloading generally transfers entire files for local storage and later use, as contrasted with streaming, where the data is used nearly immediately, while the transmission is still in progress, and which may not be stored long-term.

Internet radio device

network music playerinternet radiosNetwork music players
Stand-alone Internet radio devices emerged to offer listeners a no-computer option for listening to audio streams.
An Internet radio device, also called network music player is a hardware device that is capable of receiving and playing streamed media from either Internet radio stations or a home network.

ActiveMovie

Microsoft developed a media player known as ActiveMovie in 1995 that allowed streaming media and included a proprietary streaming format, which was the precursor to the streaming feature later in Windows Media Player 6.4 in 1999.
ActiveMovie was the immediate ancestor of Windows Media Player 6.x, and was a streaming media technology now known as DirectShow, developed by Microsoft to replace Video for Windows.

High-definition television

HDTVhigh definitionHD
Increasing consumer demand for streaming of high definition (HD) content has led the industry to develop a number of technologies such as WirelessHD or ITU-T G.hn, which are optimized for streaming HD content without forcing the user to install new networking cables.
HDTV is the current standard video format used in most broadcasts: terrestrial broadcast television, cable television, satellite television, Blu-rays, and streaming video.

Blockbuster LLC

BlockbusterBlockbuster VideoBlockbuster Entertainment Awards
The rise of media streaming caused the downfall of many DVD rental companies such as Blockbuster.
Blockbuster LLC, formerly Blockbuster Entertainment, Inc., and also known as Blockbuster Video or simply Blockbuster, is an American-based provider of home movie and video game rental services through video rental shops, DVD-by-mail, streaming, video on demand, and cinema theater.

Starlight Networks

"Streaming" was applied in the early 1990s as a better description for video on demand and later live video on IP networks first by Starlight Networks for video streaming and Real Networks for audio streaming; at the time such video was usually referred to as "store and forward video", which was misleading nomenclature.
The company created some of the first commercial video-on-demand and video streaming products.

Music industry

Musicmusic businessrecording industry
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) revealed through its 2015 earnings report that streaming services were responsible for 34.3 percent of the year's total music industry's revenue, growing 29 percent from the previous year and becoming the largest source of income, pulling in around $2.4 billion.
In the first decade of the 2000s, digitally downloaded and streamed music became more popular than buying physical recordings (e.g. CDs, records and tapes).

Progressive download

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On-demand streaming is provided by a means called progressive streaming or progressive download.
The key difference between streaming media and progressive download is in how the digital media data is received and stored by the end user device that is accessing the digital media.

Music

audiomusicalPop
Some popular streaming services include the video sharing website YouTube, Twitch and Mixer, which live stream the playing of video games; Netflix and Amazon Video, which stream movies and TV shows; and Spotify, Apple Music and TIDAL, which stream music.
The advent of the Internet and widespread high-speed broadband access has transformed the experience of music, partly through the increased ease of access to recordings of music via streaming video and vastly increased choice of music for consumers.

MP3

.mp3MP3 downloadmp3s
The audio stream is compressed to make the file size smaller using an audio coding format such as MP3, Vorbis, AAC or Opus.
Also designed as a streamable format, segments of a transmission can be lost without affecting the ability to decode later segments.

Internet protocol suite

TCP/IPInternet protocolsIP
As well, there was an increasing use of standard protocols and formats, such as TCP/IP, HTTP, HTML and the Internet became increasingly commercialized, which led to an infusion of investment into the sector.
Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) is a datagram protocol that is designed for real-time data such as streaming audio and video.