Stunt performer

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A stunt performer, often referred to as a stuntman, stuntwoman or daredevil, is a trained professional who performs stunts, often as a career.wikipedia
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Stunt double

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When they take the place of another actor, they are known as stunt doubles.
A stunt double is a cross between a body double and a stunt performer, specifically a skilled replacement used for dangerous film or video sequences, in movies and television (such as jumping out of a building, jumping from vehicle to vehicle, or other similar actions), and for other sophisticated stunts (especially fight scenes).

Harry Houdini

HoudiniHoudini, HarryHoudini's debunking of psychics and mediums
Some people, such as Buster Keaton, Harry Houdini, Jackie Chan, Akshay Kumar, Pawan Kalyan, Tony Jaa, and Jayan, act as both stunt performers and daredevils at various parts of their career.
Harry Houdini (born Erik Weisz, later Ehrich Weiss or Harry Weiss; March 24, 1874 – October 31, 1926) was a Hungarian-born American illusionist and stunt performer, noted for his sensational escape acts.

Jayan

Some people, such as Buster Keaton, Harry Houdini, Jackie Chan, Akshay Kumar, Pawan Kalyan, Tony Jaa, and Jayan, act as both stunt performers and daredevils at various parts of their career.
Krishnan Nair (25 July 1939 – 16 November 1980), better known by his stage name Jayan, was an Indian film actor, naval officer, stunt performer and cultural icon of the 1970s.

Akshay Kumar

Akshlay KumarIkkaRajiv Bhatia
Some people, such as Buster Keaton, Harry Houdini, Jackie Chan, Akshay Kumar, Pawan Kalyan, Tony Jaa, and Jayan, act as both stunt performers and daredevils at various parts of their career.
Apart from acting, Kumar has worked as a stunt actor; he has often performed many dangerous stunts in his films, which has earned him the sobriquet "Indian Jackie Chan".

Helen Gibson

Rose August WengerRose Wenger Gibson
They including the young Rose August Wenger, who married and was later billed as Helen Gibson, recognised as the first American professional stunt woman.
Helen Gibson (August 27, 1892 – October 10, 1977) was an American film actress, vaudeville performer, radio performer, film producer, trick rider and rodeo performer; and is considered to be the first American professional stunt woman.

Circus

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Live stunt performers include escape artists, sword swallowers, glass walkers, fire eaters, trapeze artists, and many other sideshow and circus arts.
Daredevil stunt acts and sideshow acts are also parts of some circus acts, these activities may include human cannonball, chapeaugraphy, fire eating, breathing, and dancing, knife throwing, magic shows, sword swallowing, or strongman.

Action film

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From 1910 onwards, American audiences developed a taste for action movies, which were replicated into successful serials.
Because of their roots and lower budgets, Hong Kong action films typically center on physical acrobatics, martial arts fight scenes, stylized gun-play, and dangerous stunt work performed by leading stunt actors.

Buck Jones

[Buck] JonesCharles "Buck" JonesCharles Jones
Subsequently, a number of rodeo stars entered the movie industry on a full-time basis, with many "riding extras" eventually becoming movie stars themselves, including: Hank Bell (300 films, between 1920 and 1952); Bill Gillis; Buck Jones; Jack Montgomery (initially worked as Tom Mix's body-double); and Jack Padjeon (first appeared in 1923, played Wild Bill Hickok in the John Ford directed The Iron Horse in 1924).
He was hired by Universal Pictures for $5 per day as a bit player and stuntman.

Robert Hoy

Robert F. Hoy
However, in 1958 Thunder Road starring Robert Mitchum, with stunt coordinator was Cary Loftin and a stunt team including Ray Austin, Neil Castes Sr., Robert Hoy, and Dale Van Sickel, introduced the era of the car chase movie.
Robert Francis Hoy (April 3, 1927 – February 8, 2010), was an American actor, stuntman and director.

Ray Austin (director)

Ray AustinRaymond Austin
However, in 1958 Thunder Road starring Robert Mitchum, with stunt coordinator was Cary Loftin and a stunt team including Ray Austin, Neil Castes Sr., Robert Hoy, and Dale Van Sickel, introduced the era of the car chase movie.
Ray Austin (born 5 December 1932) is an English television and film director, television writer, novelist and former stunt performer and actor who has worked in both the United Kingdom and the United States.

Dar Robinson

Dar Robinson invented the decelerator during this period, which used dragline cables rather than airbags for stunts that called for a jump from high places.
Dar Allen Robinson (March 26, 1947 – November 21, 1986) was an American stunt performer and actor.

Evel Knievel

Evel Knievel Action FigureRobert "Evel" KnievelBob Knievel
It also provides a safe platform to a new breed of trained professional stunt performers, including Bill Hickman, Terry Richards, and motorcycle greats Bud Ekins and Evel Knievel.
Robert Craig Knievel Jr. (October 17, 1938 – November 30, 2007), professionally known as Evel Knievel, was an American stunt performer and entertainer.

Bud Ekins

It also provides a safe platform to a new breed of trained professional stunt performers, including Bill Hickman, Terry Richards, and motorcycle greats Bud Ekins and Evel Knievel.
James Sherwin "Bud" Ekins (May 11, 1930 – October 6, 2007) was an American professional stuntman in the U.S. film industry.

John Wayne

the actorThe DukeBatjac Productions, Inc.
But the best known stuntman turned star was probably Yakima Canutt, who with his apprentices - who included John Wayne - devised during the 1930s new safety devices, including: the 'L' stirrup which allowed a rider to fall off a horse without getting hung in the stirrup; and cabling equipment to cause spectacular wagon crashes, while releasing the team.
He was mentored by stuntmen in riding and other Western skills.

Dale Van Sickel

Dale H. Van Sickel
However, in 1958 Thunder Road starring Robert Mitchum, with stunt coordinator was Cary Loftin and a stunt team including Ray Austin, Neil Castes Sr., Robert Hoy, and Dale Van Sickel, introduced the era of the car chase movie.
Dale Harris Van Sickel (November 29, 1907 – January 25, 1977) was an American college football, basketball and baseball player during the 1920s, who later became a Hollywood motion picture actor and stunt performer for over forty years.

Terry Richards

It also provides a safe platform to a new breed of trained professional stunt performers, including Bill Hickman, Terry Richards, and motorcycle greats Bud Ekins and Evel Knievel.
David Terence "Terry" Richards (2 November 1932 – 14 June 2014) was a British actor and stuntman, best known for his appearance as the Arabian swordsman in the 1981 Indiana Jones film Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Stunt

stuntsstunt driverstunt work
A stunt performer, often referred to as a stuntman, stuntwoman or daredevil, is a trained professional who performs stunts, often as a career.
Before computer generated imagery special effects, these effects were limited to the use of models, false perspective and other in-camera effects, unless the creator could find someone willing to jump from car to car or hang from the edge of a skyscraper: the stunt performer or stunt double.

Sammo Hung

D&B FilmsD & B Films Co., Ltd.D&B Film Distribution
Other Hong Kong action movie stars who became known for performing elaborate stunts include Chan's Peking Opera School friends Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao, as well as "girls with guns" stars such as Michelle Yeoh and Moon Lee.
After finding work in the film industry as a stuntman, he was given a nickname after a well-known Chinese cartoon character, Sam-mo (三毛; Three Hairs).

Police Story (1985 film)

Police StoryPolice Story'' (1985 film)
Police Story (1985) contained many large-scale action scenes, including an opening sequence featuring a car chase through a shanty town, Chan stopping a double-decker bus with his service revolver and a climactic fight scene in a shopping mall.
In 2016, Police Story was voted the fourth best action film of all time in Time Outs poll of film critics, directors, actors and stunt actors.

Taurus World Stunt Awards

Taurus AwardWorld Stunt AwardsTaurus World Stunt Award
The Taurus World Stunt Awards gives stunt people their own annual awards, but also through its foundation offers financial support to stunt men around the world who have been injured while on the job.
The Taurus World Stunt Awards is a yearly award ceremony held midyear that honors stunt performers in movies.

Sonny Chiba

Shin'ichi ("Sonny") ChibaShin'ichi ChibaShinichi "Sonny" Chiba
Latterly came the fast action Martial arts movies as a distinct genre, originating for western consumption mainly from Hong Kong from the 1940s, choreographed and later acted in by stunt performers turned stars including Bruce Lee and Sonny Chiba from the 1960s, Kent Norman "Superkentman" Elofson, and latterly Jackie Chan.
By 1970, Chiba had started his own training school for aspiring martial arts film actors and stunt performers known as J.A.C (Japan Action Club).

Escapology

escape artistescapologistescape
Live stunt performers include escape artists, sword swallowers, glass walkers, fire eaters, trapeze artists, and many other sideshow and circus arts.
Stunt performer

Police Story (film series)

Police StoryPolice Story'' film seriesPolice Story'' series
Chan performed similarly elaborate stunts in numerous other films, such as several Police Story sequels, Project A Part II, the Armor of God series, Dragons Forever, Drunken Master II, Rumble in the Bronx, and the Rush Hour series, among others.
The first three Police Story films were voted among the best action films of all time in Time Outs poll of film critics, directors, actors, and stunt actors, with Police Story ranked 4th, Police Story 2 ranked 61st, and Police Story 3 ranked 75th.

Stunt coordinator

stunt co-ordinatorstunt coordinatorsAction Coordinator
The Academy of Television Arts and Sciences awards an Emmy for stunt coordinators.
A stunt coordinator, usually an experienced stunt performer, is hired by a TV, film or theatre director or production company for stunt casting that is to arrange the casting (stunt players and stunt doubles) and performance of stunts for a film, television programme or a live audience.

Where Eagles Dare

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Although the stories that stuntmen died while filming Ben Hur and Where Eagles Dare are apocryphal myths, life-threatening injuries and deaths are not uncommon.
Major contributors included Hollywood stuntman Yakima Canutt, who as second-unit director shot most of the action scenes; British stuntman Alf Joint who doubled for Burton in such sequences as the fight on top of the cable car; award-winning conductor and composer Ron Goodwin, who wrote the film score; and future Oscar-nominee Arthur Ibbetson, who worked on its cinematography.