Stroke

strokesischemic strokecerebrovascular accidenthemorrhagic strokebrain strokebrain hemorrhageparalytic strokeischaemic strokecerebral hemorrhagecerebral vascular accident
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.wikipedia
5,208 Related Articles

Brain ischemia

cerebral ischemiacerebral ischaemiaischemic stroke
There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding.
This leads to poor oxygen supply or cerebral hypoxia and thus to the death of brain tissue or cerebral infarction / ischemic stroke.

Pneumonia

bronchopneumoniabronchial pneumoniapneumonic
Long-term complications may include pneumonia or loss of bladder control.
Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system.

Diabetes mellitus

diabetesdiabeticdiabetics
Other risk factors include tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, a previous TIA, and atrial fibrillation.
Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.

Transient ischemic attack

transient ischaemic attacktransient ischemic attacksmini-stroke
If symptoms last less than one or two hours it is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini-stroke.
TIAs have the same underlying mechanism as ischemic strokes.

Dizziness

dizzygiddinessdizzines
Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side.
A stroke is the cause of isolated dizziness in 0.7% of people who present to the emergency department.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

subarachnoid haemorrhagesubarachnoidsubarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic
A hemorrhagic stroke may also be associated with a severe headache. A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by either bleeding directly into the brain or into the space between the brain's membranes.
It is a form of stroke and comprises about 5 percent of all strokes.

Aspirin

acetylsalicylic acidASAbaby aspirin
Prevention includes decreasing risk factors, as well as possibly aspirin, statins, surgery to open up the arteries to the brain in those with problematic narrowing, and warfarin in those with atrial fibrillation.
Aspirin is also used long-term to help prevent further heart attacks, ischaemic strokes, and blood clots in people at high risk.

Stroke recovery

stroke rehabilitationrehabilitationrecovery
Treatment to try to recover lost function is called stroke rehabilitation and ideally takes place in a stroke unit; however, these are not available in much of the world.
The primary goals of stroke management are to reduce brain injury and promote maximum patient recovery.

Warfarin

coumadincoumarinrat poison
Prevention includes decreasing risk factors, as well as possibly aspirin, statins, surgery to open up the arteries to the brain in those with problematic narrowing, and warfarin in those with atrial fibrillation.
It is commonly used to treat blood clots such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism and to prevent stroke in people who have atrial fibrillation, valvular heart disease or artificial heart valves.

Carotid endarterectomy

carotid endarterectomiesendarterectomy, carotidsurgery to open up the arteries to the brain
Prevention includes decreasing risk factors, as well as possibly aspirin, statins, surgery to open up the arteries to the brain in those with problematic narrowing, and warfarin in those with atrial fibrillation.
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a surgical procedure performed by vascular surgeons used to reduce the risk of stroke by correcting stenosis (narrowing) in the common carotid artery or internal carotid artery.

Cerebral circulation

cerebral blood flowblood flow to the braincerebral vasculature
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Since the brain is very vulnerable to compromises in its blood supply, the cerebral circulatory system has many safeguards including autoregulation of the blood vessels and the failure of these safeguards can result in a stroke.

Atherosclerosis

atheroscleroticatherogenesisatherosclerotic plaques
The TOAST (Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment) classification is based on clinical symptoms as well as results of further investigations; on this basis, a stroke is classified as being due to (1) thrombosis or embolism due to atherosclerosis of a large artery, (2) an embolism originating in the heart, (3) complete blockage of a small blood vessel, (4) other determined cause, (5) undetermined cause (two possible causes, no cause identified, or incomplete investigation).
When severe, it can result in coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, or kidney problems, depending on which arteries are affected.

Expressive aphasia

Broca's aphasiamotor aphasianon-fluent aphasia
Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side.
Stroke or brain anoxia.

Cocaine

cokecocaine traffickingcrack
Users of stimulants, such as cocaine and methamphetamine are at a high risk for ischemic strokes.
Its use also increases the risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, lung problems in those who smoke it, blood infections, and sudden cardiac death.

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
The TOAST (Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment) classification is based on clinical symptoms as well as results of further investigations; on this basis, a stroke is classified as being due to (1) thrombosis or embolism due to atherosclerosis of a large artery, (2) an embolism originating in the heart, (3) complete blockage of a small blood vessel, (4) other determined cause, (5) undetermined cause (two possible causes, no cause identified, or incomplete investigation).
Of these more than three quarters are a result of coronary artery disease and stroke.

Intracranial hemorrhage

intracranial bleedingintracranial haemorrhageintracranial hematoma
There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding.
It can result from physical trauma (as occurs in head injury) or nontraumatic causes (as occurs in hemorrhagic stroke) such as a ruptured aneurysm.

Intracerebral hemorrhage

cerebral hemorrhagebrain hemorrhagecerebral haemorrhage
A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by either bleeding directly into the brain or into the space between the brain's membranes. Intracerebral hemorrhage, which is basically bleeding within the brain itself (when an artery in the brain bursts, flooding the surrounding tissue with blood), due to either intraparenchymal hemorrhage (bleeding within the brain tissue) or intraventricular hemorrhage (bleeding within the brain's ventricular system).
Other conditions that may present similarly include ischemic stroke.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

cerebral venous thrombosisdural sinus thrombosissagittal sinus thrombosis
4) Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.
Symptoms may include headache, abnormal vision, any of the symptoms of stroke such as weakness of the face and limbs on one side of the body, and seizures.

CT scan

computed tomographyCTcomputerized tomography
Diagnosis is typically based on a physical exam and supported by medical imaging such as a CT scan or MRI scan.
CT scans may be used to diagnose headache when neuroimaging is indicated and MRI is not available, or in emergency settings when hemorrhage, stroke, or traumatic brain injury are suspected.

Stimulant

psychostimulantstimulantspsychostimulants
Users of stimulants, such as cocaine and methamphetamine are at a high risk for ischemic strokes.
When these changes become pathological, they are called arrhythmia, hypertension, and hyperthermia, and may lead to rhabdomyolysis, stroke, cardiac arrest, or seizures.

Intraparenchymal hemorrhage

intraparenchymal bleedbrain tissueintraparenchymal
Intracerebral hemorrhage, which is basically bleeding within the brain itself (when an artery in the brain bursts, flooding the surrounding tissue with blood), due to either intraparenchymal hemorrhage (bleeding within the brain tissue) or intraventricular hemorrhage (bleeding within the brain's ventricular system).
8-13% of all strokes and results from a wide spectrum of disorders.

Hypercholesterolemia

high cholesterolhigh blood cholesterolhypercholesterolaemia
Other risk factors include tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, a previous TIA, and atrial fibrillation.
A blockage of an artery supplying the brain can cause a stroke.

Obesity

obesemorbidly obeseoverweight
Other risk factors include tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, a previous TIA, and atrial fibrillation.

Urinary incontinence

incontinenceurinaryincontinent
Long-term complications may include pneumonia or loss of bladder control.
Disorders like multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, Parkinson's disease, strokes and spinal cord injury can all interfere with nerve function of the bladder.

Aphasia

aphasicdysphasiaaphasics
aphasia (difficulty with verbal expression, auditory comprehension, reading and writing; Broca's or Wernicke's area typically involved)
This damage is typically caused by a cerebral vascular accident (stroke), or head trauma; however, these are not the only possible causes.