String instrument

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String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.wikipedia
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Plectrum

pickplectrapicked
Musicians play some string instruments by plucking the strings with their fingers or a plectrum—and others by hitting the strings with a light wooden hammer or by rubbing the strings with a bow.
A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument.

Musical instrument

instrumentsmusical instrumentsinstrument
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
One plays a musical instrument by interacting with it in some way — for example, by plucking the strings on a string instrument.

Hurdy-gurdy

hurdy gurdyhurdy-gurdiesvielle à roue
With a hurdy-gurdy, the musician cranks a wheel whose rosined edge touches the strings.
The hurdy-gurdy is a stringed instrument that produces sound by a hand crank-turned, rosined wheel rubbing against the strings.

Orchestra

symphony orchestraorchestralchamber orchestra
Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music).
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of Western classical music, which combines instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as the violin, viola, cello, and double bass, brass instruments such as the horn, trumpet, trombone and tuba, woodwinds such as the flute, oboe, clarinet and bassoon, and percussion instruments such as the timpani, bass drum, triangle, snare drum, cymbals, and mallet percussion instruments each grouped in sections.

Cello

cellistvioloncellocellos
Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music).
The cello (plural celli or cellos) or violoncello is a bowed (and occasionally plucked) string instrument of the violin family.

Double bass

bassupright bassacoustic bass
Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music).
The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

Bow (music)

bowbowedbows
Musicians play some string instruments by plucking the strings with their fingers or a plectrum—and others by hitting the strings with a light wooden hammer or by rubbing the strings with a bow.
The vast majority of bows are used with string instruments, such as the violin, although some bows are used with musical saws and other bowed idiophones.

Viol

viola da gambabass violgambist
Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music).
The viol, viola da gamba, or informally gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.

Fiddle

fiddlerfiddlingfiddles
Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music).
A fiddle is a bowed string musical instrument, most often a violin.

Pizzicato

pluckedbare fingerspizzicati
All of the bowed string instruments can also be plucked with the fingers, a technique called "pizzicato".
Pizzicato (, ; translated as "pinched", and sometimes roughly as "plucked") is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument.

Musical instrument classification

André SchaeffnerPlasmaphoneQuintephone
In the Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification, used in organology, string instruments are called chordophones.
The most commonly used system divides instruments into string instruments, woodwind instruments, brass instruments and percussion instruments; however, other schemes have been devised.

Classical music

classicalWestern classical musicEuropean classical music
Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music).
The symphony orchestra includes members of the string, woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments.

Rebab

rababrabābrabat
Other examples include the sitar, rebab, banjo, mandolin, ukulele, and bouzouki.
The rebab (ربابة, rabāba, variously spelled rebap, rabab, rebeb, rababa and rabeba, also known as جوزه jawza or djooza in Iraq ) is a type of a bowed string instrument so named no later than the 8th century and spread via Islamic trading routes over much of North Africa, the Middle East, parts of Europe, and the Far East.

Mandolin

mandolinistmandolinsBandolim
Other examples include the sitar, rebab, banjo, mandolin, ukulele, and bouzouki.
A mandolin (mandolino ; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum.

Musical bow

mouthbowmouth bowbow
Dating to around c. 13,000–BC, a cave painting in the Trois Frères cave in France depicts what some believe is a musical bow, a hunting bow used as a single-stringed musical instrument.
The musical bow (bowstring or string bow) is a simple string instrument used by a number of South African peoples, which is also found in the Americas via slave trade.

Harp

harpistharpsCeltic harp
Some types of string instrument are mainly plucked, such as the harp and the electric bass. From the musical bow, families of stringed instruments developed; since each string played a single note, adding strings added new notes, creating bow harps, harps and lyres.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.

Chordophone

chordophonesChordaphoneSimple chordophone
In the Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification, used in organology, string instruments are called chordophones.
What many would call string instruments are classified as chordophones.

Tapping

two-handed tappingguitar tappingtap
A wide variety of techniques are used to sound notes on the electric guitar, including plucking with the fingernails or a plectrum, strumming and even "tapping" on the fingerboard and using feedback from a loud, distorted guitar amplifier to produce a sustained sound.
While tapping is most commonly observed on electric guitar, it may apply to almost any string instrument, and several instruments have been created specifically to use the method.

Yoke lutes

lyresyoke lute
From the musical bow, families of stringed instruments developed; since each string played a single note, adding strings added new notes, creating bow harps, harps and lyres.
Yoke lutes, commonly called lyres, are a class of string instruments, subfamily of lutes, indicated with the code 321.2 in the Hornbostel–Sachs classification.

Lyre

bowl lyrelyrabell lyre
The development of lyre instruments required the technology to create a tuning mechanism to tighten and loosen the string tension.
The lyre (, lýra) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods.

Bridge (instrument)

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Another innovation occurred when the bow harp was straightened out and a bridge used to lift the strings off the stick-neck, creating the lute.
A bridge is a device that supports the strings on a stringed musical instrument and transmits the vibration of those strings to another structural component of the instrument—typically a soundboard, such as the top of a guitar or violin—which transfers the sound to the surrounding air.

Neck (music)

neckguitar necknecks
Another innovation occurred when the bow harp was straightened out and a bridge used to lift the strings off the stick-neck, creating the lute.
The neck is the part of certain string instruments that projects from the main body and is the base of the fingerboard, where the fingers are placed to stop the strings at different pitches.

Lyres of Ur

Queen's LyreBull lyreGreat Lyre
Archaeological digs have identified some of the earliest stringed instruments in Ancient Mesopotamian sites, like the lyres of Ur, which include artifacts over three thousand years old.
The Lyres of Ur or Harps of Ur are considered to be the world's second oldest surviving stringed instruments after the ones discovered in the Maykop culture.

Pandura

pandouraPandorepandouris
The line of long lutes may have developed into the tamburs and pandura.
The pandura (, pandoura) or pandore, an ancient string instrument, belonged in the broad class of the lute and guitar instruments.

Lute

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Early versions of the violin and fiddle, by comparison, emerged in Europe through instruments such as the gittern, a four-stringed precursor to the guitar, and basic lutes.
A lute ( or ) is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.